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Global Association of International Sports Federations

Global Association of International Sports Federations
Global Association of International Sports Federations.png
AbbreviationGAISF
Formation1967; 52 years ago (1967)
TypeSports organization
HeadquartersLausanne, Switzerland
Membership
94 full members and
21 associate members.
Official language
English, French
President
Vacant
WebsiteGAIFS

Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF; previously SportAccord) is the umbrella organisation for all (Olympic and non-Olympic) international sports federations as well as organisers of multi-sports games and sport-related international associations.[1][2] GAISF is an international sport organisation with 94 full members (international sports federations governing specific sports worldwide) and 21 associate members (organisations which conduct activities closely related to the international sports federations).[2]

GAISF Council

The council is composed of a president, two vice-presidents, a treasurer and five members.

Designation Name Country Sport Federation
President Vacant International Basketball Federation
Vice-President Dr. Raffaele Chiulli  Italy World Federation of Powerboating
Mr. Stephan Fox  Germany/ Australia International Federation of Muaythai Amateur
Treasurer Mrs. Marisol Casado  Spain International Triathlon Union
Council Members Mr. Gian-Franco Kasper   Switzerland International Ski Federation
Mr. Riccardo Fraccari  Italy World Baseball Softball Confederation
Ms. Kate Caithness  Scotland/ United Kingdom World Curling Federation
Mr. Nenad Lalović  Serbia United World Wrestling
Mr. José Perurena López  Spain International Canoe Federation

Mission and values

GAISF is the umbrella organisation for both Olympic and non-Olympic international sports federations, as well as organisers of international sporting events. In this role it provides expertise in, for example, anti-doping, integrity and social responsibility.[2]

By establishing multi-sports games that group together similar sports, GAISF aims to promote the members and the members' visibility.[2]

Definition of sport

GAISF has developed a definition of sport to determine whether an applicant federation qualifies as an international sports federation.

GAISF's definition of sport is the following definition:[3][4]

  • The sport proposed should include an element of competition.
  • The sport should not rely on any element of “luck” specifically integrated into the sport.
  • The sport should not be judged to pose an undue risk to the health and safety of its athletes or participants.
  • The sport proposed should in no way be harmful to any living creature.
  • The sport should not rely on equipment that is provided by a single supplier.

GAISF uses five categories for its member federations' sports, many of which fall into more than one category:

Membership

Member international federations can be either full or associate members of GAISF.[5]

History

GAISF is deeply rooted in the sports movement. As early as 1921, international sports federations (IFs) expressed the need for a representative of their common objectives and interests. Under the direction of Paul Rousseau, Secretary General of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), a permanent bureau of the IFs was established to facilitate dialogue with the Olympic authorities.[citation needed]

In 1967, 26 international sports federations met in Lausanne, agreed on the need to increase permanent liaisons, and adopted the name, “General Assembly of International Sports Federations”. In order to establish a more formalised organisation, the “General Association of International Sports Federations" (GAISF) was formed in 1976, and the headquarters were moved to Monaco two years later.

The new millennium brought important changes to the organisation. Reacting to the increasing pressure on IFs to professionalise and develop, GAISF, in collaboration with the Associations of Summer and Winter Olympic International Federations (ASOIF and AIOWF), launched the first SportAccord International Convention in 2003. This new format “by sport for sport” allowed IFs and sports business to get together, share knowledge and network.

In March 2009, GAISF was rebranded SportAccord and, in the same year, its offices moved from Monaco to Lausanne, the Olympic capital. SportAccord adopted the motto "Unite & Support" with the aim to serve and promote its members. Its ambition is to provide high-quality services and expertise in areas that are of most importance to its members.

In April 2017, following the former president Marius Vizer's controversial attack against IOC president Thomas Bach during the opening SportAccord's 2015 convention in Sochi and his subsequent resignation, the organization rebranded back to GAISF under its new president Patrick Baumann.[6]

1920s

As early as 1921, under the direction of Paul Rousseau, Secretary General of the “Union Cycliste Internationale”, a permanent bureau of the international sports federations (IFs) was created. With regular IFs/IOC meetings taking place, dialogue with the Olympic authorities became easier. However, organisations that were not part of the Olympic movement were excluded.

1960s

In the 1960s, the sports movement evolved rapidly. Roger Coulon, President of the “Fédération Internationale de Lutte Amateur”, was the first to express the need for a wider recognition of the role of IFs. For non-Olympic federations, a forum that would enable them to better express their points of view was necessary. The creation of a stable organisation ensuring permanent relations between IFs appeared to be the logical continuation of their meetings, which had taken place frequently but without rules or a fixed organisation. The common preparation of these meetings with the IOC could thus be better supported. It also permitted a constant liaison between the IFs and the general population. In 1966, the time seemed appropriate, and the conversion to the newly constituted Assembly was launched.

