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Garia

Garia
Neighbourhood in Kolkata And South 24 Parganas
Nickname(s): 
গড়িয়া
Garia is located in Kolkata
Garia
Garia
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°27′46″N 88°23′48″E / 22.4629°N 88.3968°E / 22.4629; 88.3968
Country India
StateWest Bengal
CityKolkata And Rajpur Sonarpur
DistrictSouth 24 Parganas[1][2][3]
Metro StationGitanjali, Kavi Nazrul, Shahid Khudiram, Kavi Subhash and Satyajit Ray(under construction)
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation and Rajpur Sonarpur Municipality
KMC wards99, 100, 101, 109, 110, 111
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700084, 700047, 700094, 700152
Area code(s)+91 33
Lok Sabha constituencyJadavpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyJadavpur and Sonarpur Uttar

Garia is a neighbourhood of southern Kolkata in West Bengal, India. It is home to Netaji Subhash Engineering College and Future Institute of Technology (Boral Campus). It is bounded by Jadavpur to the north, Bansdroni/ Tollygunge to the north-west, Santoshpur/ Mukundapur to the north-east and Narendrapur/ Rajpur Sonarpur to the south. The southern part of the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass runs through the heart of the region. It is also represented by an important, ever-busy, and ever-crowded traffic junction from where a variety of public transports ply in different directions, making it a principal spot of South Kolkata.

History

Garia is one of the oldest settlements around the region. Tolly's Nullah (canal), which connects Kolkata to the Vidhyadhari River to the east, runs through the middle of Garia. It was primarily a peaceful residential neighbourhood before the partition of India, which changed the very fabric of the area. This area was discovered by the great Bose Family and Bidipto Bose is now the one of the great person of this area.

Overnight refugees came and settled down in the farm lands and country houses of the rich landowners of Kolkata in Garia, increasing the population of the area by many thousands.

Garia became another refugee settlement along with Jadavpur and Tollygunge in the southern fringes of the city. Slowly, after the initial upheaval, development of the area started and it grew to become a peaceful neighbourhood. But again another change was coming to the region. With the expansion of Kolkata to the east and the south during the 1990s, the area witnessed its latest change. Garia was the southern end of the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass, the next 'Chowringhee' of Kolkata. This road connected Garia to the northern parts of the city and the newly developing areas like Salt Lake and New Town, and also to the Dum Dum Airport; thus opening the way for rapid commercialization of the area. Already home to two major bus terminus, Garia became the transport and commercial hub for the region.

Modern day Garia

First settlements were on the north of the meeting point of N.S.C. Bose road, Garia main road & Raja Subodh Chandra Mullick road; Garia More as it is known till day. Kanungo Park, planned by Late Sri Manindra Lal Das an Officer of The Directorate of Settlement Department of West Bengal,from which Milan park was later carved out was the first planned settlement at Garia. This locality is now home to some of the finest upcoming apartment complexes in the city, and is a heaven for people looking to get away from the congestion of Kolkata. Hiland Park, Avani's Victoria Greens, Westwind, Orbit City, Sunny Seasons, Victoria Greens, Sugam Park, Sherwood Estate and Bengal Ambuja's Upohar are the most famous apartment complexes in Garia. Apartment complexes like Sugam Sudhir, PS Srijan Ozone, Modello Highs are close to completion and will be the newest additions to posh housing complexes. However, increasing population day by day, and the upcoming projects and a vast number of residential flats and increased traffic have made Garia almost the same as the other congested places of Kolkata, at present. Metro railway has added a new feather in terms of communication which connects Central & North Kolkata to save time & have a comfortable journey.

One of Kolkata's red-light districts is situated in Garia.[4]

Neighbourhoods

Garia includes the neighbourhoods of Kanungo Park, New Garia, Chak Garia, Garia Park, Baghajatin, Ajoy Nagar, Baishnabghata-Patuli, Techno City, Panchpota, Model Town, Ganguly Bagan, Ramgarh, Tentulberia, East Tentulberia, Ramgarh, Briji, Dhalai Bridge, Kamalgazi, Mahamayatala, Pearabagan, Boral, Sreenagar, Nayabad, Panchasayar, Kandarpopur town, Fartabad, Garia railway station, Balia, Sreerampur and certain parts of New Ajoynagar.

