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Galsi I

Galsi I
Community development block
Galsi I is located in West Bengal
Galsi I
Galsi I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°24′30″N 87°32′34″E / 23.40833°N 87.54278°E / 23.40833; 87.54278
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituencyBardhaman-Durgapur
Assembly constituencyGalsi
Area
 • Total99.37 sq mi (257.37 km2)
Elevation
213 ft (65 m)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total187,588
 • Density1,900/sq mi (730/km2)
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN
713403 (Bud Bud)
713144 (Mankar)
Telephone/STD code03452
Vehicle registrationWB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate72.87 per cent
Website[bardhaman.gov.in]

Galsi I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography

Bud Bud, a constituent gram panchayat in Galsi I CD Block, is located at 23°24′30″N 87°32′34″E / 23.408319°N 87.54273°E / 23.408319; 87.54273. Galsi I CD Block is part of the Bardhaman Plain, the central plain area of the district. The area is surrounded by the Bhagirathi on the east, the Ajay on the north-west and the Damodar on the west and south. Old river channels and small creeks found in the region dry up in the dry season, but the Bardhaman Plains are sometimes subject to heavy floods during the rainy season. The region has recent alluvial soils.[1]

Galsi I CD Block is bounded by Ausgram II CD Block on the north, Galsi II CD Block on the east, Sonamukhi and Patrasayer CD Blocks, in Bankura district, on the south and Kanksa CD Block on the west.[2]

Galsi I CD Block has an area of 257.37 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 141 gram sansads (village councils), 87 mouzas and 85 inhabited villages. Bud Bud and Galsi police stations serve this block.[3] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Bud Bud.[4]

Gram panchayats of Galsi I block/panchayat samiti are: Bud Bud, Chaktentul, Loapur Krishnarampur, Lowa Ramgopalpur, Mankar, Paraj, Potna-Pursa, Serorai and Uchchagram.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India Galsi I CD Block had a total population of 187,588, of which 164,467 were rural and 23,121 were urban. There were 96,755 (52%) males and 90,833 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 19,421. Scheduled Castes numbered 67,044 (35.74%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 7,652 (4.08%).[6]

As per 2001 census, Galsi I block had a total population of 174,070, out of which 90,518 were males and 83,552 were females. Galsi I block registered a population growth of 17.76 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8] Scheduled castes at 61,523 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 7,187.[9]

Census Towns in Galsi I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Raipur (5,470), Sukdal (13,093) and Bud Bud (4,558).[6]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Galsi I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Bharatpur (4,274), Chak Tentul (4,841), Mankar (10,370), Paraj (5,560), Ramgopalpur (4,362), Mallasarul (4,439), Sirarai (6,915), Pursha (5,740), Kolkol (4,025), Uchchagram (4,887) and Golgram (4,886).[6]

Other villages in Galsi I CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Loa (3,690), Loapur (1,987), Krishnarampur (3,627), Randiha (1953), Potna (1,873), Shillya (1,272), Kasba (2,119).[6]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Galsi I CD Block was 122,540 (72.87% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 69,370 (79.89% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 53,170 (65.37% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 14.52%.[6]

As per 2001 census, Galsi I block had a total literacy of 65.71 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 74.98 per cent female literacy was 55.63 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person's mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 82.3% of the population of Bardhaman district in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001 Santali has remained steady at around 4.9% during the period, and Urdu has increased its share from 2.4% in 1961 to 2.6% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were: Odiya (0.3%), Punjabi (0.2%), Koda/Kora (0.2%), Telugu (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and Kurukh/ Oraon (0.1%).[11]

Religion in Galsi I CD Block
Hindu
71.69%
Muslim
27.75%
Christian
0.25%
Others
0.31%

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 134,475 and formed 71.69% of the population in Galsi I CD Block. Muslims numbered 52,053 and formed 27.75% of the population. Christians numbered 475 and formed 0.25% of the population. Others numbered 585 and formed 0.31% of the population.[12]

In Bardhaman district, the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[13]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Galsi I CD Block was 37.76%.[14]

