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Ganesha dynasty

Ganesha dynasty
1416 CE–1436 CE
Capital Gaur, West Bengal (present day West Bengal, India)
Religion Hinduism
later Islam
Government Monarchy
• 1414–1415 and 1416–1418 (Second Phase)
Raja Ganesha
• 1415–1416 and 1418–1433 (Second Phase)
Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah
• 1433–1435
Shamsuddin Ahmad Shah
• Established
1416 CE
• Disestablished
1436 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ilyas Shahi dynasty
Ilyas Shahi dynasty

The Ganesha dynasty began with Raja Ganesha in 1414, from the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent. After Raja Ganesha seized control over Bengal, he faced an imminent threat of invasion. Ganesha appealed to a powerful Muslim holy man named Qutb al Alam to stop the threat. The saint agreed on the condition that Raja Ganesha's son, Jadu, would convert to Islam and rule in his place. Raja Ganesha agreed and Jadu started ruling Bengal as Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah in 1415.

Qutb al Alam died in 1416 and Raja Ganesha was emboldened to depose his son and return to the throne as Danujamarddana Deva. Jalaluddin was reconverted to Hinduism by the Golden Cow ritual. After the death of his father Jalaluddin once again converted to Islam and started ruling again.[1] Jalaluddin's son, Shamsuddin Ahmad Shah ruled for only 3 years due to chaos and anarchy. The dynasty is known for its liberal policies as well as its focus on justice and charity.


  1. ^ Biographical encyclopedia of Sufis By N. Hanif, pg.320