|Location||Tell Telloh, Dhi Qar Province, Iraq|
Girsu was possibly inhabited in the Ubaid period (5300-4800 BC), but significant levels of activity began in the Early Dynastic period (2900-2335 BC). At the time of Gudea, during the Second Dynasty of Lagash, Girsu became the capital of the Lagash kingdom and continued to be its religious center after political power had shifted to city of Lagash. During the Ur III period, Girsu was a major administrative center for the empire. After the fall of Ur, Girsu declined in importance, but remained inhabited until approximately 200 BC.
Telloh was the first Sumerian site to be extensively excavated, at first under the French vice-consul at Basra, Ernest de Sarzec, from 1877 to 1900, followed by his successor Gaston Cros from 1903–1909. Excavations continued under Abbé Henri de Genouillac in 1929–1931 and under André Parrot in 1931–1933. It was at Girsu that the fragments of the Stele of the Vultures were found. The site has suffered from poor excavation standards and also from illegal excavations. About 50,000 cuneiform tablets have been recovered from the site. Excavations at Tello have now resumed as part of a training program for Iraqi archaeologists organized by the American Schools of Oriental Research. A foundation tablet and a number of inscribed building cones have been found.
Ubaid IV pottery gobelet, 4700-4200 BC Tello, ancient Girsu. Louvre Museum.
Ubaid IV pottery jars 4700-4200 BC Tello, ancient Girsu, Louvre Museum.
Ubaid IV pottery 4700-4200 BC Tello, ancient Girsu, Louvre Museum AO 15338.
Female figurines Ubaid IV, Tello, ancient Girsu, 4700-4200 BC. Louvre Museum AO15327.
Uruk period vase. Terracotta, ca. 3500–2900 BC. From Telloh, ancient city of Girsu. Louvre Museum.
Vase. Terracotta with red slip, ca. 3500–2900 BC. From Telloh, ancient city of Girsu. Louvre Museum.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Girsu.|