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Football in Uruguay

Football in Uruguay
La Torre de los Homenajes desde el Mirador Rosado.jpg
A group of children playing football with the Estadio Centenario as background
CountryUruguay
Governing bodyUruguayan Football Association
National team(s)Uruguay
First played1881; 138 years ago (1881)[1]
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions

Football in Uruguay stands as the most popular sport.[2] The Uruguay national football team has won two FIFA World Cup titles in addition to a record 15 Copa América titles, making them one of the most successful teams in South America. The national team won the first edition of the tournament in 1930, and won it again in 1950.

Also, the Uruguayan national football team won the football Olympic Games twice, in 1924 and 1928 as well as the Copa de Oro de Campeones Mundiales ("Mundialito") in 1980–1981.

History

Managers and technical staff of the Central Uruguay Railway (CUR) at Peñarol station. Railway workers spread the practice of football in Uruguay

The sport was first introduced by British immigrants and expatriates in the 19th century. Some references say that the game had been introduced in 1880, at the English High School by Henry Castle Ayre,[3] born in Bedminster in March 1852.[4]

The first recorded football match in Uruguay was played in 1881 between Montevideo Rowing Club (established in 1874) and Montevideo Cricket Club (1861),[1][5] while Albion F.C. –established in Montevideo in 1891– was the first football club in the country.[note 1]

CURCC was founded by British immigrants in 1891, being predecessor of current C.A. Peñarol

British football clubs tours over South America contributed to the spread and development of football in Uruguay during the first years of the 20th century. The first club to tour was Southampton in 1904, followed by several teams (mainly from England although some Scotland clubs also visited South America) until 1929 with Chelsea being the last team to tour.[8]

British teams were considered the best in the world by then, and some of them served as inspiration to establish football clubs in Uruguay and Argentina, helped by the immigration of British citizens that had arrived to worked for British companies (mostly in railway construction). CURCC and Albion are some examples of clubs established by British immigrants to South America.[9][10]

Uruguay is a country with a population that does not exceed more than three and a half million,[11] and features a large concentration of professional football teams in the city of Montevideo. The two biggest club teams in the country's Primera División are Peñarol, which was established in 1891,[note 2] and Nacional, founded in 1899.

Club football

Club Nacional de Football was the first criollo team of Uruguay

Nacional is a result of the fusion between Montevideo Football Club and Uruguay Athletic Club, 14 May 1899. It was decided there that the club's flag Club football in Uruguay is dominated by two big Montevideo clubs, Peñarol and Nacional, which compete in the AUF Championships (Primera División).[13] Peñarol won the tournament in 50 times (including titles by its predecessor, CURRC) and Nacional 45 times, since it began in 1900. Other teams winning the league were Danubio (4 times), Defensor Sporting (4 times), River Plate F.C. (4 times), Montevideo Wanderers (3 times), Rampla Juniors (1 time), Bella Vista (1 time), Progreso (1 time), Central Español (1 time). Also, during 1923 and 1924, existed other Uruguayan football league, the FUF (Uruguayan Football Federation). Only had two tournaments, obtained by Atlético Wanderers and Peñarol (was expulsed from AUF in 1922 and reincorporated in 1926, during the Torneo del Consejo Provisorio, won by Peñarol).

Nacional and Peñarol have each won three times the Intercontinental Cup also been successful in South American competition, with Nacional having won the Copa Interamericana twice, the Recopa Sudamericana one time and Copa Libertadores three times, and Peñarol having conquered Copa Libertadores five times. Recently; 2011 Peñarol reached to the finals, and fell against Brazilian side Santos.

Matches between Peñarol and Nacional are termed the Uruguayan Clásico, the longest running football derby outside Great Britain.

Most other clubs in top division are also from Montevideo. In the 2015–16 Uruguayan Primera División season, only two clubs, Plaza Colonia and Juventud de Las Piedras, came from outside the capital. Nowadays (2015–16) Colonia and Canelones are the only departments that are represented in Uruguay's First Division.

Many Uruguayan footballers have been successful in European football, including current players Luis Suárez, Edinson Cavani and Diego Forlán. Forlán has had a successful career in Spain with Atlético Madrid, where he won both the European Golden Shoe and Pichichi Trophy twice. Suárez has had a successful career in England (with Liverpool) and Spain (with Barcelona), where he won the European Golden Shoe twice and the Pichichi Trophy.

