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Galsi II

Galsi II
গলসি II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Galsi II is located in West Bengal
Galsi II
Galsi II
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°20′14″N 87°41′33″E / 23.33722°N 87.69250°E / 23.33722; 87.69250
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituencyBardhaman-Durgapur, Bishnupur
Assembly constituencyGalsi, Khandaghosh
Area
 • Total84.59 sq mi (219.09 km2)
Elevation154 ft (47 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total147,177
 • Density1,700/sq mi (670/km2)
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN713406 (Galsi)
713141 (Khana Jn.)
Area code(s)03452
Vehicle registrationWB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate70.05 per cent
Website[bardhaman.gov.in]

Galsi II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography

Galsi is located at 23°20′14″N 87°41′33″E / 23.3373°N 87.6924°E / 23.3373; 87.6924.

Galsi II CD Block is part of the Bardhaman Plain, the central plain area of the district. The area is surrounded by the Bhagirathi on the east, the Ajay on the north-west and the Damodar on the west and south. Old river channels and small creeks found in the region dry up in the dry season, but the Bardhaman Plains are sometimes subject to heavy floods during the rainy season. The region has recent alluvial soils.[1]

Galsi II CD Block is bounded by Ausgram I CD Block on the north, Burdwan I CD Block on the east, Khandaghosh CD Block on the south and Indas CD Block, in Bankura district, and Galsi I CD Block on the west.[2]

Galsi II CD Block has an area of 219.09 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 116 gram sansads (village councils), 73 mouzas and 73 inhabited villages. Galsi police station serves this block.[3]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Galsi.[4]

Gram panchayats of Galsi II block/panchayat samiti are: Adra, Bhuri, Galsi, Gohogram, Khano, Kurkuba, Masjidpur, Sanko and Satinadi.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India Galsi II CD Block had a total population of 147,177, all of which were rural. There were 74,751 (51%) males and 72,426 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 15,594. Scheduled Castes numbered 58,342 (39.64%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 7,652 (4.08%).[6]

As per 2001 census, Galsi II block had a total population of 133,951, out of which 68,641 were males and 65,310 were females. Galsi II block registered a population growth of 11.82 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8]Scheduled castes at 55,012 formed more than one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 9,127.[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Galsi II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Galsi (10,700), Gohagram (4,058), Bahirghanya (5,116), Khano (5,400), Satinandi (6,954) and Sanko (9,580).[6]

Other villages in Galsi II CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Adra (3,774), Kurkuba (2,714), Maszidpur (2,163), Bhuri (2,805) and Channa (2,465).[6]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Galsi II CD Block was 92,178 (70.05% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 51,594 (77.28% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 40,584 (62.61% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 14.66%.[6]

As per 2001 census, Galsi II block had a total literacy of 64.54 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 74.42 per cent female literacy was 54.05 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person’s mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 82.3% of the population of Bardhaman district in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001 Santali has remained steady at around 4.9% during the period, and Urdu has increased its share from 2.4% in 1961 to 2.6% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were: Odiya (0.3%), Punjabi (0.2%), Koda/Kora (0.2%), Telugu (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and Kurukh/ Oraon (0.1%).[11]

Religion in Galsi II CD Block
Hindu
74.78%
Muslim
24.74%
Christian
0.34%
Others
0.14%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 110,055 and formed 74.78% of the population in Galsi II CD Block. Muslims numbered 36,410 and formed 24.74% of the population. Christians numbered 504 and formed 0.34% of the population. Others numbered 208 and formed 0.14% of the population.[12]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[13]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Galsi II CD Block was 29.42%.[14]

Economy

Livelihood

In Galsi II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 15.23%, agricultural labourers 60.69%, household industry workers 2.14% and other workers 21.95%.[3]

Galsi II CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[15]

Infrastructure

All 73 or 100% of mouzas in Galsi II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[3]

All 73 mouzas in Galsi II CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 92 fertiliser depots, 8 seed stores and 56 fair price shops in the CD Block.[3]

Agriculture

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Galsi II CD Block

  Bargadars (4.90%)
  Patta holders (16.64%)
  Small farmers (4.37%)
  Marginal farmers (14.31%)
  Agricultural labourers (59.78%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Galsi II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 4.90%, patta (document) holders 16.64%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.37%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 14.31% and agricultural labourers 59.78%.[3]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Galsi II CD Block was 17,340 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 18,399 hectares.[17]

In 2013-14, Galsi II CD Block produced 71,705 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 22,634 hectares, 28,872 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 8,705 hectares and 22,833 tonnes of potatoes from 1,840 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[3]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% respectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[18] In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Galsi II CD Block was 18,538.49 hectares, out of which 18,433.45 hectares were irrigated by canal water and 105.14 hectares by deep tube wells.[3]

Banking

In 2013-14, Galsi II CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[3]

Transport

Galsi II CD Block has 1 ferry service and 8 originating/ terminating bus routes.[3]


The Bardhaman-Asansol section, which is a part of Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and Howrah-Delhi main line, passes through this CD Block and there are stations at Galsi and Khana.[24]

The Khana-Barharwa section of Sahibganj Loop passes through the CD Block and there is a station at Khana.[25]

NH 19 (old numbering NH 2)/ Grand Trunk Road passes through this CD Block.[26]

Education

In 2013-14, Galsi II CD Block had 110 primary schools with 7,448 students, 6 middle schools with 393 students, 15 high schools with 9,544 students and 8 higher secondary schools with 6,808 students. Galsi II CD Block had 1 general college with 1,464 tudents, 1 technical/ professional institution with 100 students and 251 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,485 students[3]

Galsi Mahavidyalaya was established at Galsi in 2007.[27]

Healthcare

In 2014, Galsi II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 29 beds and 3 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 24 family welfare subcentres. 3,099 patients were treated indoor and 199,203 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[3]

Galsi II CD Block has a block primary health centre at Adrahati and primary health centres at Satinadi and Bhuri.[28][29]

Galsi II CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a moderately high level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[30]

External links

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  9. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Mother-tongue: Table 11, page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  12. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  19. ^ "Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU 63505". India Rail Info.
  20. ^ "Asansol Division System Map". Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016.
  21. ^ "South Eastern Railway Pink Book 2017-18" (PDF). Indian Railways Pink Book.
  22. ^ "Asansol Division Railway Map". Eastern Railway.
  23. ^ "Adra Division Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  24. ^ "63509 Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  25. ^ "53065 Bardhaman-Rampurhat Bamdev Passenger". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  26. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  27. ^ "Galsi Mahavidyalaya". GM. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  28. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  29. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Galsi II Block Map on page 698. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  30. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.