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Freedom of the City of London

The Freedom of the City of London is a recognition awarded to people who have achieved success, recognition or celebrity in their chosen field. Honorary Freedom of the City of London is a recognition of lifetime achievement or high international standing, and is much rarer than the broader Freedom of the City.

Whilst undoubtedly a privilege, strict instructions are given that the Freedom of the City of London should not be presented to others as being an honour or award. The Freedom of the City of London can be gained through membership of a livery company or by direct application supported by a suitably qualified proposer and seconder. A limited number of Freemen are admitted each year by the Clerk to the Chamberlain of the City of London during a ceremony at Guildhall. A certificate is presented to the recipient.

There is a long-standing tradition of the City admitting women to the Freedom. Although nowadays usually called Freemen as well, the historically correct way of referring to them is Free Sisters.

List of Freemen

The mixed list below contains just some of the names of people who have received the Freedom or Honorary Freedom over the years:

Royal Family members, and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom:


Presidents of the United States of America:


International Leaders:


Entrepreneurs and Academics:

Guy Moreton:- Founder and CEO of MorePeople


Cardinals of the Catholic Church:


Diplomats:


Actors, singers, and artists:


Historically notable Britons:


Other recipients:


Honorary Freedom

The granting of the Honorary Freedom of the City of London (or Freedom Honoris Causa) is extremely rare and generally awarded today only to Royalty, Heads of State, or figures of genuine global standing. It is the greatest honour that is in the power of the City of London to bestow, and usually takes place in Guildhall in the presence of the Common Council and the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, along with invited guests.

The most recent recipient after a gap of some eleven years was Archbishop Desmond Tutu, with the ceremony taking place at Mansion House 2013. In 1996 Nelson Mandela, as President of South Africa, received the same honour. The presentation on such occasions is made by the Chamberlain of London, and is often followed by a banquet at Guildhall or Mansion House. Historically, the first personage to be so honoured was William Pitt the Elder in 1757. However, there are also records of the presentation of such in May 1698 to Philemon Philip Carter, son of Nathaniel Carter (goldsmiths) in the "Freedom of the City Admission Papers" 1681-1930. For many years it was the custom to present the Freedom in specially commissioned and unique gold or silver caskets, the design of which was inspired by the background and the achievements of the individual to which it was presented. More normal today would be to present the honour in the form of a scroll in an inscribed box.[citation needed]

