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French legislative election, 1902

French legislative election, 1902
French Third Republic
← 1898 27 April and 11 May 1902 1906 →

All 589 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
295 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 76.0
  First party Second party Third party
  Émile Combes 1913.jpg Méline, Jules, 1915, agence Meurisse, BNF Gallica.jpg Jacques Piou (Agence Meurisse, 1913).jpg
Leader Émile Combes Jules Méline Jacques Piou
Party Bloc des gauches
Progressive Republicans Right-wing coalition
Leader's seat Not presented
(Senator for Charente-Inférieure)
Vosges Haute-Garonne (lost)
Seats won 338 127 124
Seat change Increase 103 Decrease 127 Increase 28
Popular vote 4,828,905 1,808,736 1,766,672
Percentage 57.4% 21.5% 21.0%
Swing Increase 17% Decrease 21.8% Increase 4.6%

Prime Minister before election

Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
ARD

Elected Prime Minister

Émile Combes
Radical Party

The 1902 general election was held on 27 April and 11 May 1902.

These elections were a victory for the Bloc des gauches alliance between Socialists, Radicals, and the left wing of the Republicans, over the anti-Dreyfusard right wing of the Republicans, the progressistes. The Bloc des gauches had been brought together to support the "Republican Defense Cabinet" (gouvernement de défense républicaine) formed by Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau following the assault on the newly elected President, Émile Loubet, on the Longchamp Racecourse on 4 June 1899, during the Dreyfus affair.

However, Waldeck-Rousseau's own supporters (the ARD) took few seats in the election compared to the Radicals and Socialists. After the election, President Loubet invited the Radical Émile Combes to form a government, which lasted until January 1905, when the Socialists withdrew from the Bloc des gauches.[1]

Results

e • d Summary of the 27 April and 11 May election results
Chambre des Députés 1902.svg
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Radical Left 1,842,387 21.9 129
Radical-Socialists 1,489,052 17.7 104
Left Republicans 883,336 10.5 62
Socialists 614,129 7.3 43
Bloc des gauches 4,828,905 57.4 338
Progressives 1,808,736 21.5 127
Conservatives 1,270,321 15.1 89
Liberals 504,763 6.0 35
Parliamentary right 3,583,820 42.6 251
Total 8,412,727 100 589

Source: Lingane, les élections de 1902

References

  1. ^ Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 278-282
  • L'année Politique 1902, by André Daniel, Librairie Académique Perrin, 1903