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German National Socialist Workers' Party (Czechoslovakia)

German National Socialist Workers' Party

Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei
LeaderHans Knirsch
FoundedNovember 1919 (1919-11)
Dissolved11 December 1933 (1933-12-11)
Preceded byGerman Workers' Party
Succeeded bySudeten German Party
Paramilitary wingVolkssport
Political positionFar-right

The German National Socialist Workers' Party (German: Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei, DNSAP, Czech: Německá národně socialistická strana dělnická) was a protofascist party of Germans in Czechoslovakia, successor of the German Workers' Party (DAP) from Austria-Hungary. It was founded in November 1919 in Duchcov. Most important party activists were Hans Knirsch, Hans Krebs, Adam Fahrner, Rudolf Jung and Josef Patzel. In May 1932 it had 1,024 local chapters with 61,000 members.[1]

Unlike the successive sister party in Austria, which only played a marginal role in Austrian politics, the Czechoslovak branch was able to attract a considerable number of votes because of the large Sudeten German minority in Czechoslovakia. In elections, it worked together with the Deutsche Nationalpartei (DNP). The party advocated cultural and territorial autonomy and anti-clericalism. It also showed anti-semitic tendencies.[2] It organized fascist militia Volkssport. In October 1933 it was banned by the Czechoslovak government on the grounds of its anti-state activities.[1] It was officially dissolved on 11 November 1933. DNSAP was succeeded by the Sudeten German Party.


  1. ^ a b Klimek 2003, 219.
  2. ^ Šebek 2000, 270.


  • Klimek, Antonín (2003). Vítejte v první republice. Praha: Havran. ISBN 80-86515-33-8.
  • Šebek, Jaroslav (2000). "Německé politické strany v ČSR 1918-1938". In Pavel Marek; et al. (eds.). Přehled politického stranictví na území českých zemí a Československa vletech 1861-1998. Olomouc: Katedra politologie a evropských studií FFUP. pp. 266–278. ISBN 80-86200-25-6.

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