1967

On 21–23 April 1967, delegates from the following 26 international sports federations met in Lausanne in the Hotel Continental: Aeronautics, Rowing, Basketball, Bobsleigh, Boules, Canoeing, Cycling, Equestrian, Fencing, Gymnastics, Handball, Hockey, Ice Hockey, Judo, Luge, Wrestling, Motorcycling, Swimming, Modern Pentathlon, Roller Skating, Skiing, Shooting, Volleyball, Weightlifting, University Sport, and Maccabi.

The delegates agreed on the necessity to establish permanent liaisons between the IFs for the defence of their objectives and common goals, the preservation of their autonomy, and constant exchange of information. The name “General Assembly of International Sports Federations” was adopted.

In 1976, this name was replaced by “General Association of International Sports Federations” (GAISF). In 1978, the office moved from Lausanne to Monaco. GAISF represented the extension of the past meetings of the IFs, dealing not only with Olympic matters, but also with all questions of common interest for the IFs.

2000s

In 2003, in collaboration with ASOIF and AIOWF, GAISF launched the first SportAccord Convention to answer a need of the IFs, which were looking for a “one-stop shop” where they could hold their annual meetings, be encouraged to network and share their knowledge.

In March 2009, GAISF was rebranded SportAccord at the meeting of the 7th SportAccord International Convention in Denver. In April 2009, it moved its main office from Monaco to Maison du Sport International in Lausanne, Switzerland.[7]

On May 25, 2012, the last of eight days of the annual General Assembly of SportAccord in Quebec City, the Federation of International Lacrosse and the International Mind Sports Association were accepted, bringing the number of SportAccord members to 107.[8]

On May 31, 2013, the last of eight days of the annual General Assembly of SportAccord in Saint Petersburg, the International Cheer Union and the Federation Internationale de l'Automobile were voted into SportAccord.[9]

On April 20, 2015, at SportAccord's 2015 convention in Sochi, SportAccord president Marius Vizer made a speech that was sharply critical of the IOC and its president, Thomas Bach. Following the speech, the IAAF, the ISSF, and World Archery withdrew from SportAccord in protest,[10] and there were a number of further withdrawals in May 2015, including the International Rowing Federation.[11]

At the 2017 convention in Aarhus, Federation Internationale du Sport Universitaire (FISU) and Federation of International Bandy (FIB) became full members[12] and Sportaccord was renamed GAISF.