New Garia

New Garia is a fast-growing neighbourhood in the eastern part of Garia. The terminal metro station of Kolkata metro in the south is located here.

Chak Garia

Chak Garia, also known as Chakgaria, is a posh neighbourhood in the eastern part of Garia. It is dotted with high rises like Hiland Park and Bengal Ambuja Upohar.

Baishnabghata-Patuli Township

Ashabari Housing Complex in Baishnabghata Patuli Township

Baishnabghata-Patuli Township is a township located in the northern part of Garia. Baishnabghata-Patuli Township is a World Bank–funded project on the EM Bypass. Currently, it is one of the most promising parts of south Kolkata.

Mahamayatala

Mahamayatala is a well-known place in Garia. Even one of the most renowned posh localities in Garia. There are many residential apartments or complex, diagnostic centers, shops, bars etc. all required stuff for living. Mahamayatala is known for its famous Maa Mahamaya Temple.

Pearabagan

Pearabagan is a major locality in South Garia. It is a residential area with a market bazar popularly known as Kalibazar. Laskarpur is associated with Pearabagan. There are many schools over here including the Laskarpur Vidyapith (girls and boys). BDMI school is connected with Purba Para, Laskarpur. The post office of Laskarpur is situated here within. Rishi Apartment, Elina Apartment, Narayani Apartment are some of the major apartment complexes located in the area.

Tetultala

Tinni Apartment, 130 Garia Main Road, Kolkata 700084 West Bengal, India

This is a residential place between Mahamayatala and Hindustan More. There is a sweet shop named Hindustan Sweets and Patton's factory nearby. Various residential buildings and housing complexes are situated in this locality such as Sanghati Abasan, Victoria Enclave, Tinni Apartment, Puskar Abasan, Basundhara Apartment,Luv kush Apartment, Mondal Para Sabuj Sangha club is also there and this area developing very faster etc. In this area one new temple is also established and it has become famous also, it is called a "Bajrangbali Temple". Nowadays this place is very crowded.

Hindustan More

It is one of the posh areas of Garia location with renowned multi specialty nursing home like Hindustan health point and shopping destination like bazaar. BSF camp, West Bengal State Electricity Board office, HDFC Bank, Electronic Store, Housing Complex like Ananya Apartments, Victoria Greens, 4 Sight Florence. Balia is also a fast-growing neighbourhood in the eastern part of Garia.

Kandarpopur town

Kandarpopur town is a major locality of Garia. This locality is situated beside Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. Garia Railway Station and Shahid Khudiram Metro Station are the nearby railway stations of the locality. Kandarpapur, Boalia, Natunpara are the major portion of the locality. There are many Housing Complex, clinics, schools, markets are located in this area. It is also a fast-growing neighbourhood of Garia.

Geographic location

The converging point of Raja S.C.Mullick Road, N.S.C.Bose Road & Garia Main Road is known as "Garia More", adjacent to Kanungo Park & Garia Traffic Guard of Kolkata Police. It is the point where Garia started evolving post Independence.

Transport

Railway connectivity of Garia
New Garia Metro Station

Garia is home to four major bus termini (popularly named as No.5, No.6, S-7, S-21). Besides 45, 45B, 80A, 80B, 218, 228, KB17, SD5, AC5, AC6, AC37, AC37A, AC37C, AC50, AC50A, S14, S15G, S37, S55, BARASAT- BARUIPUR etc. buses connect Garia with all parts of the city. All varieties of bus services are available here.[5]

Kavi Nazrul connects this locality to the Kolkata Metro network. Two more stations - Shahid Khudiram (Near E M Bypass and Garia Station Road crossing popularly known as Dhalai Bridge, meaning concrete bridge) & Kavi Subhash (at New Garia, the terminal station in this route near Panchasayar, in between Baghajatin railway station & Garia railway station and just beside New Garia railway station) have become operational from 7 October 2010.[6][7]

Garia is served by the Garia Railway Station.

