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Gangneung Danoje

Gangneung Danoje
Korea Gangneung Danoje Festival 03 (14323857531).jpg
Gangneung Danoje
Korean name
Hangul 강릉단오제
Hanja
Revised Romanization Gangneung danoje
McCune–Reischauer Kangnŭng tanoje

Gangneung Danoje (The Gangneung Danoje Festival) is a local festival in Korea which is selected as the 13th Important Intangible Cultural Properties of Korea next to Jinju geommu. It culminates on the fifth day of the fifth month of the year according to the lunar calendar, in Gangneung, Gangwon Province. However, the festival, including preparations such as making special alcohol actually takes 45 days in total. Danoje referred to Suritnal which means the highest day and the God's day. Gangneung Danoje has the longest history among Korean local festivals and its main purpose is to worship the guardian spirit of a mountain which protects the town and pray for the peace of the town and all families and prosperity of farming. It is designated as part of South Korea's Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in November 25, 2005. [1]

History

Its origin is not accurate but according to Nam-hyowon's record, shaman prayed for the God for 3 days every March, April and May. Also Heo-gyun wrote in his book that he saw the Gangneung Danoje in 1603. People in town believed there will be a disaster if they do not have worship to God. Gangneung Danoje started when people made fermented drinks for the God.

Procedures

During the Danoje, all the people in town pray for the guardian spirit of a mountain in the morning and the night for 5 days. They also have a shaman ceremony for prosperity of the farming and peace for the town. In the mask playing, the character of noble, young lady, Jangjamari, sisidakdak dance and sing. There are also small events and games includes swing, Korean wrestling, ssireum, the traditional instrument contest, shampooing in a special method, eating ddeok. In the next day of Dano, they burn the sacred wood and the festival ends.

Transmission

The transmission is divided into three way. One is the group for ceremony, one is for shaman ceremony and the other is for mask-playing. Currently Jo kyu-don was designated for the ceremony and the shaman ceremony is maintained by Bin sun-hae and the mask playing is Kim jong-gun.

References

External links