This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Frederick Schauer

Frederick Schauer (born 15 January 1946) is the David and Mary Harrison Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Virginia and Frank Stanton Professor (Emeritus) of the First Amendment at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.[1][2] He is well known for his work on American constitutional law, especially free speech, and on legal reasoning, especially the nature and value of legal formalism. In 2013, Schauer was the third highest paid professor at UVA Law, earning $302,000 that year.[3]

In his 1982 book Free Speech: A Philosophical Enquiry, Schauer says that government attempts to restrict freedom of expression have resulted in a disproportionate number of government mistakes. He argued that when governments restrict expression, they are incentivized to censor criticism of themselves, which makes it harder for them to assess the cost and benefits of their subsequent actions.[4]



  • The Force of Law (2015).[5]
  • The Theory of Rules, by Karl Llewellyn, edited and with an introduction by Schauer (2011).
  • Thinking Like a Lawyer: A New Introduction to Legal Reasoning (2009).
  • The Supreme Court, 2005 Term — Foreword: The Court’s Agenda – And the Nation’s, 120 Harv. L. Rev. 4 (2006).
  • Profiles, Probabilities, and Stereotypes (2003).[6]
  • Playing By the Rules: A Philosophical Examination of Rule-Based Decision-Making in Law and in Life (1991).[7]
  • The Philosophy of Law: Classic and Contemporary Readings with Commentary (with Walter Sinnott-Armstrong) (1996).
  • Supplements to Gunther, Constitutional Law (1983–1996).
  • Law and Language (editor) (1992).
  • The First Amendment: A Reader (with John H. Garvey) (1992).
  • Free Speech: A Philosophical Enquiry (1982).[4]
  • The Law of Obscenity (1976).


  1. ^ a b "Faculty - University of Virginia School of Law". University of Virginia School of Law. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  2. ^ "Everything we do is tentative. An interview with Prof. Frederick Schauer". Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  3. ^ Lat, David (23 April 2013). "How Much Does Your Law Professor Make? UVA Law Edition". Above the Law. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b Macklem, Peter; Rogerson, Carol, eds. (2017). Canadian Constitutional Law (5th ed.). Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications Limited. p. 991. ISBN 978-1-77255-070-2.
  5. ^ Reviewed by Mark Greenberg, How to Explain Things with Force, 129 Harv. L. Rev. 1932 (2016).
  6. ^ Reviewed by Lee, Felicia R. (13 December 2003). "Discriminating? Yes. Discriminatory? No". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  7. ^ Reviewed by Rakowski, Eric (July 1993). "Book Review". Ethics. 103 (4): 828–830. doi:10.1086/293562.