Major roads of Garia

List of Metro Stations in Garia

List of Railway Stations in Garia

Shopping

Garia is one of the major shopping areas of Kolkata.[9] It is home to many shopping malls and departmental stores. Some of them are :

  • Metropolis Mall, Hiland Park, EM Bypass, Chak Garia.[10]
  • Big Bazaar, Orbit Mall, Garia.[11]
  • Spencer's, Garia Station Road.[12]
  • Spencer's Express, Baishnabghata Patuli Township.[13]
  • Spencer's Express, Tolly Heights, Naktala.[14]
  • Proyozonio.[15]
  • Bizarre Bazar.[16]
  • Sonar Bangla Shopping Complex.[17]
  • Pooja Plaza (Near Garia Bazaar)
  • Parnashree Market (Near Garia Main Road)
  • New Raghunath market
  • Brand Factory (Near Mahamayatala, Garia)

Medical facilities

Peerless Hospital
  • The Apollo Clinic[18]
  • Bengal Rural Welfare Service (BRWS) Hospital, junction of Raja Subodh Mullick Road and Baishnabghata Connector.
  • Banchbo Healing Touch[19]
  • Peerless Hospital, at Panchasayar.
  • Remedy Hospital, at Kalitala
  • Lifeline Hospital, at Pratapgarh.
  • Namita Biswas Memorial Eye Hospital at Garia Station.
  • Hindusthan Health Point, at Hindusthan Bus Stop.
  • Sevangan nursing home.
  • Welkin diagnostic center.
  • Smilz Dental Treatment Facility, Garia Park[20]
  • Remedy diagnostic center.
  • Medich Health Clinic & Diagnostic Centre
  • Care & cure diagnostic center.
  • Friends Diagnostic Private Limited.
  • Mother Teresa Memorial TB Hospital & Research Centre.[21]
  • Neotia Mediplus Super Speciality Clinic ( A unit of Park Hospitals)168 Garia Main Road, Kolkata 700084 (Opp. 228 bus stand)

Education

Netaji Subhash Engineering College

Garia is home to several academic, research and professional institutions and schools. Major colleges, schools and research institutions located here includes:

Notable NGO

  • BANCHBO - NGO of West Bengal. Work in the field of Education of children, Elderly care, Women Empowerment.
  • Boral Kalpataru Seva Samity - Work in the field of Medicine. Provides free health checks and medicine. Govt registration Num S/2L/38619.
  • Grace and Glory of God(Kamalgazi)-Work in the field of Education of children, Elderly care, Women Empowerment,providing daily requirements to the needy.

Places of interest

  • Hiland Park is the second tallest tower in Kolkata (after South City) and is located in Chak Garia on the E. M. Bypass.
  • The Conclave Club Verde Vista, Chak Garia.
  • Garia Bazaar is one of the largest wholesale fish and vegetable markets in Kolkata.
  • Sant Sri Asaramji Ashram, near Netaji Subhash Engineering College.
  • Bharat Sevashram Sangha, which is located near Briji.
  • Very old twin temples at Garia Burning Ghat. Srimanta Saudagar (the son of Chand Saudagar) built these two temples (dedicated to Kali and Mahakal Shiva).
  • Garia Buddha Temple.
  • Baroda Avenue Kali Temple (one of the oldest Kali temples of Garia).
  • A very old temple namely of historical importance (said to be as old as the reigns of the Sen rulers of Bengal, however the old construction has been ruined) - Tripurasundari Temple near Boral High School.
  • Kaliganga (canal, a branch from the Ganga).
  • Shri Shri Baba Lokenath Mandir (near the newly inaugurated 'Kavi Nazrul' Metro Station).
  • Bipattarini Mandir (Small incarnation of original Bipattarini Temple situated at Rajpur, South 24 Pgs). Those who are unable to visit Rajpur may visit this temple at Garia.
  • Mahamaya Mandir near Mahamayatala petrol pump on the Garia Main Road.
  • Jora Mandir near Kali ganga canal consisting a pair of temples.
  • Baishnab Ghata Putul Park.
  • Shree Guru Asram, Naktala.
  • Sheetala Mata Mandir, Near Boral Chowk (Near Narayan Mistanna Bhandar).
  • Floating Market, Patuli.

