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Funabashi

Funabashi
船橋市
Core city
LaLaPort shopping mall in Funabashi
LaLaPort shopping mall in Funabashi
Flag of Funabashi
Flag
Official seal of Funabashi
Seal
Location of Funabashi in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Funabashi in Chiba Prefecture
Funabashi is located in Japan
Funabashi
Funabashi
 
Coordinates: 35°41′40.4″N 139°58′57.2″E / 35.694556°N 139.982556°E / 35.694556; 139.982556
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Toru Matsudo
Area
 • Total 85.62 km2 (33.06 sq mi)
Population (February 1, 2016)
 • Total 623,679
 • Density 7,280/km2 (18,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Postal code(s) 273 or 274
Area code(s) 047-4
- Tree Camellia sasanqua
- Flower Camellia sasanqua
Phone number 047-436-2111
Address 2-10-25 Minato-cho, Funabashi-shi, 273-8501
Website www.city.funabashi.lg.jp
Funabashi City Hall

Funabashi (船橋市, Funabashi-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 623,679, and a population density of 7,280 persons per km². The total area is 85.62 square kilometres (33.06 sq mi).[citation needed]

Geography

Funabashi is located in northwestern Chiba Prefecture and makes up one part of the Shimōsa Plateau. The city sits 20–30 meters above sea level, and is relatively flat. Funabashi is crossed by the Tone River, and the small Ebi River is located entirely within city limits. Funabashi formerly had wide, shallow beaches, but much of the coast has been industrialized and transformed by reclaimed land.

Neighboring municipalities

Chiba Prefecture

History

The name "Funabashi" is mentioned in the Kamakura period chronicle Azuma Kagami. However, the name itself is even more ancient, dating from before the Nara period and the Yamatotakeru mythology. Archaeologists have found stone tools from the Japanese Paleolithic period and shell middens from the Jōmon period in the area, indicating continuous inhabitation for thousands of years. A number of Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples in the area claim to have been founded in the Nara period or Heian period. During the Muromachi periods, the area was controlled by the Chiba clan. During the Sengoku period, the Chiba clan fought the Satomi clan to the south, and the Later Hojo clan to the west. After the defeat of the Chiba clan, the area came within the control of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Under the Tokugawa shogunate, the area prospered as a post town on the river crossing of the Tone River, and was largely retained as tenryō under the direct control of the Shogunate and administered through a number of hatamoto. The area was also a favored hunting grounds for the Shogun. During the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, Funabashi was the location of a minor skirmish between Tokugawa loyalists under Enomoto Takeaki and the pro-Imperial forces of Okayama Domain and Satsuma Domain, during which most of the town burned down.

After the abolition of the han system, the area eventually became part of Chiba Prefecture. Funabashi Town was one of several towns and villages created on April 1, 1889 under Inba District. The area developed rapidly due to its proximity to Tokyo and the presence of numerous military facilities in the area. On April 1, 1937, Funabashi was elevated to city status through merger with neighboring Katsushika Town and Yasakae, Hoden and Tsukada Villages. The new city was host to numerous military installations in World War II, and was bombed in the air raids on Japan in 1945.

The city developed rapidly in the postwar period, with the development of industries, public housing developments and port facilities. With the annexation of neighboring Ninomiya Town in 1953, the population exceeded 100,000. The population exceeded 300,000 in 1969 and 500,000 in 1982. Funabashi was designated a core city on April 1, 2005 with increased local autonomy from the central government. The population exceeded 600,000 in 2006.

Economy

Funabashi is a regional commercial center and, due to its numerous train connections, a bedroom community for nearby Chiba and Tokyo.

Education

Transportation

Railway

Highway

Sister city relations

Local attractions

Notable structures

  • Funabashi Auto Racing
  • Funabashi Racecourse
  • Funabashi Sports Park Arena, playground of the Chiba Jets
  • Nakayama Racecourse
  • LaLaPort shopping mall, one of the largest in Japan
  • SSAWS indoor ski slope (closed and demolished in 2003)
  • Japan's first large-format IKEA store, built on the site of SSAWS

Notable places 

Notable people from Funabashi

Companies from Funabashi

Eponym

References

  1. ^ "A Brief Introduction of Funabashi Keimei High School" (PDF version). Funabashi Keimei High School. Retrieved on June 24, 2015.
  2. ^ "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links