Member federations

# Sport Logo Organisation Acronym Founded Membership
IOC ASOIF AIOWF ARISF IWGA
1 Aikido Aikido pictogram.svg International Aikido Federation IAF 1976
2 Air sports Paragliding pictogram.svg Hang Gliding pictogram.svg Air sports pictogram.svg Gliding pictogram.svg Ballooning pictogram.svg Aeromodelling pictogram.svg Fédération Aéronautique Internationale FAI 1905
3 American football American football pictogram.svg International Federation of American Football IFAF 1998
4 Aquatics Diving pictogram.svg Open water swimming pictogram.svg Swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Water polo pictogram.svg High Diving pictogram.svg Federation Internationale de Natation FINA 1908
5 Archery[13] Archery pictogram.svg World Archery Federation WA 1931
6 Armwrestling World Armwrestling Federation WAF 1977
7 Athletics[13] Athletics pictogram.svg International Association of Athletics Federations IAAF 1912
8 Automobile racing F1 pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile FIA 1904
9 Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton World Federation BWF 1934
10 Bandy Bandy pictogram.svg Federation of International Bandy FIB 1955
11 Baseball and softball Baseball pictogram.svg Softball pictogram.svg World Baseball Softball Confederation WBSC 2013
12 Basketball 3x3 basketball pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg Federation Internationale de Basketball FIBA 1932
13 Basque pelota Basque pelota pictogram.svg Federación Internacional de Pelota Vasca FIPV 1929
14 Biathlon Biathlon pictogram.svg International Biathlon Union IBU 1993
15 Billiard sports Cue sports pictogram.svg World Confederation of Billiards Sports WCBS 1992
16 Bobsleigh Bobsleigh pictogram.svg Skeleton pictogram.svg International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation IBSF 1923
17 Bodybuilding Bodybuilding pictogram.svg International Federation of Bodybuilding & Fitness IFBB 1946
18 Boules Boules sports pictogram.svg Confédération Mondiale des Sports de Boules CMSB 1985
19 Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg World Bowling WB 1952
20 Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg International Boxing Association AIBA 1946
21 Bridge Contract bridge pictogram.svg World Bridge Federation WBF 1958
22 Canoeing Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg International Canoe Federation ICF 1946
23 Casting Casting pictogram.svg International Casting Sport Federation ICSF 1955
24 Cheer Cheerleading pictogram.svg International Cheer Union ICU 2004
25 Chess Chess (game) pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale des Échecs FIDE 1924
26 Climbing & Mountaineering Mountaineering pictogram (2).svg Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme UIAA 1932
27 Cricket Cricket pictogram.svg International Cricket Council ICC 1909
28 Curling Curling pictogram.svg World Curling Federation WCF 1966
29 Cycling BMX freestyle pictogram.svg Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Indoor cycling pictogram.svg Union Cycliste Internationale UCI 1900
30 DanceSport DanceSport pictogram.svg World DanceSport Federation WDSF 1957
31 Darts Darts pictogram.svg World Darts Federation WDF 1974
32 Dragon Boat Dragon boat pictogram.svg International Dragon Boat Federation IDBF 1991
33 Draughts Draughts pictogram.svg Fédération Mondiale du Jeu de Dames FMJD 1947
34 Equestrian sports Equestrian Dressage pictogram.svg Equestrian Eventing pictogram.svg Equestrian Jumping pictogram.svg Fédération Équestre Internationale FEI 1921
35 Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale d'Escrime FIE 1913
36 Fistball Fistball pictogram.svg International Fistball Association IFA 1960
37 Floorball Floorball pictogram.svg International Floorball Federation IFF 1986
38 Flying disc Ultimate pictogram.svg Frisbee pictogram.png World Flying Disc Federation WFDF 1985
39 Football Football pictogram.svg Futsal pictogram.svg Beach soccer pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale de Football Association FIFA 1904
40 Go Go (game) pictogram.svg International Go Federation IGF 1982
41 Golf Golf pictogram.svg International Golf Federation IGF 1958
42 Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svgGymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (aerobic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (acrobatic) pictogram.svg Federation Internationale de Gymnastique FIG 1881
43 Handball Handball pictogram.svg Beach handball pictogram.svg International Handball Federation IHF 1946
44 Field hockey Field hockey pictogram.svg International Hockey Federation FIH 1924
45 Ice hockey Ice hockey pictogram.svg International Ice Hockey Federation IIHF 1908
46 Ice stock sport Ice stock sport pictogram.svg International Federation Icestocksport IFI 1975
47 Judo Judo pictogram.svg International Judo Federation IJF 1951
48 Ju-Jitsu Jujitsu pictogram.svg Ju-Jitsu International Federation JJIF 1977
49 Karate Karate pictogram.svg World Karate Federation WKF 1970
50 Kendo Kendo pictogram.svg International Kendo Federation FIK 1970
51 Kickboxing Kickboxing pictogram.svg World Association of Kickboxing Organizations WAKO 1976
52 Korfball Korfball pictogram.svg International Korfball Federation IKF 1963
53 Lacrosse Lacrosse pictogram.svg Federation of International Lacrosse FIL 2008
54 Lifesaving Lifesaving pictogram.svg International Life Saving Federation ILS 1993
55 Luge Luge pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course FIL 1957
56 Minigolf Minigolf pictogram.svg World Minigolf Sport Federation WMF 1963
57 Modern pentathlon Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne UIPM 1912
58 Motorcycle racing Sinnbild Kraftrad.svg Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme FIM 1904
59 Muaythai Muay Thai pictogram.svg International Federation of Muaythai Amateur IFMA 1993
60 Netball Netball pictogram.svg International Federation of Netball Associations IFNA 1960
61 Orienteering Orienteering pictogram.svg International Orienteering Federation IOF 1961
62 Polo Polo pictogram.svg Federation of International Polo FIP 1983
63 Powerboating Pictograms-nps-water-motorboating.svg Union Internationale Motonautique UIM 1927
64 Powerlifting Powerlifting pictogram (Paralympics).svg International Powerlifting Federation IPF 1971
65 Racquetball Racquets pictogram.svg International Racquetball Federation IRF 1950
66 Roller sports Inline speed skating pictogram.svg Skateboarding pictogram.svg Artistic roller skating pictogram.svg Inline hockey pictogram.svg Roller hockey pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale de Roller Sports FIRS 1924
67 Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron FISA 1892
68 Rugby union Rugby Sevens pictogram.svg Rugby union pictogram.svg World Rugby WR 1886
69 Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg International Sailing Federation ISAF 1907
70 Sambo Sambo pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale de Sambo FIAS 1992
71 Savate Muay Thai pictogram.svg Federation Internationale de Savate FISav 1992
72 Sepaktakraw Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg International Sepaktakraw Federation ISTAF 1988
73 Shooting sport[13] Shooting pictogram.svg International Shooting Sport Federation ISSF 1907
74 Skating Figure skating pictogram.svg Speed skating pictogram.svg Short track speed skating pictogram.svg International Skating Union ISU 1892
75 Skiing Cross country skiing pictogram.svg Alpine skiing pictogram.svg Ski jumping pictogram.svg Nordic combined pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Snowboarding pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale de Ski FIS 1924
76 Ski mountaineering Ski mountaineering pictogram.svg International Ski Mountaineering Federation ISMF 2008
77 Sleddog International Federation of Sleddog Sports IFSS 1992
78 Soft tennis Soft tennis pictogram.svg International Soft Tennis Federation ISTF 1999
79 Sport climbing Climbing pictogram.svg International Federation of Sport Climbing IFSC 2007
80 Sports fishing Pictograms-nps-fishing.svg Confédération Internationale de la Pêche Sportive CIPS 1952
81 Squash Squash pictogram.svg World Squash Federation WSF 1967
82 Sumo Sumo pictogram.svg International Sumo Federation IFS 1992
83 Surfing Surfing pictogram.svg International Surfing Association ISA 1964
84 Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg International Table Tennis Federation ITTF 1926
85 Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg World Taekwondo WT 1973
86 Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg International Tennis Federation ITF 1913
87 Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg International Triathlon Union ITU 1989
88 Tug of war Tug of war pictogram.svg Tug of War International Federation TWIF 1960
89 Underwater sports Finswimming pictogram.svg Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques CMAS 1959
90 Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Fédération Internationale de Volleyball FIVB 1947
91 Waterskiing Water skiing pictogram.svg International Waterski & Wakeboard Federation IWWF 1955
92 Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg International Weightlifting Federation IWF 1905
93 Wrestling Wrestling pictogram.svg United World Wrestling UWW 1912
94 Wushu Wushu pictogram.svg International Wushu Federation IWUF 1990
72 28 7 37 37