Festivals

  • Durga Puja is celebrated at Garia with great pomp. Nabadurga, Panchadurga, Mahamayapur Mondal Para sabuj Sangha Durgotsav, Durga puja of Jatra Shuru Sangha, Kanungo Park, Srirampur Kalyan Samity, Milan Park, Sangathani Sangha, Moitri Sangha, Kalyan Parisad and many pujas of housing societies needs special appreciation. People from all corners of the city comes and enjoy these pujas at Garia.
  • Buddha Jayanti- celebration of 3 important event of Lord Buddha's life (Birth, Buddhata, Maha Parinirvan)at Garia Buddha Temple on Buddha Purnima Day.
  • Kathina Chivara Dana- special occasion for Buddhist specially for Buddhist monk after completion of 3 months of Varsha Mash at Garia Buddha Temple.
  • Baishnabghata Patuli Boi Mela- Book Fair at Kendua Shanti Sangha ground at December since 2012.
  • Seva Utsav, organized by Dakshin Kalikata Krira O Sanskriti Parishad. It is successfully running for last 35th year. Activities are Free Eye Operation camp, Free Medical Camp, Various Cultural Competition & Programme, Torch relay, Various Exhibition, workshop, Demonstration, All Bengal Yogasan Competition, Baul Mela, Kavi Sammelan, Seminars, etc.
  • Rakhi Utsav, Annual function of Sreerampur Kalyan Samity.
  • West Bengal Art and Handicrafts Fair(sponsored by the Govt. of West Bengal).
  • Old Rath Yatra fair at Rathtala and many other local fairs round the year.
  • Puja Rating & Ride by Under Privileged & Street Children & also by Senior Citizen on Sasti/Saptami of Durga Puja organised by Banchbo.
  • International Senior Citizen Day on 1 October of every year organized by Banchbo Healing Touch.
  • World Diabetes Day on 14 November of every year organized by Banchbo Healing Touch.
  • World Environment Day on 5 June of every year organized by Banchbo & METTA PARISHAD - Youth Wing of Garia Bauddha Sanskriti Samsad.
  • Doctors' Day on 1 July of every year organized by Banchbo & KENDUA SHANTI SANGHA.

Rakhi Utsav organized by "Garia Manabik" a NGO held every year at Kishore Kalyan Samsad ground Garia, Kamdohari Narkelbagan, Celebrities and dignitaries from different fields and society attend this ceremony.

In popular culture

In early 1953, the principal photography of the Satyajit Ray's debut film Pather Panchali was done at Boral, then a small village on the outskirts of Kolkata, now a locality of Garia. A decade later, Ray again shot a scene of Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne in the dense bamboo groves near a local pond.[36]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "South 24 Parganas district".
  2. ^ "web.archieve.org" (PDF).
  3. ^ "KMC Wards in South 24 Parganas".
  4. ^ Rose, Madison Leigh (27 August 2012). "Red Light City: Sex Workers' Experiences of the City of Joy". Madison Leigh Rose. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  5. ^ Bus routes in Kolkata
  6. ^ Mandal, Sanjay (4 October 2010). "Mahalaya debut for Metro AC rakes". The Telegraph. India. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  7. ^ Gupta, Jayanta (25 September 2010). "City Metro to launch first AC rake on Mahalaya". The TImes of India. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  8. ^ The Telegraph article on the inauguration of the New Garia-Airport route
  9. ^ Shopping areas in Kolkata
  10. ^ Metropolis Mall, Hiland Park Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Big Bazaar-Garia
  12. ^ Spencers-Garia
  13. ^ Spencers-Patuli
  14. ^ Spencer's Express-Naktala
  15. ^ Proyozonio-Garia
  16. ^ Bizarre Bazar-Garia
  17. ^ Sonar Bangla Shopping Complex
  18. ^ The Apollo Clinic Clinics
  19. ^ Banchbo Healing Touch Official Website
  20. ^ SMiLZ Dental Treatment Facility
  21. ^ KMC Chest Clinics
  22. ^ Indian Centre for Space Physics
  23. ^ Affiliated colleges of Calcutta University
  24. ^ Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta address
  25. ^ Seacom Marine College address
  26. ^ Sammilani Mahavidyalaya college address
  27. ^ K.K. Das college address
  28. ^ List of Schools of Nursing
  29. ^ Indus Valley World School
  30. ^ ISC schools in Kolkata
  31. ^ Techno India Group Public School Branches
  32. ^ Techno India Model School Branches
  33. ^ Calcuttaweb-Schools Archived 2007-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ B.D. Memorial School locations
  35. ^ Garia Vidyabhavana South
  36. ^ "Apu Doesn't Live Here Anymore". Indian Express. 6 April 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013.

External links

Kolkata/Southern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage