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|Federation of Nigeria|
"Unity and Faith"
Nigeria, We Hail Thee
Hausa · Igbo · Yoruba
|•||1960||Sir James Wilson Robertson|
|•||1960–1963||Abubakar Tafawa Balewa|
|•||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|•||Independence||1 October 1960|
|•||Republic||1 October 1963|
|Area||923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)|
The Federation of Nigeria was a predecessor to modern-day Nigeria. It existed between 1 October 1960 and 1 October 1963.
When British rule ended in 1960, the Nigeria Independence Act 1960 transformed the Federation of Nigeria into an independent sovereign state. The British monarch, Elizabeth II, remained head of state as the Queen of Nigeria as well as Queen of the United Kingdom and other independent states. Her constitutional roles in Nigeria were delegated to the Governor-General of Nigeria. Two people held the office of governor-general:
The Federal Republic of Nigeria came into existence on 1 October 1963. The monarchy was abolished and Nigeria became a republic within the Commonwealth. Following the abolition of the monarchy, former Governor-General Nnamdi Azikiwe became President of Nigeria.
Elizabeth II did not visit the Federation of Nigeria between 1960 and 1963. She did visit: