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Gaya–Mughalsarai section

Gaya–Mughalsarai section
including Arrah-Sasaram and Son Nagar-Barkakana branch lines
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh
Termini Gaya
Mughalsarai
Stations 31
Operation
Opened 1907
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) East Central Railway
Technical
Line length 197 km (122 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Electrification electrified in 1962
Operating speed up to 160 km/h (99 mph)
Route map

km
km
Mughalsarai
000
Ganikhwaja
009
Chandauli Majhwar
017
Saidraja
026
Karamnasa
034
Dhanichha
039
0
Arrah
Durgaoti
046
19
Garhani
Bhabua Road
055
24
Samraon
Muthani
060
29
Charpokhari Halt
Pusauli
067
37
Piro
Kudra
078
47
Hasan Bazar Halt
Khurmabad Road Halt
084
56
Bikramganj
Shiusagar Road
089
63
Mani Halt
Kumhau
094
68
Sanjhauli Halt
Sasaram
097
102
77
Garhnoka
87
Khairadih Halt
Karwandiya
109
Pahleja Halt
115
120
Dehri-on-Sone
Nehru Setu bridge
across Son River
Son Nagar
000
126
Son Nagar
Bagaha Bishnupur
009
131
Chirailla Halt
Ankorha Akorha
016
136
Anugrah Narayan Rd
Barki Salaiya
018
145
Phesar
Nabinagar Road
034
151
Baghoikusa
156
Jakhim
Kajrat Nawadih
042
168
Rafiganj
Japla
050
177
Ismailpur
Haidarnagar
057
183
Gurau
Kosiara
062
189
Paraiya
Mohammadganj
068
195
Kastha
Satbahani
075
205
Gaya
Untare Road
080
Karkatta
086
Sigsigi
090
to Chopan
Garhwa Road
097
Tolra
102
Lalgarh Halt
108
Rajhura
112
Kajri
124
Daltonganj
130
Chianki
137
Kechki
145
Mangra Halt
to Ambikapur (planned)
Barwadih
157
Chhipadohar
166
Hehegara Halt
174
Kumendi
841
Bendi
192
Latehar
198
Demu
204
Richuguta
212
Chetar
220
Tori
230
Mahuamilan
243
McCluskieganj
252
Pipawar CPP/CHP
& colliery sidings
Khalari cement plant
Khalari
258
Hesalong colliery
Ray
267
Hendegir
279
Tokisud
287
Patratu
294
Sayal, Giddi &
Religara collieries
Bhurkunda
303
Barkakana
313
to Ranchi
(under construction)
Tatanagar–Barkakana line

The Gaya–Mughalsarai section is a railway line connecting Gaya and Mughalsarai. This 197-kilometre (122 mi) track is part of the Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. This section includes Arrah-Sasaram and Son Nagar branch lines. It is under the jurisdiction of East Central Railway.

Grand Chord

Ever since the railway connection of Delhi with Howrah in 1866, the East Indian Railway Company was making regular efforts to reduce the distance of the Howrah–Delhi main line. After a survey in 1888-89 and two more subsequently, a route was determined from Dhanbad to Mughal Sarai via Koderma and Gaya. The major works in this section were a bridge across the Son River at Dehri, and tunnelling and ghat line construction between Gurpa and Gujhandi.[1] The Grand Chord was opened in 1907. Even when the Grand Chord was under construction, the Son Nagar-Daltonganj branch line was opened in 1902.[2]

Bridging the Soane/Son

The total length of the Upper Soane Bridge across the Soane, as the river was then called, over abutments is 3,064 metres (10,052 ft).[3] It was opened for traffic on 27 February 1900. When it was built, it was the longest bridge in India and was believed to be the second longest bridge in the world, short of the Tay bridge near Dundee.[1][3] Subsequently, longer road bridges were built but it remained the longest rail bridge in India for many years.[4] The opening of the 4.62 km Vembanad Rail Bridge, connecting the Container Transshipment Terminal on Vallarpadam Island to Edappally, in February 2011, pushed it to the second position.[5][6]

Electrification

The Gaya–Mughalsarai section was electrified in 1962.[2] In 1965, Asansol-Bareilly Passenger was the first long-distance train on Eastern Railway hauled by an AC loco.[7]

Arrah–Sasaram

The Arrah–Sasaram line was opened as a narrow gauge (2 ft 6 in (762 mm)) section of Martin's Light Railways in 1914 and was closed in 1978.[2][8] A new broad gauge line was laid by Indian Railways from Sasaram to Arrah in 2006-07.[9]

Speed limits

Most of the Gaya–Mughalsarai section is classified as ‘A’ class line where trains can run up to 160 km per hour but in certain sections speeds may be limited to 120–130 km per hour. The Howrah Rajdhani (between Howrah and New Delhi) travels at an average speed of 85.8 km per hour and the Sealdah Rajdhani (between Sealdah and New Delhi) travels at an average speed of 84.70 km per hour.[10][11]

Freight corridor

Son Nagar is expected to be connected with Ludhiana as part of the Eastern Corridor. The primary feeder routes for this will be from Sonnagar to Durgapur via Gomoh, Sonnagar to Tatanagar via Garhwa Road, and Barkakana to Bokaro via Chandrapura.[12]

Railway reorganisation

In 1952, Eastern Railway, Northern Railway and North Eastern Railway were formed. Eastern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company, east of Mughalsarai and Bengal Nagpur Railway. Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway. North Eastern Railway was formed with Oudh and Tirhut Railway, Assam Railway and a portion of Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway.[13] East Central Railway was created in 1996-97.[14]

References

  1. ^ a b "As the traffic continued to grow even beyond the capacity of the". Tripod. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  2. ^ a b c Saxena, R.P. "Indian Railway History Time line". Irse.bravehost.com. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b O’malley, L.S.S. Bihar and Orissa Gazetteers Sahabad. p. 166, Dehri. Google Books. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  4. ^ "Longest Railway Bridge in India". Colours of India. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  5. ^ "A bridge over Vembanad Lake". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  6. ^ "Longest railway bridge in Kochi". ForumCo.com. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  7. ^ "IR History Part IV (1947-1970". IRFCA (Indian Railways Fan Club). Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  8. ^ "Non-IR Railways in India". IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  9. ^ "Speech of Shri Lalu Prasad Introducing the Railway Budget 2006-07 On 24th February 2006". New lines. Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  10. ^ "Permanent Way". Track Classifications. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  11. ^ "Trivia". Highest speed sections of track. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  12. ^ "Freight Trains". What is dedicated freight corridor?. IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  13. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  14. ^ "East Central Railway". ECR. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.