Associate members

Multi-sport events
Other

List of GAISF presidents

President Member of Duration
W Berge Phillips FINA 1967–1969
Thomas Keller FISA 1969–1986
Un Yong Kim WTF 1986–2004
Hein Verbruggen UCI 2004–2013
Marius Vizer IJF 2013–2015
Gian-Franco Kasper (Acting President) FIS 2015–2016
Patrick Baumann FIBA 2016–2018

Current organizational structure

President Vice president Vice president General director
Francesco Ricci Bitti Raffaele Chiulli Stephan Fox Nis Hatt

The SportAccord International Convention

Originally launched in 2003, SportAccord International Convention is a gathering of more than 2,500 leading representatives from the sports industry. It offers its participants an opportunity to come together on a global scale in order to network, build relationships, share knowledge and develop ideas that will benefit the entire community.[14]

Unlike any other event of its type, SportAccord International Convention is owned and endorsed by the sports movement itself. It was created and is owned by SportAccord, the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF) and the Association of International Olympic Winter Federations (AIOWF). Over the past decade, SportAccord International Convention has become one of the key fixtures on the worldwide sporting calendar. It allows associations and the international sports federations to increase efficiency by holding all their annual meetings at the same time and place. It also serves as a commercial platform at which the sports industry can have access to the world governing bodies of sport and their key decision-makers.[15]

