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Goghat II

Goghat II
Community development block
Goghat II is located in West Bengal
Goghat II
Goghat II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°54′19″N 87°38′56″E / 22.9051990°N 87.6489720°E / 22.9051990; 87.6489720
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
Area
 • Total190.03 km2 (73.37 sq mi)
Elevation
42 m (138 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total160,585
 • Density850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
712611 (Bengai)
712612 (Kamarpukur)
Area code(s)03211
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB-15, WB-16, WB-18
Literacy77.24%
Lok Sabha constituencyArambagh
Vidhan Sabha constituencyGoghat
Websitehooghly.gov.in

Goghat II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Arambag subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Overview

The Goghat II CD Block is part of the western uplands, which is an extension of the rocky and undulating physiography found in adjoining Bankura district.[1]

Geography

Map of Hooghly district showing CD blocks and municipal areas
Goghat-II CD block map sowing GP areas

Kamarpukur is located at 22°54′19″N 87°38′56″E / 22.9051990°N 87.6489720°E / 22.9051990; 87.6489720.

Goghat II CD Block is bounded by Raina II CD Block, in Bardhaman district, in the north, Goghat I in the east, Chandrakona I and Garhbeta II CD Blocks, in Paschim Medinipur district in the south and Kotulpur CD Block, in Bankura district, in the west.

It is located 100 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.

Goghat II CD Block has an area of 190.03 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 19 gram panchayats, 121 gram sansads (village councils), 112 mouzas and 110 inhabited villages. Goghat police station serves this block.[2]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Kamarpukur.[3][4]

Kamarpukur, the place where the headquarters of this block is situated, is the birthplace of Sri Ramkrishna.

The ruins of an Afghan era fort at Garh Mandaran, made famous by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in his novel Durgeshnandini, is located in this block.

Gram panchayats of Goghat II block/ panchayat samiti are: Bengai, Bhadanganj-Falui I, Bhadanganj-Falui II, Hazipur, Kamarpukur, Kumarganj, Mandarin, Paschimpara and Shyambazar.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India, Goghat II CD Block had a total population of 160,585, all of which were rural. There were 82,262 (51%) males and 78,323 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 17,056. Scheduled Castes numbered 58,052 (36.15%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 7,587 (4.72%).[6]

As per 2001 census, Goghat II block had a total population of 143,353, out of which 73,489 were males and 69,864 were females. Goghat II block registered a population growth of 15.95 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population)nin Goghat II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Bengai (4,674), Shripur (4,727), Gar Mandaran (6,264), Shyambazar (6,291), Fului (5,984) and Selampur (4,471).[6]

Other villages in Goghat II CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Kamarpukur (3,121), Badanganj (3,865), Hazipur (3,643) and Kumarganj (1,171).[6]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Goghat II CD Block was 110,867 (77.24% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 61,756 (84.15% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 49,111 (70.02% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 14.13%.[6]

As per the 2001 census, Goghat II block had a total literacy of 51.92 per cent. While male literacy was 74.80 per cent, female literacy was 41.22 per cent.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

As per the 2001 census, Bengali is the mother tongue for 86.4 % of the population of the district followed by Hindi at 7.9%. Santali at 2.6% and Urdu at 2.0%, are the two other major languages spoken in the district. The population who reported Bengali as a mother tongue has decreased from 88.1% in 1961 to 86.4% in 2001 census whereas the population who reported Hindi as mother tongue has increased from 5.8% in 1961 to 7.9% in 2001 census.[10]

Religion in Goghat II CD Block
Hindu
83.48%
Muslim
15.48%
Others
1.04%

As per the 2011 census, majority of the population of the district belong to the Hindu community with a population share of 82.9% followed by Muslims at 15.8%. The percentage of the Hindu population of the district has followed a decreasing trend from 87.1% in 1961 to 82.9% in the latest census 2011. On the other hand, the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 12.7% in 1961 to 15.8% in 2011 census.[10]

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 134,063 and formed 83.48% of the population in Goghat II CD Block. Muslims numbered 24,860 and formed 15.48% of the population. Others numbered 1,662 and formed 1.04% of the population.[11]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Goghat II CD Block was 17.85%.[12]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Goghat II CD Block

  Cultivators (29.00%)
  Agricultural labourers (41.51%)
  Household industries (4.11%)
  Other Workers (25.38%)

In Goghat II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 29.00%, agricultural labourers 41.51%, household industry workers 4.11% and other workers 25.38%.[13]

