This is a list of terms that are specific to anime and manga.
Note: Japanese words that are used in general (e.g. oniisan, kawaii and senpai) are not included on this list, unless a description with a reference for notability can be provided that shows how they relate.
bishōnen(美少年, "beautiful boy", sometimes abbreviated bishie): Japanese aesthetic concept of the ideally beautiful young man: androgynous, effeminate or gender-ambiguous. In Japan, it refers to youth with such characteristics, while in Europe and the Americas, it has become a generic term for attractively androgynous males of all ages.
chunibyo (中二病,chūnibyō, "eighth-grader syndrome"): typically used to describe early teens who have delusions of grandeur, who so desperately want to stand out that they have convinced themselves they have hidden knowledge or secret powers.[disputed – discuss]
dandere(ダンデレ): A stock love interest who is quiet and asocial. They are afraid to talk, fearing that what they say will get them in trouble. Their name is a portmanteau of danmari (黙り), meaning silence, and deredere (でれでれ).
dojikko(ドジっ子): A cute girl who tends to be clumsy. They may make mistakes that hurt themselves or others.Dojikko character traits are often used for stock characters in anime and manga series.
kemonomimi(獣耳, けものミミ, ケモノミミ): Characters with animal features such as ears and a tail, but a human body. One of the most common types is the catgirl.
kuudere: A stock love interest who is calm and collected on the outside, and never panics. They show little emotion, and in extreme cases are completely emotionless, but may be hiding their true emotions. They tend to be leaders who are always in charge of a situation. Their name is a portmanteau of the Japanese pronunciation of cool (クール), and deredere (でれでれ).
moe(萌え): Generally used for female characters, though it can refer to effeminate males in some instances. Something or someone that is considered moe is generally considered to be endearing, innocent and naive, while taking on some of the emotional qualities of adolescence generally meant to invoke a paternal feeling of protectiveness and sympathy within the viewer. The most literal translation of the word into languages other than Japanese is "fetish", though the concept of moe does not necessarily have a direct correlation to sexual preferences and often refers to works of a non-sexual nature. It can also be used to modify other words or concepts, such as meganekko-moe ("glasses-girl" moe), referring to a character who both wears glasses and has the qualities of moe.
tsundere(ツンデレ): A stock love interest who is usually stern, cold or hostile to the person they like, while occasionally letting slip the warm and loving feelings hidden inside due to being shy, nervous, insecure or simply unable to help acting badly in front of the person they like. It is a portmanteau of the Japanese terms tsuntsun (ツンツン), meaning to be stern or hostile, and deredere (でれでれ), meaning to be "lovey dovey".
yandere(ヤンデレ): A term for a person who is initially loving and caring to someone they like a lot until their romantic love, admiration and devotion becomes feisty and mentally destructive in nature through either overprotectiveness, violence, brutality or all three combined. The term is a portmanteau of the words yanderu(病んでる), meaning (mentally or emotionally) ill, and deredere(でれでれ, "lovey dovey"), meaning to show genuinely strong romantic affection. Yandere characters are mentally unstable, incredibly deranged and use extreme violence or brutality as an outlet for their emotions. Yandere are usually, but not always, female characters.
josei(女性, "woman"): Anime and manga intended for the adult female demographic.
kodomo(子供) or kodomomuke(子供向け): Anime and manga for children.
seinen(青年): Anime and manga intended for the adult male demographic.
shōjo(少女, "young woman"): Anime and manga intended for the adolescent female demographic.
shōnen(少年, "young man"): Anime and manga intended for the adolescent male demographic.
nijikon(二次コン, "2D complex"): Appeared in the early 1980s and describes the perception that two-dimensional anime, manga, and light novel characters are more attractive visually, physically or emotionally than people from the real world, or that a person is solely sexually aroused by 2D characters.
