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Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism

Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism
Registration no.1100985

The Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism (FAIR) is a London-based Muslim advocacy and lobbying[1] group which campaigns against discrimination in the form of Islamophobia and racism.[2] It was established in 2001 as an independent charitable organization with the aim of monitoring media coverage of Islam and Muslims, and challenging examples of Islamophobia through dialogue with media organizations.[3][4] Since its inception, it has produced numerous publications relating to Islamophobia in the United Kingdom.[5] Formed in 2000,[6] Navid Akhtar and Samar Mashadi have been directors of FAIR.[7]

Aims and activities

According to the group's mission statement, it was set up "for the purpose of raising awareness of and combating Islamophobia and racism, monitoring specific incidents of Islamophobia and racism, working towards eliminating religious and racial discrimination, campaigning and lobbying on issues relevant to Muslim and other multi-ethnic communities in Britain."[2]

FAIR was active in campaigning for passing of the Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006 which outlawed the incitement towards religious hatred in Britain. They issued a memorandum in 2002 entitled "The Religious Offences Bill: A Response" to the House of Lords Select Committee in which they raised a number of publications by the far-right British National Party inciting hatred against Islam and the Muslim community in Britain, stating that this exposed a loophole in British law wherein some communities were protected from incitement to hatred whilst others were not.[8] In 2003, FAIR reported 29 incidents of assault or attacks against Muslims for that year, though they believe many went unreported. This included attacks on Muslim women and people wearing traditional Muslim clothes, as well as vandalism of mosques and Islamic centers. Also reported were desecration of Muslim graves.[9]

In 2004, the FAIR carried out a survey in association with the Muslim College and the Al-Khoei Foundation which found that since the September 11 attacks, 80 percent of Muslims surveyed reported being subjected to Islamophobia; 68 percent believed they had been treated and perceived differently; and 32 percent reported being discriminated against at airports in the United Kingdom.[10] FAIR have also co-organised events and demonstrations alongside the Muslim Council of Britain (MCB) and the National Assembly of Black People.[11]


  • Counter-Terrorism Powers: Reconciling Security and Liberty in an Open Society: Discussion Paper- A Muslim Response. (2004), London
  • A Response to the Government Consultation Paper, 'Towards Equality and Diversity: Implementing the Employment and Race Directives.' (2002) London.


  1. ^ "Islam and the West". 2002-08-12. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
  2. ^ a b T. Modood in: Spencer (2003) p. 106
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of Race and Ethnic studies, p. 218
  4. ^ Marsh (2006) p. 317
  5. ^ "Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism" official website, "Press releases."
  6. ^ Trend.Az (2009-07-07). "Muslim world is ready and willing to work closely with President Barak Obama - Academic Advisor of International Institute of Islamic Thought (Interview)". Trend.Az. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
  7. ^ "Fear and loathing in Europe: Islamophobia and the challenge of integration". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
  8. ^ McGhee (2005) p. 104
  9. ^ Annual Report on International Religious Freedom (2005). Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; US Department of State
  10. ^ See:
    • Merali et al. (2004) p. 22
    • Counter-Terrorism Powers: Reconciling Security and Liberty in an Open Society: Discussion Paper- A Muslim Response. (2004), London
  11. ^ Spencer (2003) p. 113


  • Cashmore, E, ed. (2003). Encyclopedia of Race and Ethnic Studies. Routledge. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Marsh, I. (2006). Sociology:Making sense of society. Pearson Education. ISBN 0582823129.
  • McGhee, D. (2005). Intolerant Britain?: Hate, Citizenship and Difference. McGraw-Hill International. ISBN 0335216749.
  • Merali, A.; Ameli, S.R; Elahi, M. (2004). Social Discrimination: Across the Muslim Divide. Islamic Human Rights Commission. ISBN 1903718287.
  • Spencer, S. (2003). The Politics of Migration: Managing Opportunity, Conflict and Change. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1405116358.

External links