Infrastructure

There are 110 inhabited villages in Goghat II CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 92 villages have more than one source of drinking water (tap, well, tube well, hand pump), 3 villages have only tube well/ borewell and 15 villages have only hand pump. 7 Villages have post offices, 17 villages have sub post offices and 1 villages has a post and telegraph office. 87 villages have landlines, 39 villages have public call offices and 99 villages have mobile phone coverage. 56 villages have pucca roads and 49 villages have bus service (public/ private). 19 villages have agricultural credit societies, 12 villages have commercial/ co-operative banks and 2 villages have bank ATMs.[14]

Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District
  • Zari Work on Sari - Pandua, Pursurah, Jangipara, Tarakeswar and other blocks - 3,000 families involved
  • Chikon Embroidery – Babnan, Pandua, Singur - 2,500 families involved
  • Silk and Cotton Printing – Serampore (Chanditala) - 300 families involved
  • Brass and Bell Metal – Manikpat, Goghat, Arambagh - 150 families involved
  • Conch Shell – Pandua, Khanakul, Makla, Chandannagar
  • Jute Diversified Product – Baidyabati, Mogra
  • Terracota – Chinsurah, Chandannagar, Baidyabati, Mogra

Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67

Agriculture

This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages.[15] Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba-Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.[16]

Some of the primary and other hats or markets in the Goghat I and Goghat II CD Blocks are: Amar hat, Baddangang hat, Bengali market, Ballihat, Goghat market, Hazipur hat, Khatul hat, Kamarpukur, Madina market, Shyambazar hat, Shyamballabhpur market, Badanganj hat and Dewagang hat.[17]

The Tebhaga movement launched in 1946, in 24 Parganas district, aimed at securing for the share-croppers a better position within the existing land relation structure. Although the subsequent Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Goghat II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 10.38%, patta (document) holders 17.80%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.70%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 28.23% and agricultural labourers 39.90%.[13]

Goghat II CD Block had 85 fertiliser depots, 8 seed stores and 43 fair price shops in 2013-14.[13]

In 2013-14, Goghat II CD Block produced 95,203 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 32,498 hectares, 13,351 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 4,271 hectares, 1,346 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 550 hectares and 40,723 tonnes of potatoes from 3,350 hectares. It also produced oilseeds and some wheat.[13]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Goghat I and Goghat II CD Blocks was 27,605 hectares, out of which 10,300 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 4,270 hectares by tank water, 870 hectares by river lift irrigation, 840 hectares by deep tube wells and 11,325 hectares by shallow tube wells.[13]

Banking

In 2013-14, Goghat II CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[13]

Transport

Goghat II CD Block has 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.[13] State Highway 7 (West Bengal) running from Rajgram (in Birbhum district) to Midnapore passes through this CD Block.[19]

Education

In 2013-14, Goghat II CD Block had 132 primary schools with 9,987 students, 6 middle schools with 337 students, 16 high schools with 8,321 students and 8 higher secondary schools with 8,230 students. Goghat II CD Block had 2 general colleges with 6,421 students, 1 technical/ professional institution with 37 students and 272 institutions for special and non-formal education with 9,265 students[13]

Sri Ramkrishna Sarada Vidyamahapith, a general degree college, was established at Kamarpukur in 1959.[20]

Aghorekamini Prakashchandra Mahavidyalaya, a general degree college, was established at Bengai in 1959.[21]

In Goghat II CD Block, amongst the 110 inhabited villages, 10 villages had no school, 44 villages had more than 1 primary school, 63 villages had at least 1 primary school, 37 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 25 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[14]

Healthcare

In 2014, Goghat II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 3 primary health centre and 2 private nursing homes with total 55 beds and 9 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 27 family welfare subcentres. 4,508 patients were treated indoor and 272,732 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[13]

Goghat II CD Block has Kamarpukur Rural Hospital (with 60 beds) at Kamarpukur, Jitarpur Primary Health Centre at PO Bhuskunda (with 2 beds), Taraghat PHC (with10 beds) and Badanganj PHC (with 2 beds).[22]

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Physiography, Page 17-24. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Map of Hooghly district with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Goghat II". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Hooghly district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  9. ^ "Goghat II". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  10. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Religion, Mother-tongue Pages 50-51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  11. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  12. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). Table 2.38: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Hooghly 2005, page 89. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.7, 17.2, 16.1, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  14. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Appendices to Village Directory, 2009, Pages 775-779. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  15. ^ "List of functioning Cold Storage of West Bengal District wise as on 18.01.07". West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  16. ^ "Intensive cropping with remarkable feature of Hooghly District". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  17. ^ "Primary Hats/Markets of District". Hooghly. West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  19. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  20. ^ "Sri Ramkrishna Sarada Vidyamahapith". SRSMV. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  21. ^ "Aghorekamini Prakashchandra Mahavidyalaya". AKPCM. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  22. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 July 2017.