This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street station

 Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street
 "C" trainFranklin Avenue Shuttle
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
Fulton Franklin subway entrance jeh.JPG
Entrance on south side of Fulton Street
Station statistics
AddressFranklin Avenue & Fulton Street
Brooklyn, NY 11216
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleBedford-Stuyvesant
Coordinates40°40′52″N 73°57′21″W / 40.681126°N 73.955712°W / 40.681126; -73.955712
DivisionB (BMT/IND)
LineBMT Franklin Avenue Line
IND Fulton Street Line
Services      A late nights (late nights)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)​
      S all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B25, B48, B49
Levels2
Other information
OpenedOctober 18, 1999; 20 years ago (1999-10-18)[1]
Station code627[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2018)2,051,171 (station complex)[4]Decrease 0.3%
Rank229 out of 424

Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street is a station complex shared by the BMT Franklin Avenue Line and the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway, located at Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. It is served by the:

Station layout

2F Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound Franklin Avenue Shuttle toward Prospect Park (Park Place)
(Demolished: Dean Street)
1F Crossover to northbound Fulton St. platform
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B Northbound platform Fare control
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "C" train toward 168th Street ("A" train toward 207th Street late nights) (Clinton–Washington Avenues)
Northbound express "A" train does not stop here
Southbound express "A" train does not stop here →
Southbound local "C" train toward Euclid Avenue ("A" train toward Far Rockaway late nights) (Nostrand Avenue)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound platform Fare control

BMT Franklin Avenue Line platform

 Franklin Avenue
 Franklin Avenue Shuttle
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
NYCS R68 Franklin Shuttle.jpg
Two-car train of R68s terminating at Franklin Avenue
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)
LineBMT Franklin Avenue Line
Services      S all times (all times)
StructureElevated
Platforms1 side platform
Tracks1
Other information
OpenedAugust 15, 1896; 123 years ago (1896-08-15)[5][6]
Rebuilt1924; 95 years ago (1924) (Dual Contracts)
October 18, 1999; 20 years ago (1999-10-18) (shuttle refurbishment)
Station code139[2]
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other namesFranklin Avenue–Fulton Street
Station succession
Next north(Terminal): S all times
Next southDean Street (demolished): no regular service
Park Place: S all times


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northnone: S all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southPark Place: S all times
Track layout
Bidirectional track

Franklin Avenue on the BMT Franklin Avenue Line (also known as Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street) has one track and one side platform. It is the northern terminal of the Franklin Avenue Shuttle.

History

This elevated station opened on August 15, 1896 to connect with the adjacent Franklin Avenue station of the Fulton Street Elevated (see § BMT Fulton Street Line platforms). It was a replacement for the August 18, 1878-built Bedford Terminal station originally built by the Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway.[7] It was a two-track through station with side platforms and the point where steam railroad trains from the Fulton Street Line turned onto the BMT Brighton Line to access Brighton Beach. The station also had a connection with the Franklin Avenue Line streetcars, [7] as well as Fulton Street Line streetcars.

In 1920, the track connection to the Fulton Street Line was severed as Brighton Line trains to Downtown Brooklyn and Manhattan were rerouted via a new tunnel under Flatbush Avenue. In 1924, the station was rebuilt as a single-track station. The former westbound (now northbound) track was decked over with a wood platform to accommodate crowds transferring between the Fulton Street and Franklin Avenue Lines. The station platforms were also extended south to accommodate longer trains. Originally accommodated for five elevated BU cars for a length of ~250 ft (~76 m), they were now able to hold six subway-type AB Standard cars for a length of ~402 feet (~123 m).

The next stop to the south was Dean Street but only for Brighton Line trains. The next stop to the west was Grand Avenue. When the BMT system was taken over by the City of New York on June 1, 1940, the Fulton Street Elevated Line was closed and later demolished while paper transfers were issued at Franklin Avenue for passengers to access the new IND Fulton Street Line subway.

In 1985, the station had only 210 paying daily riders on a typical weekday in 1985 not counting farebeaters, making it one of the least used stations in the system.[8]

Rehabilitation

Platform awaiting shuttle train

This station was completely rebuilt between 1998 and 1999[7][9] as a single-track station with a single platform on the west side of the track.[10] The new platform is only 180 feet (55 metres) long and can accommodate a train of two 75 ft (23 m)-long cars, or three 60 ft (18 m)-long cars. The track ends at a bumper block at the north end of the platform.[10]

The 1999 artwork here is called Life and Continued Growth by Eric Pryor. It consists of stained glass panels on the top of the entranceway to the shuttle platform.

Exit

At the north end of the platform is the station's main station house, a three-story building on the southwest corner of Fulton Street and Franklin Avenue that connects to both platforms of Franklin Avenue on the IND Fulton Street Line.[11] One up-only escalator and one long staircase go down to the fare control area at ground level, where one staircase goes down to the southbound IND platform and one turnstile bank provides access to/from the station. A set of doors then lead out to the streets after the token booth.[12]

The shuttle platform has another short staircase that goes down to a glass-enclosed bridge above Fulton Street. On the other end is an elevator and one staircase going down to the northbound IND platform. A second elevator from the shuttle platform goes down to the overpass, main fare control area, and the southbound IND platform. These two elevators make the entire station complex ADA-accessible.[12]

IND Fulton Street Line platforms

 Franklin Avenue
 "C" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Franklin Av IND vc.jpg
C train leaving station
Station statistics
DivisionB (IND)
LineIND Fulton Street Line
Services      A late nights (late nights)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedApril 9, 1936; 83 years ago (1936-04-09)[13]
Station code178[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Station succession
Next northClinton–Washington Avenues: A late nightsC all except late nights
Next southNostrand Avenue: A late nightsC all except late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northJay Street–MetroTech: A late nightsC all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southUtica Avenue: A late nightsC all except late nights

Franklin Avenue is an underground local station on the IND Fulton Street Line. Opened on April 9, 1936,[13] it has four tracks and two side platforms. The two center express tracks are used by the A train during daytime hours.[10]

Both platforms have a lime green trim line on a dark green border with small "FRANKLIN" signs below them in white lettering on a black border. The name tablets read "FRANKLIN AVE." in white sans serif font on dark green background and lime green border. Directional signs are underneath them.