National team

Diego Forlán with the Uruguay national team, winner of the Golden Ball in the 2010 FIFA World Cup

The Uruguay national team have won more international tournaments than any other country. In the Copa América, they are the most successful team, having won 15 titles. Uruguay won the first FIFA World Cup in 1930, defeating fierce rivals Argentina in the final.[14][15] In 1950, they won their second World Cup, defeating Brazil in the Maracanã in the final.[16] They have also won two Olympic gold medals in 1924 and 1928.[17] Finally, they also won the 1980 Mundialito, a competition in Montevideo for all of the countries that had ever won the World Cup.

Between 1970 and 2010, they failed to reach the semi-finals of the World Cup[18] until 2010, when they finished fourth.

Remarkable players

Women's national team

The women's football national team of the AUF started in 1996 and the first official competition of the national team took place in 1998. They have played against national teams of South America and teams of other continents. There were won and lost matches, but they never missed the partnership spirit and the fair play. The most remarkable matches were against teams like Argentina, Peru, Ecuador, China and other teams. They never participated in a World cup, but they could achieve to participe in a Southamerican championship. This great team is made up of players aged 16 to 30 years. Its more recent games were against Brazil, on March 8, Colombia on March 10 and Venezuela on March 12, all in the same year.

Other notable first Division teams

Danubio Football Club is a club of professional football of the Montevieo-Uruguay. It was founded on March 1, 1932 and it plays in the First Division. It obtained four Uruguayan Championships at The First Division in 1988, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2013 and 2014. At international competitions it reached the semi-final in the Copa Libertadores in 1989. In addition to that, according to the IFFHS Danubio is the third best Uruguayan club of the 20th century, just behind the two big Uruguayan teams. Its debut was in the Plaza de deportes en La Unión, which finished with a defeat scoring 1-0, but they did not give up themselves and it managed to turn itself a great club of the Uruguayan football. The team has 17 national titles and 17 official. Its stadium was inaugurated on August 25, 1957.

Other notable first division team is Defensor Sporting Club, a professional club of Montevideo, Uruguay. It won four Uruguayan Championships, in 1976, 1987, 1991 and 2007-08. At international competitions it reached the semi-final in the Copa Libertadores in 2014. In addition to that, according to the IFFHS, Defensor Sporting was the best club of the world during September 2007.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Another source states that Albion F.C. was founded by an English teacher at the William Leslie Poole School in 1882.[6][7]
  2. ^ Controversy exists on the date of the founding of C.A. Peñarol. The club's official position assumes a change of name of CURCC (founded on September 28, 1891). On the other hand, some historians state that "C.A. Peñarol" was established on December 13, 1913.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b Diego Forlán: "Montevideo es un campo de fútbol gigante" by Fabián Torres and Juan Castro, Marca.com, 22 Jan 2017
  2. ^ "Uruguay, soccer crazy nation - The Herald". Herald.co.nz. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  3. ^ "404 Not Found". 25 March 2003. Archived from the original on 25 March 2003. Retrieved 19 June 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "FreeBMD District Info". Freebmd.org.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  5. ^ HISTORIA DEL MVCC on MVCC website
  6. ^ Football: The first Hundred Years. The Untold Story. Adrian Harvey. Routledge 2005
  7. ^ The Cambridge Companion to Football. Books.google.co.uk. p. 33. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  8. ^ South American Trip of Chelsea FC 1929 by Pablo Ciullini on RSSSF
  9. ^ Historia del Fútbol Amateur en la Argentina, by Jorge Iwanczuk. Published by Autores Editores (1992) - ISBN 9504343848
  10. ^ Plaza Jewell, el club donde nació el deporte rosarino, cumple hoy 145 años, La Capital, 27 Mar 2012
  11. ^ "UNdata - country profile - Uruguay". Data.un.org. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  12. ^ Discusiones por el decanato on Fútbol.uy, 29 Sep 2009
  13. ^ "Exploring Uruguay, the world's most successful footballing nation". Independent.co.uk. 7 July 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  14. ^ Felipe Arocena; Kirk Bowman. Lessons from Latin America: Innovations in Politics, Culture, and Development. Books.google.co.uk. p. 169. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  15. ^ Williams, Richard (5 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Uruguay is a small nation with a great football history". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via The Guardian.
  16. ^ "How did Uruguay lose status as world's best?". Bbc.co.uk. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  17. ^ "Football's Greatest Rivalries: Argentina v Uruguay". Worldsoccer.com. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  18. ^ Fletcher, Paul. Uruguay 1-1 Ghana (aet). BBC. 2 July 2010.