Odagiri effect: A television phenomenon in which a program attracts a larger than expected number of women viewers because the program stars attractive male actors or characters.
otaku( おたく, オタク, ヲタク): The literal translation of the word is another person's house or family (お宅,otaku). In Japanese slang, otaku is mostly equivalent to "geek" or "nerd", but in a more derogatory manner than used in the West. In 1989, the word "otaku" was shunned in relation to anime and manga after Tsutomu Miyazaki (dubbed "The Otaku Murderer") brutally killed underage girls. Since then, the word has become less negative in Japan with more people identifying themselves as some type of an otaku.
waifu / husbando: A fictional character from non-live-action visual media (typically an anime, manga or video game) to whom one is attracted or considers their significant other.
weeaboo: A derogatory slang term for an obnoxious fan of Japanese culture, originally a replacement word for "waponese" (a contraction of "wannabe" Japanese or "white" Japanese)
For a complete list of genres that covers all types of literature, see List of genres.
bakunyū(爆乳, "exploding breasts"): A genre of pornographic media focusing on the depiction of women with large breasts. With regards to bra size, bakunyū are said to be above a G75 bra size but below an M70.
bara(薔薇, "rose"): A masculine gay men's culture and, in manga circles, a genre of manga about beefcakey gay men usually by gay men. Compare with the female-created Boys' Love. Also known as gay manga (ゲイ コミ,geikomi, "gay comics")
Boys' Love (ボーイズラブ,Bōizu Rabu): Abbreviated "BL", male homosexual content aimed at women, currently in general use in Japan to cover yaoi and shōnen-ai'.
harem: A subgenre of anime and manga characterized by an ordinary guy surrounded by a group of women with some being potential love interests. An ordinary girl surrounded by guys is a reverse harem.
isekai(異世界, "different world"): A subgenre of manga and anime in which characters are transported or reincarnated into an alternate world.
lolicon (ロリコン,rorikon): Portmanteau for "lolita complex". A genre of manga and anime in which childlike female characters are depicted in an erotic manner.
mecha: anime and manga that feature robots (mecha) in battle. Series that feature mecha are divided into two subgenres: "super robots", where the mecha have unrealistic powers and the focus is more on the fighting and robots themselves, and "real robots", where the mecha have more realistic powers and there is more drama and focus on the mecha's pilots.
shōjo-ai(少女愛, "girls love"): Manga or anime that focus on romances between women.
shōnen-ai(少年愛, "boys love"): A term denoting male homosexual content in women's media, although this usage is obsolete in Japan. English-speakers frequently use it for material without explicit sex, in anime, manga and related fan fiction. In Japan, it denotes ephebophilia.
shotacon (ショタコン,shotakon): A genre of manga and anime wherein childlike male characters are depicted in an erotic manner.
yaoi(やおい): Anime or manga with a focus on homosexual male relationships. Also known as Boys Love. Japanese acronym for "yama nashi, ochi nashi, imi nashi" (no climax, no point, no meaning). Male-on-male sexual content; usually created by women for women.
yuri(百合): Anime or manga with a focus on lesbian relationships. In Japan, the term denotes a broad spectrum of attraction between women. It is also used for sexually explicit content outside Japan, and is more explicit than shojo-ai.
dub: When the voices in an anime are translated into another language.
eyecatch (アイキャッチ,aikyatchi): A scene or illustration used to begin and end a commercial break in a Japanese TV program, similar to commercial bumpers in the United States.
eroge (エロゲー,erogē): An eroge, a portmanteau of erotic game (エロチックゲーム,erochikku gēmu), is a Japanese video or computer game that features erotic content, usually in the form of anime-style artwork.Eroge originated from galge that added adult content rated 18+.
fan service (ファンサービス,fan sābisu): Elements specifically included to sexually amuse (such as scantily-clad or naked males or females, or ecchi content) or titillate the audience, which may or may not be necessary to plot development.
galge (ギャルゲ,garuge): This is a type of Japanese video game centered around interactions with attractive anime-style girls. These games are a subgenre of dating sims targeted towards a male audience.
gekiga(劇画, "dramatic pictures): A term adopted by more serious Japanese cartoonists, who did not want their work to be associated with manga. It is akin to English speakers who prefer the term "graphic novel", as opposed to "comic book".
gensakusha(原作者, "original author"): A term used by derivative works to credit the original creator of a series. It is also used to refer to the writer of a manga, as opposed to its illustrator.
guro: A type of anime, manga or game which includes violence, torture and sometimes death of the character. The purpose of the violence is to increase pleasure of the audience, reader or player who likes that kind of genre. Sometimes it's also synonymous with the hentai phrase, ero guro.[original research?]
hentai(変態, "pervert"): A term used outside of Japan to describe erotic or pornographic manga and anime. In Japan, terms such as "ero manga" and "ero anime" are used to describe the genre.
juné(ジュネ): A manga or text story with male homosexual themes written for women in an aesthetic (耽美,tanbi) style, named so because of the Juné magazine.
kabedon(壁ドン): When a person slaps or leans against the wall and the other person has nowhere to go. This has become popular as a "clever move of confession"
lemon (レモン,remon): Derived from the hentai anthology series Cream Lemon (くりいむレモン,Kurīmu Remon), the term is used to refer to material with explicit sexual content.
mangaka(漫画家, マンガ家): Manga artist. A creator of manga; this can refer to both the writer and illustrator of the work.
name (ネーム,Nēmu): A rough draft of a proposed manga. Also known as a manga storyboard.
omake(おまけ, オマケ , "extra"): An add-on bonus to anime and manga, like a regular "extra" on western DVDs; or a bonus strip at the end of a manga chapter or volume.
Original net animation (ONA): An anime production intended to be distributed through the internet via streaming or direct download.
otome game (乙女ゲーム,otome gēmu, lit. "maiden game"): A video game that is targeted towards a female market, where one of the main goals, besides the plot goal, is to develop a romantic relationship between the player character (a female) and one of several male characters.
Original video animation (OVA): A type of anime which is intended to be distributed on VHS tapes or DVDs and not shown in movies or on television. It is also less frequently referred to as Original Animated Video (OAV). DVDs are sometimes known as Original Animated DVD (OAD).
raw: Anime episode or manga scans in its original language without editing or subtitles.
ryona(リョナ), portmanteau: "ryōki" (猟奇, "seeking the bizarre"); "onanī" (オナニー, "masturbation"): a Japanese term for a sexual complex. This a fetish revolves around a victim, almost exclusively a female, being physically assaulted or psychologically abused by an offender. It differs from sadism in that it is a voyeuristic fantasy fetish with focus towards fictional characters from video games, anime, manga, television and movies that include battering, abusing or otherwise killing women. In case the victim is male it is often labeled as gyaku-ryona (逆リョナ).
seiyū(声優): A Japanese voice actor. As well as voicing characters in anime, seiyū do voicing for video games, radio shows, drama CDs, and other media.
yonkoma(4コマ漫画, "four cell manga"): Refers to manga drawn in a four-panel comic strip format.
zettai ryōiki(絶対領域, "absolute territory"): Refers to the area of exposed thigh when a girl is wearing a short skirt and thigh-high socks. The ideal skirt:thigh:sock-above-knee ratio is often reported to be 4:1:2.5. Zettai ryōiki are often referred to by letter grades, where grade A is the ideal.
^Levi, Antonia; McHarry, Mark; Pagliassotti, Dru (2008). Boys' Love Manga: Essays on the Sexual Ambiguity and Cross-cultural Fandom of the Genre. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 257. ISBN9780786441952.
^NAGAIKE, KAZUMI (2015). Boys Love Manga and Beyond: History, Culture, and Community in Japan. DO HETEROSEXUAL MEN DREAM OF HOMOSEXUAL MEN?: BL Fudanshi and Discourse on Male Feminization: University Press of Mississippi. pp. 189–209. JSTORj.ctt13x1spg.