References

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  2. ^ "Churchill's Title Has Ancient Roots; Includes Right to Enter City Almhouses". The New York Times. 1943-07-01.
  3. ^ See: Acceptance Speech
  4. ^ a b "Honors to Beaconsfield" (PDF). The New York Times. 1878-08-04. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  5. ^ "Must win Ireland, says Lloyd George" (PDF). The New York Times. 1917-04-28. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  6. ^ "Freedom of London for Col. Roosevelt" (PDF). The New York Times. 1910-03-04. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  7. ^ "Eisenhower to get honor". The New York Times. 1945-06-10.
  8. ^ "Gen. Grant at Guildhall" (PDF). The New York Times. 1877-06-30. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
  9. ^ "President Wilson's Speech At the Guildhall in London" (PDF). The New York Times. 1918-12-29. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  10. ^ See: Acceptance Speech Archived 2007-11-09 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "London's Freedom Given to Premier". The Toronto World. July 30, 1915. p. 5.
  12. ^ a b "London lionizing Botha" (PDF). The New York Times. 1907-04-17. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  13. ^ "Prime Facts 23" (PDF). Museum of Australian Democracy. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Kohl to be given honorary freedom of the City of London". BBC news website. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  15. ^ migration (2014-03-29). "PM Lee's 'very good day' in London". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  16. ^ "Reply by Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew to the Chamberlain's address at the presentation of the Honorary Freedom of the City, Guildhall, London, 15 JUL 82" (PDF). National Archives of Singapore. 15 July 1982. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  17. ^ "London Honors Gen. Smuts" (PDF). The New York Times. 1917-05-02. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  18. ^ "Last Crown Prince of Austria receives the Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2007-07-11. Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  19. ^ "Governor of South Australia receives the Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2005-06-24. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  20. ^ "World-famous shoe designer receives Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2006-11-15. Archived from the original on 2007-06-24. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  21. ^ "The Freedom of the City". City of London. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  22. ^ "List of Applicants for the Freedom of the City of London". City of London. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  23. ^ "London People: George Peabody". Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  24. ^ "Cardinal Martino awarded Freedom of the City of London". Independent Catholic News. 6 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.
  25. ^ Irish Post 17 July 2017
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-21. Retrieved 2016-01-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "City of London makes Morgan Freeman a freeman". Mail Online. 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  28. ^ "Pavarotti receives freedom of the City of London" (Press release). British Red Cross. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  29. ^ Vincent, Alice (16 April 2013). "Opera singer Placido Domingo to receive freedom of the City of London". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.
  30. ^ "Sir Michael Caine given Freedom of City of London". Evening Standard. 8 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  31. ^ Wooden Pegg (2013-03-08), Sir Michael Caine Given City Of London Freedom, retrieved 2019-07-16
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  33. ^ Rowling, J.K. "J.K. Rowling". TM Warner Bros and J.K. Rowling. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  34. ^ "EELS on Instagram: "HONARY FREEMAN OF LONDON, SIR MARCUS OLIVER EVERETT. E can now legally bring his flock of sheep across London Bridge and if he commits a…"". Instagram. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
  35. ^ Tolhurst, Alain (16 September 2013). "Geldof given freedom of City of London for charity work and contribution to music". London24. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013.
  36. ^ "Damian Lewis awarded freedom of the City of London". BBC News. 20 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  37. ^ Pimlott Baker, Anne (2004). "Audrey Russell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
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  39. ^ "London Honors Gen. Booth" (PDF). The New York Times. 1905-10-27. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  40. ^ See also: Report on Salvation Army website
  41. ^ "Chamberlain gets Freedom of London". The New York Times. 1926-03-26.
  42. ^ "The Chief Justice in London" (PDF). The New York Times. 1876-03-10. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  43. ^ "London Honors Earl Grey" (PDF). The New York Times. 1912-01-24. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  44. ^ "London Honors Kitchener" (PDF). The New York Times. 1898-11-05. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  45. ^ "Speech by Lord Milner" (PDF). The New York Times. 1901-07-24. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
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  49. ^ "Mr. Chamberlain Honored" (PDF). The New York Times. 1902-02-14. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  50. ^ a b "Salvation Army Leaders Receive Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). The Salvation Army. 2007-09-13. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  51. ^ "The Freedom of the City" (PDF). The New York Times. 1910-12-04. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  52. ^ "Crista Cullen receives Freedom of the City of London". England Hockey. 30 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013.
  53. ^ "Agenda item - List of applicants for the Freedom of the City:". democracy.cityoflondon.gov.uk. 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  54. ^ [democracy.cityoflondon.gov.uk]
  55. ^ Marsh, Steve. "Brian DEAR ... (1962 - 1969)". theyflysohigh.co.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  56. ^ Simpson, Colin. "Welcome | The Worshipful Company of Firefighters". www.firefighterscompany.org. Retrieved 2016-09-16.
  57. ^ Bonham, Martin (November 2010). "Members News" (PDF). Worshipful Company of Firefighters. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  58. ^ "Who you're saluting: Corporal Joshua Leakey, VC – Armed Forces Day". Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  59. ^ "Leading Finnish cultural figure awarded Freedom of the City" (Press release). City of London. 2007-09-21. Archived from the original on 2010-12-26. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  60. ^ [www.academiasanctiambrosii.it] (President)
  61. ^ Krieger, Candice (20 December 2007). "Ari Norman designs the ultimate family Chanucah gift". The Jewish Chronicle. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  62. ^ Allderidge, Patricia H. "Dadd, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37337.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  63. ^ Jonathan Andrews (7 November 1997). The History of Bethlem. Routledge. p. 504. ISBN 978-0-415-01773-2. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  64. ^ "The English Democrats". www.voteenglish.org. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  65. ^ "London 2012 athlete David Weir given City of London freedom". BBC News. 3 December 2012.
  66. ^ "The city and Sir James Willcocks". The Times (36505). London. 12 July 1901. p. 11.
  67. ^ "Lord Provost of Glasgow to receive Freedom of City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
John Scott England Freedom of the City Admission Papers

Further reading

  • London's Roll of Fame: Being Complimentary Notes and Addresses from the City of London, on Presentation of the Honorary Freedom of that City, and on Other Occasions, to Royal Personages, Statesmen etc. The City of London Corporation, Benjamin Scott (ed.), 1884