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Muppala Lakshmana Rao
|Occupation||General Secretary of Communist Party of India (Maoist)|
|Organization||Communist Party of India (Maoist)|
|Known for||Far-left politics|
Muppala Lakshmana Rao, commonly known by his nom de guerre Ganapathy or Ganapathi is the leader of the Indian Maoist movement and the present General Secretary of Communist Party of India (Maoist), a banned Maoist insurgent communist party in India.
Ganapathy was born in Sarangapur, Karimnagar district of Telangana. He is a science graduate and also holds a B.Ed. degree. He worked as teacher in Karimnagar district but deserted his job to pursue higher education in Warangal.
In Warangal, Ganapathy came in touch with the Maoist cadres Nalla Adi Reddy and Kondapalli Seetharamaiah, and eventually he also decided to join the Naxalite movement in the country. He was one of the early members of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War (People's War Group) and grew as General Secretary of the party that is now called as Communist Party of India (Maoist), an output of the merger of People's War Group and Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI) that took place in 2004. He remains active in the so-called red belt of India including the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh.
Other than Ganapathy he is known by several other aliases viz Mupalla Lakshman Rao, Shrinivas, Rajanna, Raji Reddy, Radhakrishna, GP, Chandrasekhar, Azith and CS.
Ganapathy tends to be reclusive and difficult to meet, and has only done a few interviews including those with the BBC and with Rahul Pandita, a journalist from Open magazine and the author of "Hello Bastar".
Ganapathy is one of the most wanted persons by the Indian security forces for his role in several Naxal activities. National Investigation Agency has announced an award of ₹ 1,500,000 for any information leading to his arrest. The total bounty on his head is the highest currently in India, which is ₹ 36,000,000.