SAIC Dates Host City
1st May 12–16, 2003 Spain Madrid, Spain
2nd May 15–20, 2004 Switzerland Lausanne, Switzerland[16]
3rd April 16–20, 2005 Germany Berlin, Germany
4th April 3–7, 2006 South Korea Seoul, South Korea[17]
5th April 22–27, 2007 China Beijing, China (#1)[18]
6th June 2–6, 2008 Greece Athens, Greece[19][20][21]
7th March 23–27, 2009[22][23] United States Denver, United States[24][25]
8th April 20–25, 2010[26] United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates[27][28]
9th April 3–8, 2011[29] United Kingdom London, United Kingdom[30][31]
10th May 20–25, 2012[32] Canada Quebec City, Canada[33][34]
11th May 26–31, 2013[35] Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia[36]
12th April 6–11, 2014[37] Turkey Belek, Turkey[38]
13th April 19–24, 2015[39] Russia Sochi, Russia[40]
14th April 17–22, 2016 Switzerland Lausanne, Switzerland[41]
15th April 2–7, 2017 Denmark Aarhus, Denmark[42]
16th April 15–20, 2018 Thailand Bangkok, Thailand[43]
17th May 5–10, 2019 Australia Gold Coast, Australia[44]
18th April 19–24, 2020 China Beijing, China (#2)[45]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Members". SportAccord – International Federations' Union (sportaccord.com). 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-08-13.
  2. ^ a b c d "MISSION". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Definition of Sport". SportAccord. Archived December 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Zweig, Eric; Young, Shalise Manza (2016). Everything Sports: All the Photos, Facts, and Fun to Make You Jump!. 1145 17th St. N.W., Washington, DC 20036-4688: National Geographic Society. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4263-2333-1.
  5. ^ "Associate Membership". SportAccord. 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-08-13.
  6. ^ "Welcome to the new GAISF website". GAISF. Retrieved 2017-09-18.
  7. ^ "History of SportAccord". SportAccord. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  8. ^ "Federation of International Lacrosse and International Mind Sports Association are new SportAccord Members". SportAccord. 25 May 2012.
  9. ^ "International Cheer Union and Federation Internationale de l'Automobile are new SportAccord Members". SportAccord. 31 May 2013.
  10. ^ Livingstone, Robert. "SportAccord Counts Its Losses After Chief's Attack on Olympics Backfires". GamesBids.com. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  11. ^ "World Rowing resigns from SportAccord". insidethegames. 20 May 2015.
  12. ^ SportAccord changes name to Global Association of International Sports Federations
  13. ^ a b c The IAAF, ISSF and World Archery Federation withdrew from SportAccord on April 20, 2015.
  14. ^ Convention History[?]. SportAccord Convention.[page needed]
  15. ^ "SportAccord International Convention". Retrieved 2011-09-16.[full citation needed]
  16. ^ "Lausanne To Host 2004 SportAccord Convention" (PDF). SportAccord. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  17. ^ "The World Meets In Seoul" (PDF). Around the Rings. April 2006. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  18. ^ "Countdown to Beijing" (PDF). Around the Rings. April 2007. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  19. ^ "Athens hosted the most successful edition of SportAccord". Athens Convention Bureau (English). Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  20. ^ "SportAccord 2008 tightens focus on cities". Sport Business. Archived from the original on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  21. ^ "Athens Hosts Sixth Edition of SportAccord" (PDF). Around the Rings. June 2008. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  22. ^ "Sportaccord 2009 Kicks Off in Denver". Around the Rings. March 23, 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  23. ^ "Denver Global Program (in .pdf)" (PDF). SportAccord. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  24. ^ "Denver is first North American city to host SportAccord conference". Metro Denver. Archived from the original on 2011-08-24. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  25. ^ "Around the Rings Special Edition - SportAccord Denver" (PDF). Around the Rings. March 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  26. ^ "Dubai Global Program (in .pdf)" (PDF). SportAccord. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  27. ^ "Dubai to host SportAccord in 2010". Sport Business. Archived from the original on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  28. ^ "Around the Rings Special Edition - Dubai" (PDF). Around the Rings. April 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  29. ^ "Registration opens for 2011 SportAccord Convention in London". london.gov.uk. October 4, 2010. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  30. ^ "London To Host SportAccord Convention". London Press Service. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  31. ^ "Around the Rings SportAccord Special Edition" (PDF). Around the Rings. April 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
  32. ^ "SportAccord Convention Selects Iconic Quebec Hotel". Around the Rings. June 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  33. ^ "SportAccord Convention 2012 Awarded to Québec City". Canadian Sport Tourism Alliance. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
  34. ^ "The ATR SportAccord 2012 Special Edition". Around the Rings. May 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  35. ^ "Saint Petersburg to host 2013 SportAccord Convention". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  36. ^ Around the Rings Special Edition about 2013 SportAccord Convention
  37. ^ "SportAccord convention 2013 draws record attendance". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  38. ^ "Conferences Convention - SportAccord 2014 to Turkey". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  39. ^ "Dates for 2015 SportAccord International Convention in Sochi announced". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  40. ^ "Sochi to host 2015 SportAccord International Convention". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  41. ^ "Where Sports Meet". Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  42. ^ "SportAccord Convention 2017 awarded to Aarhus in Denmark". Retrieved 2016-04-19.
  43. ^ "Bangkok awarded 2018 SportAccord Convention". Retrieved 2017-04-04.
  44. ^ "Gold Coast to host 2019 SportAccord Summit". Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  45. ^ "Beijing named host of SportAccord in 2020". Retrieved 2018-11-05.

External links