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Flag of Chicago

Flag of the City of Chicago
Flag of Chicago, Illinois.svg
AdoptedOriginal, 1917; additional stars added, 1933 and 1939.
Designargent four mullets of six points gules in fess between two bars bleu de ciel
Designed byWallace Rice

The flag of Chicago consists of two blue horizontal stripes or bars on a field of white, each stripe one-sixth the height of the full flag, and placed slightly less than one-sixth of the way from the top and bottom. Between the two blue stripes are four red, six-pointed stars arranged in a horizontal row.

The City of Chicago's flag was adopted in 1917 after the design by Wallace Rice won a City Council sponsored competition. It initially had two stars, until 1933 when a third was added. The four star version has existed since 1939. The three sections of the white field and the two stripes represent geographical features of the city, the stars symbolize historical events, and the points of the stars represent important virtues or concepts. The historic events represented by the stars are the establishment of Fort Dearborn, the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, and the Century of Progress Exposition of 1933–34.

In a review by the North American Vexillological Association of 150 American city flags, the Chicago city flag was ranked second best with a rating of 9.03 out of 10, behind only the flag of Washington, D.C.[1]


History and meaning of the Chicago flag


The three white background areas of the flag represent, from top to bottom, the North, West, and South sides of the city. The top blue stripe represents Lake Michigan and the North Branch of the Chicago River. The bottom blue stripe represents the South Branch of the river and the "Great Canal", over the Chicago Portage.[2] The lighter blue on the flag is variously called sky blue[3] or pale blue;[4] in a 1917 article of a speech by Rice, it was called "the color of water".[5][6]


Kitty Kelly holding Flag of Chicago[7] from the Chicago Tribune, 1921. Note the two stars on the flag at the time.

There are four red six-pointed stars on the center white stripe. Six-pointed stars are used because five-pointed stars represent sovereign states, and because the star as designed was not found on any other known flags as of 1917.[8] The stars represent:

  • Original to the 1917 flag: This star stands for the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Its six points represent the virtues of religion, education, aesthetics, justice, beneficence, and civic pride.[2]
  • Original to the 1917 flag: This star symbolizes the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 and is original to the 1917 design. Its six points symbolize transportation, labor, commerce, finance, populousness, and salubrity (health).[2]
  • Added in 1933: This star represents the Century of Progress Exposition (1933–34). Its points refer to: Chicago's status as the United States' second largest city at the time of the stars addition (Chicago became third largest in a 1990 census when passed by Los Angeles); Chicago's Latin motto, Urbs in horto ("City in a garden"); Chicago's "I Will" motto; the Great Central Marketplace; Wonder City; and Convention City.[2]
  • Added in 1939: Commemorates Fort Dearborn, and its six points stand for political entities the Chicago region has belonged to and the flags that have flown over the area: France, 1693; Great Britain, 1763; Virginia, 1778; the Northwest Territory, 1789; Indiana Territory, 1802; and Illinois (territory, 1809, and state, since 1818).[2]

Additional stars have been proposed, with varying degrees of seriousness. The following reasons have been suggested for possible additions of a fifth star:

Flag of Chicago (2015)


In 1915, Mayor William Hale Thompson appointed a municipal flag commission, chaired by Alderman James A. Kearnes. Among the commission members were wealthy industrialist Charles Deering and impressionist painter Lawton S. Parker. Parker asked lecturer and poet Wallace Rice to develop the rules for an open public competition for the best flag design. Over a thousand entries were received.[citation needed] The 318th Cavalry Regiment (United States) incorporated the flag into their insignia.


  1. ^ "2004 American City Flags Survey", North American Vexillological Association press release, 2 October 2004
  2. ^ a b c d e "Chicago Facts: Municipal Flag". Chicago Public Library. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  3. ^ "Chicago". Chicago magazine.
  4. ^ "Flying Colors: The Best and Worst of Flag Design". Print Magazine.
  5. ^ "Association Sounds Chicago's Call . ." Chicago Commerce. Chicago Association of Commerce and Industry. December 6, 1917. p. 6.
  6. ^ Chicago's flag: The history of every star and every stripe, Chicago Tribune, 13 June, 2016
  7. ^ Marx, Kori Rumore and Ryan. "Chicago's flag: The history of every star and every stripe". Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  8. ^ Rice, Wallace; T. E. Whalen (22 July 2005). "Wallace Rice on Chicago Stars". Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  9. ^ Heise, Kenan (August 15, 1976). "It's a grand old flag. But it could be grander". Chicago Tribune Magazine. p. 34. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  10. ^ Whalen, T.E. (January 3, 2006), The Municipal Flag of Chicago: References (PDF), p. 8
  11. ^ a b c Konkol, Mark (June 30, 2015). "The Story of the Rare 5-Star Chicago Flag That Wasn't Supposed To Exist". My Chicago. DNAinfo. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  12. ^ "Please, A Moratorium On Memorials". Chicago Tribune. 23 December 1987. Retrieved 18 January 2013. Ald. Raymond Figueroa and others want a fifth star added to the city's flag in memory of Mr. Washington.
  13. ^ Chicago 2016 Newswire (December 14, 2006), Chicago Students Creatively Try to Bring Home the Bid, Chicago 2016 Committee, archived from the original on February 10, 2007, retrieved April 14, 2017
  14. ^ "Anne Burke wants fifth star on Chicago flag for Special Olympics". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  15. ^ Janssen, Kim. "Add a fifth star to Chicago flag, Justice Anne Burke tells Emanuel". Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  16. ^ a b Rumore, Kori; Marx, Ryan (June 13, 2016). "Chicago's flag: The history of every star and every stripe". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  17. ^ []
  18. ^ Marx, Kori Rumore and Ryan. "Chicago's flag: The history of every star and every stripe". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  19. ^ Marx, Kori Rumore and Ryan. "Chicago's flag: The history of every star and every stripe". Retrieved 2019-04-07.

Further reading

  • "Art and Architecture: How the Chicago Municipal Flag Came to be Chosen", Chicago Daily Tribune, July 17, 1921, p. 21.
  • "City Gets New Flag Today with Third Star for 1933 Fair", Chicago Daily Tribune, October 9, 1933, p. 7.
  • "Fort Dearborn Gets a Star on Chicago's Flag", Chicago Daily Tribune, December 22, 1939. p. 18.

External links