Prior to introduction of the MetroCard, the Euclid Avenue-bound platform had a same-level fare control and a paper bus-style transfer was handed out at either IND fare control areas (the only place in the subway where this was still being done) for access to the shuttle station only. After the MetroCard was introduced, a paper MetroCard transfer was issued from a machine that resembled a bus farebox. These transfers were good for twenty minutes and were discontinued after construction of the in-system transfer.

Exits

Fare control areas are at the extreme east (railroad south) end of the platforms. On the Manhattan-bound side, there is an unstaffed turnstile bank and one staircase going up to the northeast corner of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street. Inside fare control, one staircase and one elevator go up to the overpass above Fulton Street that connects to the shuttle platform. On the Euclid Avenue-bound platform, a staircase goes up to the main station house, where a connection to the Franklin Avenue Shuttle is available.[11] An elevator from the platform goes up to the shuttle platform with intermediate stops at the main station house and overpass.[12]

Directional signs obscured with paint, along with newly tiled rooms, point to evidence of a closed exits on the west (railroad north) end of the station, which went to both eastern corners of Classon Avenue and Fulton Street.[14] These exits were closed in the 1980s.[14] The exit to the Manhattan-bound platform is blocked by a trapdoor, while the exit to the eastbound platform is completely sealed.

BMT Fulton Street Line platforms

 Franklin Avenue
 
Former New York City Subway station
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)
LineBMT Fulton Street Line (formerly)
ServicesNone
StructureElevated
Platforms1 side platform, 1 island platform
Tracks3 tracks
Other information
OpenedApril 24, 1888; 131 years ago (1888-04-24)
ClosedJune 1, 1940; 79 years ago (1940-06-01)
Station succession
Next westGrand Avenue
Next eastNostrand Avenue

This original elevated station at this intersection opened on April 24, 1888 along the demolished BMT Fulton Street Line. It was originally built by the Kings County Elevated Railway, and was not only one of the original stations along the line, but the penultimate station, until it was extended to Albany and Sumner Avenues the next month, Rockaway Avenue by the end of the year, Van Siclen Avenue in 1889, Montauk Avenue in 1892, and Grant Avenue in 1894. In 1896, the Brooklyn and Brighton Beach Railroad connected the former BF&CI line to the station. It was a two-track through station with side platforms and had a third track along the south the point where steam railroad trains from the Fulton Street Line turned onto the BMT Brighton Line to access Brighton Beach. The southern platform was shared with the northbound Brighton Line making a two sided platform at right angles As with the Franklin Street platforms, the station also had a connection with the Franklin Avenue Line streetcars.[7]

When the extension of the Montague Street Tunnel under Flatbush Avenue rerouted Brighton Line trains to Downtown Brooklyn in 1920, the track connection to the BMT Franklin and Brighton Lines were severed.[15] The connection to the now Franklin Avenue Shuttle was rebuilt in 1924 as a single-track station. The former westbound (now northbound) track was decked over with a wood platform to accommodate crowds transferring between the Fulton Street and Franklin Avenue Lines.

The next stop to the east was Nostrand Avenue. The next stop to the west was Grand Avenue. When the BMT system was taken over by the City of New York on June 1, 1940, the Fulton Street Elevated Line was closed[16] and later demolished as the IND Fulton Avenue Subway station built four years earlier was used as a replacement.[13] The portion of the Fulton Street Elevated line beneath the Franklin Avenue shuttle platforms remained standing until the reconstruction project of 1998 and 1999.[17]

References

  1. ^ Thomas J. Lueck, New York Times, Subway Shuttle Gets $74 Million Makeover, October 18, 1999, page B3
  2. ^ a b c "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  5. ^ "New Route to Coney Island". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 14, 1896. p. 12.
  6. ^ "First Trains to Brighton". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 14, 1896. p. 7.
  7. ^ a b c d "The lore of the FRANKLIN AVENUE SHUTTLE - Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  8. ^ Levine, Richard (November 5, 1986). "COLUMN ONE: TRANSPORT". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  9. ^ Blair, Jayson (July 25, 1998). "18-Month Renovation for Brooklyn Shuttle". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  10. ^ a b c Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Bedford-Stuyvesant" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved July 5, 2016.
  12. ^ a b c "Accessible Stations in the MTA Network". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  13. ^ a b c "NEW SUBWAY LINK OPENED BY MAYOR; He Tells 15,000 in Brooklyn It Will Be Extended to Queens When Red Tape Is Cut". The New York Times. April 9, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  14. ^ a b "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  15. ^ "Montague Street Tube, Brighton Subway Operation Begun". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 1, 1920. p. 53. Retrieved May 3, 2018 – via Brooklyn Public Library; newspapers.com. open access
  16. ^ "Fulton Street 'L' Was Last Word In Progreess at '88 opening". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 31, 1940. Retrieved February 19, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "The New Franklin Avenue Shuttle," by Douglas Diamond (The Third Rail Online)

External links

NYC Subway.org:

Station Reporter:

Other:

Google Maps Street View: