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Field marshal (Thailand)

Field Marshal (Royal Thai Army)
จอมพล
RTA OF-10 (Field Marshal).svg
Rank insignia of a Thai Field Marshal
Flag Thai Field Marshal.svg
Rank Flag of a Thai Field Marshal
Country  Thailand
Service branch Royal Thai Army
Rank Five-star rank
Formation 1888
Next higher rank Head of the Armed Forces
Next lower rank General
Equivalent ranks

Chom Phon (Thai: จอมพล, จอมพลทหารบก) or Field Marshal is the most senior rank of the Royal Thai Army, considered the equivalent to a Field Marshal or General of the Army (although 'Field Marshal' is more widely used). Today it is ceremonially held by members of the Thai Royal family and exists only on paper in the actual Thai military (it has not been awarded to regular commissioned officers since 1973). The Royal Thai Navy equivalent is known as Chom Phon Ruea (Admiral of the Fleet) and Chom Phon Akat (Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force) for the Royal Thai Air Force.

The King of Thailand as Head of the Armed Forces is automatically made a Chom Phon upon accession. The rank was formally created in 1888, together with all other ranks of the military by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), who wanted to modernize his Armed Forces through western lines. Apart from the monarchs, there have been 13 appointments to this rank.

Supreme Head of the Army

Portrait Name Reign from Reign until Death
King Chulalongkorn, Rama V.jpg
King Chulalongkorn
(Rama V)
1 October 1868 23 October 1910
King Vajiravudh portrait photograph.jpg
King Vajiravudh
(Rama VI)
23 October 1910 25 November 1925
King prajadhipok.jpg
King Prajadhipok
(Rama VII)
25 November 1925 2 March 1935
(abdicated)
30 May 1941
King Ananda Mahidol portrait photograph.jpg
King Ananda Mahidol
(Rama VIII)
2 March 1935 9 June 1946
Anefo 911-6993 Aankomst Koning (cropped).jpg
King Bhumibol Adulyadej
(Rama IX)
9 June 1946 13 October 2016
HRH Vajiralongkorn (Cropped).jpg
King Vajiralongkorn
(Rama X)
13 October 2016 Incumbent

List of Field Marshals

No. Image Name Life Date of Appointment Notes Refs
1
Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse.jpg
Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse 1859–1928 1910 Brother of King Chualongkorn. Held the post of Commander of the Department of Military Operation. Later her would be made Admiral of the Fleet in 1913.[1] Previously held the rank of General in the army. [2][3]
2
Field Marshal HRH Prince Chirapravati Voradej.jpg
Prince Chirapravati Voradej,
the Prince of Nakhon Chaisi
1876–1913 1911 Brother of King Vajiravudh. Held the post of Minister of Defence of Siam. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [4]
3
Chakrabongse Bhuvanath.png
Prince Chakrabongse Bhuvanath,
the Prince of Phitsanulok
1883–1920 1917 Brother of King Vajiravudh. Organised the Siamese Expeditionary Forces to be send to the Europe during the First World War. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [5][6]
4
Field Marshal Chao Phraya Bodindechanuchit (Mom Rajawongse Aroon Chatkul).jpg
Chao Phraya Bodindechanuchit
(Mom Rajawong Arun Chatrakul)
1856–1921 1917 Held the post of Commander of the Department of Military Operation. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [5][7]
5
Prince Paribatra Sukhumbhand.jpg
Prince Paribatra Sukhumbandhu,
the Prince of Nakhon Sawan
1881–1944 1917 Brother of King Vajiravudh. Held the post of Siamese Army Chief of Staff. Also received the rank of Admiral of the Fleet in the same year. Previously held the rank of admiral in the navy. [5][8]
6
Phraya Surasakmontri.jpg
Chao Phraya Surasakmontri
(Cherm Saeng-chuto)
1851–1931 1925 Commander of the Siamese forces during the Haw wars (1865–1890). Previously held the rank of Lieutenant general in the army. [9][10][11]
7
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram.jpg
Plaek Phibunsongkhram 1897–1964 1941 Prime Minister of Thailand (1938–1944 and from 1948–1957). Held the post of Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters. Also received the ranks of Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Air Force in the same year. Popularly known as Chom Phon Por (Field marshal Por). Previously held the rank of Major general in the army. [12][13]
8
Phin Choonhavan.jpg
Phin Choonhavan 1891–1973 1953 Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand (1951–1956). Leader of the Coup Group which carried out the coup d'état of 1947. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [14][15]
9
Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg
Sarit Thanarat 1908–1963 1956 Prime Minister of Thailand (1958–1963). Held the post of Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters. Later also receive the ranks of Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Air Force in 1959.[16] Previously held the ranks of General in the army, Admiral in navy and Air Chief Marshal in the air force.[17] [18][19]
10
Thanom Kittikachorn 1960 02.jpg
Thanom Kittikachorn 1911–2004 1964 Prime Minister of Thailand (January to October 1958 and from 1963–1973). Held the post of Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters. Also received the ranks of Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Air Force at the same time. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [20][21]
11
Emblem of the Royal Thai Army.svg
Kriengkai Attanand 1913–1972 1972 Awarded posthumously by Royal Command. Helicopter crashed while in action against Communist insurgents in Ratchaburi Province. Previously held the rank of Lieutenant general (as commander of the First Army Area). Commanded the Royal Thai Expeditionary Forces during the Korean War. [22][23]
12
Praphas Charusathien.jpg
Praphas Charusathien 1912–1997 1973 Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand (1963–1971). Also received the ranks of Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Air Force at the same time. Held the post of Commander-in-chief of the Royal Thai Army. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [24][25]
13
Queen Sirikit in 1962.jpg
Queen Regent Sirikit of Thailand 1932–present 1992 Consort of King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Also received the ranks of Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Air Force at the same time. Possibly the only female in history to attain such ranks. [26]

See also

References

  1. ^ Royal Gazette, Awarding of Naval Commissions, Volume 30, Page 2441, 18 January 2456 B.E.
  2. ^ Royal Gazette, Awarding of Army Commissions, Volume 27, Page 2165, 18 December 2453 B.E.
  3. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ เจ้าฟ้าภาณุรังษีสว่างวงษ์". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  4. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล พระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ กรมหลวงนครไชยศรีสุรเดช". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  5. ^ a b c Royal Gazette, Awarding of Military Commissions, Volume 34, Page 2867, 31 December 2460 B.E.
  6. ^ ทหารอาสาสงครามโลกอนุสรณ์ ในบรมราชูปถัมภ์ ๑๑ พฤศจิกายน ๒๔๙๖ (PDF). 1953.
  7. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล เจ้าพระยาบดินทรเดชานุชิต (หม่อมราชวงศ์ อรุณ ฉัตรกุล)". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  8. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ เจ้าฟ้าบริพัตรสุขุมพันธุ์". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 14 September 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  9. ^ Royal Gazette, Awarding of military ranks, Volume 43, Page 432, 2 May 2469 B.E.
  10. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล เจ้าพระยาสุรศักดิ์มนตรี ( เจิม แสง-ชูโต )". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  11. ^ Pramote Channgam. "Famed general, Sriracha founder honoured". www.pattayamail.com. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  12. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement of Royal Decree, Volume 58, Page 981, 28 July 2484 B.E.
  13. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล หลวงพิบูลสงคราม ( จอมพล แปลก พิบูลสงคราม )". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 26 August 2002. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  14. ^ Royal Gazette, Awarding of military ranks, Volume 70, Chapter 23, 7 April 2496 B.E.
  15. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล ผิน ชุณหะวัณ". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  16. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Secretariat of the Cabinet pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 76, Chapter 28, Page 12, 28 February 2502 B.E.
  17. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Secretariat of the Cabinet pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 72, Chapter 20, Page 660, 15 March 2498 B.E.
  18. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Secretariat of the Cabinet pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 73, Chapter 26, Page 1, 27 March 2499 B.E.
  19. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 28 April 2002. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  20. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 81, Chapter 3, Page 1, 11 January 2507 B.E.
  21. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล ถนอม กิตติขจร". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  22. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 89, Chapter 150, Page 36, 6 October 2515 B.E.
  23. ^ พิมพ์เป็นธรรมบรรณาการในงานพระราชทานเพลิงศพ จอมพล เกรียงไกร อัตตะนันทน์ ณ เมรุหน้าพลับพลาอิศริยาภรณ์ วัดเทพศิรินทราวาส วันที่ 11 กันยายน 2516. โรงเรียนอักษรสัมพันธ์. 1973.
  24. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 90, Chapter 64, Page 1, 6 June 2516 B.E.
  25. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล ประภาส จารุเสถียร". www.rta.mi.th. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  26. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 109, Chapter 111, Page 1, 4 August 2535 B.E.