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Flatbush Avenue

KML is from Wikidata
Flatbush Avenue
Flatbush Avenue Extension
Flatbush Avenue sign near Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Flatbush Avenue sign near Brooklyn Botanic Garden
NamesakeFlatbush (Dutch)
OwnerCity of New York
Maintained byNYCDOT
Length9.9 mi[1] (15.9 km)
LocationBrooklyn, New York City
South endMarine Parkway Bridge at Floyd Bennett Field
Major
junctions
Belt Parkway at Floyd Bennett Field
NY 27 in Flatbush
North end I-278 / Manhattan Bridge in Downtown Brooklyn
Looking north from Grand Army Plaza towards the Williamsburgh Savings Bank Tower
Beverly Road shopping area, looking north past Kings Theatre towards Erasmus Hall

Flatbush Avenue is a major avenue in the New York City Borough of Brooklyn. It runs from the Manhattan Bridge south-southeastward to Jamaica Bay, where it joins the Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge, which connects Brooklyn to the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens. The north end was extended from Fulton Street to the Manhattan Bridge as "Flatbush Avenue Extension".[2]

Flatbush Avenue, including the extension, is 9.8 miles (15.8 km) long. The avenue is a four-lane street throughout the majority of its run. North of Atlantic Avenue and south of Utica Avenue, it is a six-lane-wide median-divided street.

Effect on street grid

The diagonal path of Flatbush Avenue creates a unique street pattern in every neighborhood it touches. It is the central artery of the borough, carrying traffic to and from Manhattan past landmarks such as MetroTech Center, City Point, the Fulton Mall, Junior's, Long Island University Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Long Island Rail Road's Atlantic Terminal, the Barclays Center, Grand Army Plaza, the Brooklyn Public Library, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Prospect Park, Erasmus Hall High School, Kings Theatre, Brooklyn College, and Floyd Bennett Field.

Flatbush Avenue is the border of Prospect Heights/Park Slope and many other neighborhoods. Other main Brooklyn thoroughfares start at Flatbush Avenue, including Ocean Avenue and Empire Boulevard (both at Willink Plaza), Linden Boulevard, Eastern Parkway, and Utica Avenue.

It was originally a Native American trail, running roughly along what is now the eastern edge of Prospect Park and taking advantage of a low point in the Heights of Guan that form the spine of Long Island. A monument beside the former Flatbush Road, now inside the park, commemorates an attempt to block the road at Battle Pass during the Battle of Long Island. For much of the 19th century, it had a plank road run by a turnpike company. Historic homes line the neighborhoods around the avenue, which in the late 1920s was straightened to its current form. Streets such as Amersfort Place that are remnants of old parts of the avenue remain in the city grid as an echo of the past.

Transportation

The majority of Flatbush Avenue is served by the B41 route of MTA Regional Bus Operations, though the Q35 route also serves Flatbush Avenue south of Nostrand Avenue. Several bus routes also use the avenue for shorter stretches.[3]

The New York City Subway's IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (2 and ​5 trains) has a southern terminus at the Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College station, while the BMT Brighton Line (B and ​Q trains) and IRT Eastern Parkway Line (2, ​3, ​4, and ​5 trains) run under the avenue between Prospect Park and DeKalb Avenue, and Grand Army Plaza and Nevins Street, respectively.[4]

References

  1. ^ Google (May 23, 2019). "Flatbush Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  2. ^ Pollak, Michael. "Twain's Magical Mystery Tour", The New York Times, June 18, 2006. Accessed December 9, 2007. "The Flatbush Avenue extension was built 100 years ago through the 1850s-era Vinegar Hill neighborhood to connect Flatbush Avenue with the anticipated Manhattan Bridge, which opened in 1909."
  3. ^ "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.