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গাইবান্ধা(প্রাচীন নাম ভবানী গঞ্জ)
Location of Gaibandha in Bangladesh
|• Total||2,179.27 km2 (841.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
Gaibandha (Bengali: গাইবান্ধা জেলা, Gaibandha Jela also Gaibandha Zila) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division. Gaibandha subdivision was established in 1875. Gaibandha was previously known as Bhabanigonj. The name was changed from Bhabanigonj to Gaibandha in 1875. Gaibandha was established as a district in 15 February 1984.
Gaibandha has a total area of 2179.27 km². It has boundaries with the Kurigram and Rangpur to the north, Bogra District to the south, Joypurhat, Dinajpur and Rangpur districts to the west, and Jamalpur and Kurigram districts, and the Brahmaputra River to the east. Gaibandha has seven upazillas and 82 unions. Bhramhaputra, Tista , Kartoa and Ghaghot are notable rivers in this district. Total river area of this district is 107.71 sq. km.
The main occupations of Gaibandha district are agriculture 44.45%, agricultural laborer 27.72%, wage laborer 2.58%, transport 1.89%, commerce 9.11%, service 4.49% and others 9.76%. Total cultivable lands are 160397 hectares, fallow land are 56643 hectares; the amount of crop: single crop 20.5%, double crop 58.5% and treble crop 21%; land under irrigation 27.16%. Main crops are paddy, wheat, jute, sugarcane, potato, brinjal, mustard seed, chili, onion, garlic and vegetables. There are 277 poultries, 273 dairies, 245 fisheries, 5 hatcheries, 16 nurseries and 2 artificial cattle breeding centers.
Most people of Gaibandha speak Bengali dialects of Rangpur region. People living in the southern portion (Shaghata and Gobindaganj) have some accent of the dialects of Bogra region. A good many people of Char areas of Jamuna speak dialects of Mymensingh region.
Education rate of Gaibandha is 54%. Among educational institutions, there are 3 government colleges, 41 non-government colleges, 4 government high schools, 287 non-government high schools, 31 junior high schools, 498 madrasas, 737 government primary schools, 546 non-government primary schools, 14 kindergartens, 83 satellite schools, 32 community schools, 1 primary teacher's training institute, and 1 agriculture training institute. Well-known educational institutions of Gaibandha District are:
There is a general hospital and six government hospital in Gaibandha. 89% of total population get the facility of sanitation. The only general hospital of the district is Gaibandha Sadar Hospital which is located at the Gaibandha Sadar.
Gaibandha District is divided into 7 upazilas/thanas, which are further divided into 82 union parishads, and 1244 villages. The upazilas/thanas of the district are:
|Gaibandha Sadar Upazila||437268|
|Gaibandha-1||Shamim Haider Patwary||Bangladesh Awami League|
|Gaibandha-2||Mahabub Ara Begum Gini||Bangladesh Awami League|
|Gaibandha-3||Dr. Md. Eunus Ali Sarkar||Bangladesh Awami League|
|Gaibandha-4||Md. Abul Kalam Azad||Independent|
|Gaibandha-5||Fazle Rabbi Miah||Bangladesh Awami League|
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