In the 2010s, uprisings of the Islamic State (IS), formerly called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), have led to violations of religious freedom in certain parts of Iraq. IS is a Sunni jihadist group that claims religious authority over all Muslims across the world and aspires to bring most of the Muslim-inhabited regions of the world under its political control beginning with Iraq. ISIS follows an extreme anti-Western interpretation of Islam, promotes religious violence and regards those who do not agree with its interpretations as infidels or apostates. Concurrently, IS aims to establish a Salafist-orientated Islamist state in Iraq, Syria and other parts of the Levant.
As ISIL loses territory throughout Iraq, the armed forces and allied militias have restored crosses and Christians are being allowed to finally return to their homes.
There were allegations that the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) engaged in discriminatory behavior against Christians. Assyrian Christians alleged that the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) dominated judiciary continued to discriminate routinely against Assyrians and failed to enforce judgments in their favor. The KRG rejects allegations that the Kurdish government ever aimed to discriminate against Christians in any way.