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Frogmore Cottage

Frogmore Cottage
Frogmore Cottage.jpg
The cottage in 1872[1]
General information
Coordinates51°28′35″N 0°35′53″W / 51.4763°N 0.5980°W / 51.4763; -0.5980
Current tenantsThe Duke, Duchess of Sussex, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor
OwnerThe Crown Estate
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameFrogmore Cottage in Frogmore Grounds
Reference no.1117778[2]

Frogmore Cottage is an historic Grade II listed house in the grounds of Frogmore House built in 1801 at the direction of Queen Charlotte on the Frogmore Estate, part of Home Park, Windsor, Berkshire, England. According to preservationists, the cottage warrants every effort to preserve it for its historic value. A part of the Crown Estate, it is currently the home of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, and their son, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor.


The cottage was originally known as Double Garden Cottage and was listed in Queen Charlotte's 1801 accounts for her garden as having been built for £450 by a Mr. Bowen.[3] Queen Victoria had breakfast at the cottage on 28 June 1875 and noted an "immense number of little frogs" which she found "quite disgusting".[4] The cottage has been listed Grade II on the National Heritage List for England since October 1975. The listing provides little of the history: "Early C19 plain 2 storey house with parapet. Centre break with porch. Glazing bar sashes. Stucco faced." [5]


The cottage was a retreat for Queen Charlotte and her unmarried daughters.[6] The theologian Henry James Sr. and his family lived at the cottage in the 1840s.[7] A personal secretary of Queen Victoria's, Abdul Karim, moved to Frogmore Cottage in 1897 with his wife and father.[8][9] Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia in exile from her native Russia stayed there in the 1920s.[10]

In the early 21st century the cottage was a series of five separate units housing Windsor estate workers.[11]

In 2019, the house was converted to serve again as a 4-bedroom & nursery, single-family home, at a reported cost from the Sovereign Grant of £2.4 million "of taxpayer-funded costs, royal accounts show", according to a BBC report.[12][13] There was some criticism at this use of public money,[14][15] however, as a property of a royal palace of state and designated heritage site, Frogmore Cottage was always scheduled to be renovated, regardless of occupant.[16] The Duke and Duchess of Sussex, who had earlier held their wedding reception at nearby Frogmore House, moved from Nottingham Cottage to Frogmore Cottage in spring 2019, before the birth of their first child, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor.[17][18]


  1. ^ "Frogmore Cottage, Windsor 1860-69". Royal Collection Trust. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Frogmore Cottage in Frogmore Grounds  (Grade II) (1117778)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  3. ^ Jane Roberts, Lady Roberts (1997). Royal Landscape: The Gardens and Parks of Windsor. Yale University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-300-07079-8.
  4. ^ Queen Victoria (25 September 2014). The Letters of Queen Victoria. Cambridge University Press. p. 410. ISBN 978-1-108-07780-4.
  5. ^ Historic England, "Frogmore Cottage in Frogmore Grounds (1117778)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 8 July 2019
  6. ^ Daniel Maudlin (24 July 2015). The Idea of the Cottage in English Architecture, 1760 - 1860. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-64315-9.
  7. ^ Jenny Helin; Tor Hernes; Daniel Hjorth; Robin Holt (15 May 2014). The Oxford Handbook of Process Philosophy and Organization Studies. Oxford University Press. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-19-164810-6.
  8. ^ Scientific American: Supplement. Munn and Company. 1897. p. 18255.
  9. ^ Greg King (4 June 2007). Twilight of Splendor: The Court of Queen Victoria During Her Diamond Jubilee Year. John Wiley & Sons. p. 201. ISBN 978-0-470-04439-1.
  10. ^ Toby Faber (4 September 2008). Faberge's Eggs: One Man's Masterpieces and the End of an Empire. Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-71396-3.
  11. ^ "Search for planning applications". Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  12. ^ "Harry and Meghan taxpayer-funded renovations cost £2.4m". BBC News. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  13. ^ "£2.4m bill for renovation of Meghan and Harry's house, Frogmore Cottage". The Times. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  14. ^ "PRINCE HARRY AND MEGHAN MARKLE'S HOME RENOVATIONS COST TAXPAYERS £2.4M". The Independent. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  15. ^ "MEGA MAKEOVER Meghan Markle and Prince Harry spend taxpayer cash on 'TWO orangeries and a floating floor' in £2.4m Frogmore Cottage refurb". The Sun. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  16. ^ Murphy, Victoria (24 June 2019). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's Renovations to Frogmore Cottage Cost $3.05 Million in Public Funds". Town & Country. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  17. ^ "Duke and Duchess of Sussex to move to Frogmore House and begin family life". 2019-03-03. Archived from the original on 2019-03-03.
  18. ^ Gonzales, Erica (2019-04-04). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Just Officially Moved Out of London". Retrieved 2019-04-26.