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Globuloviridae

Globuloviridae
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Phylum: incertae sedis
Class: incertae sedis
Order: incertae sedis
Family: Globuloviridae
Genera
  • Globulovirus

Globuloviridae is a family of hyperthermophilic archaeal viruses. Crenarchaea of the genera Pyrobaculum and Thermoproteus serve as natural hosts. There are currently only two species in this family, Pyrobaculum spherical virus and Thermoproteus tenax spherical virus 1, included into a single genus, Globulovirus.[1][2]

Taxonomy

Group: dsDNA

[1]

Structure

Virions in the Globuloviridae are spherical and enveloped. The diameter is around 100 nm. Genomes are linear dsDNA and non-segmented, around 20-30kb in length.[1][2]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation
Globulovirus Spherical Enveloped Linear Monopartite

Life cycle

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. DNA-templated transcription is the method of transcription. Pyrobaculum and Thermoproteus archaea serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are passive diffusion.[1]

Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission
Globulovirus Pyrobaculum and Thermoproteus archaea None Injection Budding Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Passive diffusion

References

  1. ^ a b c d Prangishvili, D; Krupovic, M; ICTV Report Consortium (2018). "ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Globuloviridae". The Journal of General Virology. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001123. PMID 30091697.
  2. ^ a b "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  • Häring M, Peng X, Brügger K, Rachel R, Stetter KO, Garrett RA, Prangishvili D (2004). "Morphology and genome organization of the virus PSV of the hyperthermophilic archaeal genera Pyrobaculum and Thermoproteus: a novel virus family, the Globuloviridae". Virology. 323 (2): 233&ndash, 242. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2004.03.002. PMID 15193919.

External links