3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||291.959 g/mol|
|Appearance||red unstable solid|
|Melting point||60 °C (140 °F; 333 K) (decomposes)|
|Main hazards||Corrosive, toxic|
|SbF5, BrF5, IF5|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Gold(V) fluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula Au2F10. This fluoride compound features gold in its highest known oxidation state. This red solid dissolves in hydrogen fluoride but these solutions decompose, liberating fluorine.
The structure of gold(V) fluoride in the solid state is centrosymmetric with hexacoordinated gold and an octahedral arrangement of the fluoride centers on each gold center. It is the only known dimeric pentafluoride; other pentafluorides are monomeric (P, As, Cl, Br, I), tetrameric (Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, Tc, Re, Ru, Os, Rh, Ir, Pt), or polymeric (Bi, V, U). In the gas phase, a mixture of dimer and trimer in the ratio 82:18 has been observed. It is never an ampotheric oxide. Gold pentafluoride is the strongest known fluoride ion acceptor, exceeding the acceptor tendency of even antimony pentafluoride.
This salt decomposes at 180 °C to produce the pentafluoride:
6 decomposes at 60 °C into gold(V) fluoride and gaseous krypton and fluorine: