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Genryaku

Genryaku (元暦) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Juei and before Bunji. This period spanned the years from April 1184 through August 1185.[1] The reigning emperors were Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇) and Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • 1184 Genryaku gannen (元暦元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Juei 3, on the 16th day of the 4th month of 1184.[3]

Events of the Genryaku era

  • 1185 (Genryaku 2, 24th day of the 3rd month): the Taira (also known as the Heike) and the Minamoto clashed in the Battle of Dan-no-ura; and the Heike were utterly defeated.[4]
  • 1185 (Genryaku 2, 9th day of the 7th month): Great earthquake caused turmoil in the capital and in the neighboring provinces.[4]

References

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Genryaku" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 239, p. 239, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File[permanent dead link].
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 207-221; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 334-339; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 215-220.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 337.
  4. ^ a b Kitagawa, Hiroshi et al. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 787.
Sources
  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Juei
Era or nengō
Genryaku

1184–1185
Succeeded by
Bunji