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Falta, South 24 Parganas

Falta is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal
Falta is located in India
Location in India
Coordinates: 22°18′07″N 88°07′42″E / 22.3020°N 88.1284°E / 22.3020; 88.1284
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictSouth 24 Parganas
CD blockFalta
 • Total0.36 km2 (0.14 sq mi)
8 m (26 ft)
 • Total969
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code+91 3174
Vehicle registrationWB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99
Lok Sabha constituencyDiamond Harbour
Vidhan Sabha constituencyFalta

Falta is a village under Falta police station of Falta CD Block in Diamond Harbour subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal.[1]


Falta was an old human settlement of pre-British India. When Siraj-ud-Daulah sacked Kolkata in 1756, the English residents moved to Falta temporarily.[2]


Falta is located at 22°18′07″N 88°07′42″E / 22.3020°N 88.1284°E / 22.3020; 88.1284. It has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft).


As per the 2011 Census of India, Falta had a total population of 969, of which 490 (51%) were males and 479 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 113. The total number of literates in Falta was 719 (84.00% of the population over 6 years).[3]

Civic administration

Police station

Falta police station was established in 1906. It covers an area of 135.58 sq km spread over Falta CD block.[4][5]


An Export Processing Zone (EPZ) was established by the government of India at Falta in 1984. It later became a Free Trade Zone (FTZ) and subsequently became a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) under the West Bengal SEZ Act, 2003. It was the first SEZ act passed by any state government in India. Therefore, the Falta SEZ was the first SEZ in India. After the government of India passed the SEZ Act in 2005, the Falta SEZ came under the purview of this act.[6] A Special Economic Zone is a specially delineated duty-free enclave and is deemed to be foreign territory for the purpose of trade operations and duties and tariffs. The units in the Zone have to export their entire production and are granted certain entitlements.[7]

Falta SEZ was set up over 280 acres of land It has 271 companies, of which 107 are closed. About 60% of the workforce in the SEZ are women.[6] In 2003-04, export from Falta stood at about Rs 1,500 crore,[8]


Falta Block Primary Health Centre at Falta, with 10 beds, is the major government medical facility in Falta CD block.[9]



  1. ^ "Census of India". District-wise list of stautory towns. Directorate of census operations, West Bengal. Archived from the original on 9 August 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
  2. ^ Calcutta the Living City, Vol I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p.9, Oxford University Press
  3. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Falta police station". Diamond Harbour police district. West Bengal police. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 South 24 Parganas". Table No. 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Falta SEZ in West Bengal - A fact-finding report on workers and environmental impact". Sanhati. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  7. ^ "Falta Special Economic Zone". Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  8. ^ "Falta SEZ units seek simpler norms". Business Standard, 30 August 2004. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  9. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department" (PDF). Health Statistics – Block Primary Health Centres. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 November 2019.