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First Salisbury ministry

First Salisbury ministry
Caretaker government of the United Kingdom
1885–1886
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury by George Frederic Watts.jpg
Salisbury (1882)
Date formed23 June 1885 (1885-06-23)
Date dissolved28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)
People and organisations
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterLord Salisbury
Total no. of ministers70 appointments
Member partyConservative Party
Status in legislature
Minority
dependent on IPP support
Opposition partyLiberal Party
Opposition leaders
History
Outgoing election1885 general election
Legislature term(s)
PredecessorSecond Gladstone ministry
SuccessorThird Gladstone ministry

The Marquess of Salisbury formed a caretaker government in June 1885,[1][2][3] upon his appointment as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by Queen Victoria, succeeding William Ewart Gladstone. His ministry lasted for over seven months.[3]

Cabinet

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
 The Marquess of Salisbury*23 June 1885 (1885-06-23)6 February 1886 (1886-02-06)Conservative
First Lord of the Treasury The Earl of Iddesleigh29 June 1885 (1885-06-29)1 February 1886 (1886-02-01)Conservative
Lord Chancellor The Lord Halsbury24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
Lord President of the Council The Viscount Cranbrook24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)6 February 1886 (1886-02-06)Conservative
Lord Privy Seal The Earl of Harrowby24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
Secretary of State for the Home Department Sir Richard Cross24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)1 February 1886 (1886-02-01)Conservative
Secretary of State for the Colonies Frederick Stanley24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
Secretary of State for War William Henry Smith24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)21 January 1886 (1886-01-21)Conservative
 The Viscount Cranbrook21 January 1886 (1886-01-21)6 February 1886 (1886-02-06)Conservative
Secretary of State for India Lord Randolph Churchill24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
First Lord of the Admiralty Lord George Hamilton1885 (1885)1886 (1886)Conservative
 Sir Michael Hicks Beach24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
President of the Board of Trade The Duke of Richmond24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)19 August 1885 (1885-08-19)Conservative
 Edward Stanhope19 August 1885 (1885-08-19)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
Chief Secretary for Ireland William Henry Smith23 January 1886 (1886-01-23)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
Postmaster General Lord John Manners1885 (1885)1886 (1886)Conservative
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Earl of Carnarvon27 June 1885 (1885-06-27)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
Lord Chancellor of Ireland The Lord Ashbourne1885 (1885)February 1886 (1886-02)Conservative
Secretary for Scotland The Duke of Richmond17 August 1885 (1885-08-17)28 January 1886 (1886-01-28)Conservative
Vice-President of the Council Edward Stanhope24 June 1885 (1885-06-24)17 September 1885 (1885-09-17)Conservative

Changes

  • August 1885 – The Duke of Richmond becomes Secretary for Scotland. Edward Stanhope succeeds him at the Board of Trade; his successor as Vice-President of the Council is not in the Cabinet.
  • January 1886 –
    • The Lord-Lieutenantship of Ireland goes into commission.
    • William Henry Smith becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland. Lord Cranbrook succeeds him as Secretary for War, while remaining Lord President.

List of ministers

Cabinet members are listed in bold face.

Office Name Date
Prime Minister[note 1] The Marquess of Salisbury 23 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
Leader of the House of Lords
First Lord of the Treasury The Earl of Iddesleigh 24 June 1885
Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Michael Hicks Beach 24 June 1885
Leader of the House of Commons
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Aretas Akers-Douglas 24 June 1885
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Sir Henry Holland 24 June 1885
Sir Matthew White Ridley 1885
William Jackson 1886
Junior Lords of the Treasury Charles Dalrymple 29 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
Sidney Herbert 29 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
William Walrond 29 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
Lord Chancellor The Lord Halsbury 24 June 1885
Lord President of the Council The Viscount Cranbrook 24 June 1885
Lord Privy Seal The Earl of Harrowby 24 June 1885
Secretary of State for the Home Department Sir R. A. Cross 24 June 1885
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department Charles Stuart-Wortley 30 June 1885
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Marquess of Salisbury 24 June 1885
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Robert Bourke 25 June 1885
Secretary of State for War William Henry Smith 24 June 1885
Under-Secretary of State for War Viscount Bury 26 June 1885
Financial Secretary to the War Office Henry Northcote 26 June 1885
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance Guy Dawnay 27 June 1885
Secretary of State for the Colonies Frederick Stanley 24 June 1885
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies The Earl of Dunraven 24 June 1885
Secretary of State for India Lord Randolph Churchill 24 June 1885
Under-Secretary of State for India The Lord Harris 25 June 1885
First Lord of the Admiralty Lord George Hamilton 24 June 1885
Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty Charles Ritchie 1 July 1885
Civil Lord of the Admiralty Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 1 July 1885
Vice-President of the Committee on Education Edward Stanhope 24 June 1885
Sir Henry Holland 17 September 1885
Chief Secretary for Ireland Sir William Hart Dyke 25 June 1885
William Henry Smith 23 January 1886
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Earl of Carnarvon 27 June 1885
Lord Chancellor of Ireland The Lord Ashbourne 27 June 1885
Postmaster General Lord John Manners 24 June 1885
Secretary for Scotland The Duke of Richmond 17 August 1885
President of the Board of Trade The Duke of Richmond 24 June 1885
Edward Stanhope 19 August 1885
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade Baron Henry de Worms 24 June 1885
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Henry Chaplin 24 June 1885
President of the Local Government Board Arthur Balfour 24 June 1885
Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board The Earl Brownlow 24 June 1885
Paymaster General The Earl Beauchamp 24 June 1885
First Commissioner of Works David Robert Plunket 24 June 1885
Attorney General Sir Richard Webster 27 July 1885
Solicitor General John Eldon Gorst 2 July 1885
Judge Advocate General William Thackeray Marriott 13 July 1885
Lord Advocate John Macdonald 2 July 1885
Solicitor General for Scotland James Robertson 2 July 1885
Attorney-General for Ireland Hugh Holmes 3 July 1885
Solicitor-General for Ireland John Munroe 3 July 1885
John George Gibson 1885
Lord Steward of the Household The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe 27 June 1885
Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Earl of Lathom 27 June 1885
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Viscount Lewisham 27 June 1885
Master of the Horse The Earl of Bradford 1 July 1885
Treasurer of the Household Viscount Folkestone 27 June 1885
Comptroller of the Household Lord Arthur Hill 27 June 1885
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Earl of Coventry 6 July 1885
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Viscount Barrington 27 June 1885
Master of the Buckhounds The Marquess of Waterford 27 June 1885
Mistress of the Robes The Duchess of Buccleuch 27 June 1885
Lords in Waiting The Lord de Ros 27 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
The Earl of Kintore 27 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
The Viscount Hawarden 27 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
The Lord Henniker 27 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
The Earl of Hopetoun 27 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
The Lord Elphinstone 27 June 1885 –
28 January 1886
The Lord Boston 6 July 1885 –
28 January 1886
Extra Lord in Waiting The Lord Sackville 1 October 1876 –
1 October 1888

Notes

  1. ^ The position of Prime Minister was not a formal ministerial office.

Citations

  1. ^ Yu 1939, p. 12.
  2. ^ Shannon 1996, p. 142.
  3. ^ a b "Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury". gov.uk. Retrieved 16 November 2017.

References

Preceded by
Second Gladstone ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
1885–1886
Succeeded by
Third Gladstone ministry