Economy

Livelihood

In Galsi I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 15.32%, agricultural labourers 55.13%, household industry workers 1.66% and other workers 27.89%.[3]

Galsi I CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[15]

Infrastructure

There are 85 inhabited villages in Galsi I CD block. All 85 villages (100%) have power supply. All 85 villages (100%) have drinking water supply. 19 villages (22.35%) have post offices. 81 villages (95.29%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 28 villages (32.94%) have a pucca (paved) approach road and 53 villages (62.35%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 10 villages (11.76%) have agricultural credit societies. 5 villages (5.88%) have banks.[16]

In 2013-14, there were 73 fertiliser depots, 6 seed stores and 75 fair price shops in the CD Block.[3]

Agriculture

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Galsi I CD Block

  Bargadars (8.11%)
  Patta holders (9.36%)
  Small farmers (2.77%)
  Marginal farmers (10.78%)
  Agricultural labourers (68.98%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[17] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Galsi I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 8.11%, patta (document) holders 9.36%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.77%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 10.78% and agricultural labourers 68.98%.[3]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Galsi I CD Block was 17,379 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 17,404 hectares.[18]

In 2013-14, Galsi I CD Block produced 4,939 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,911 hectares, 30,343 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 9,982 hectares, 13 tonnes of wheat from 5 hectares and 15,754 tonnes of potatoes from 840 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[3]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% respectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[19] In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Galsi I CD Block was 19,174.59 hectares, out of which 18,835.75 hectares were irrigated by canal water and 338.84 hectares by deep tube wells.[3]

Banking

In 2013-14, Galsi I CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 4 gramin banks.[3]

Transport

Galsi I CD Block has 17 originating/ terminating bus routes.[3]

The Bardhaman-Asansol section, which is a part of Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and Howrah-Delhi main line, passes through this CD Block and there are stations at Mankar and Paraj.[25]

NH 19 (old numbering NH 2)/ Grand Trunk Road passes through this CD Block.[26]

Education

In 2013-14, Galsi I CD Block had 116 primary schools with 11,593 students, 3 middle schools with 234 students, 14 high schools with 8,967 students and 8 higher secondary schools with 7,056 students. Galsi I CD Block had 1 general college with 1,997 students and 296 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,949 students[3]

As per the 2011 census, in Galsi I CD block, amongst the 85 inhabited villages, 6 villages did not have schools, 32 villages had two or more primary schools, 25 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 19 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[27]

More than 6,000 schools (in erstwhile Bardhaman district) serve cooked midday meal to more than 900,000 students.[28]

Kanad Institute of Engineering and Management was established at Mankar in 2008. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.[29]

Mankar College at Mankar was established in 1987. It is affiliated with Kazi Nazrul University.[30]

Healthcare

In 2014, Galsi I CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 2 private nursing homes with total 63 beds and 7 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 27 family welfare subcentres. 6,814 patients were treated indoor and 311,671 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[3]

Mankar Rural Hospital at Mankar (with 30 beds) and Pursha Rural Hospital at Pursha (with 30 beds) are the main medical facilities in Galsi I CD block. There are primary health centres at: Bharatpur (with 6 beds) and Lowa, PO Dwarmari (with 10 beds).[31]

Galsi I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[32]

External links

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  9. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Mother-tongue: Table 11, page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  12. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook Baddhaman, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 102 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  20. ^ "Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU 63505". India Rail Info.
  21. ^ "Asansol Division System Map". Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016.
  22. ^ "South Eastern Railway Pink Book 2017-18" (PDF). Indian Railways Pink Book.
  23. ^ "Asansol Division Railway Map". Eastern Railway.
  24. ^ "Adra Division Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  25. ^ "63509 Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  26. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  27. ^ "District Census Handbook, Barddhaman, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 1082, Appendix I A: Villages by number of Primary Schools and Appendix I B: Villages by Primary, Middle and Secondary Schools. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  28. ^ "Midday Meal – Burdwan, WB". District Authorities. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  29. ^ "Kanad Institute of Engineering and Management". KIEM. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  30. ^ "Mankar College". College Admission. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  31. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  32. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study)". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.