Fairview was formed on December 19, 1894, from portions of Ridgefield Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone. The borough is named for its view of the Hackensack River valley.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.843 square miles (2.185 km2), including 0.842 square miles (2.182 km2) of land and 0.001 square miles (0.003 km2) of water (0.13%).
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,835 people, 4,853 households, and 3,256.363 families residing in the borough. The population density was 16,421.8 per square mile (6,340.5/km2). There were 5,150 housing units at an average density of 6,112.9 per square mile (2,360.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 66.40% (9,186) White, 2.94% (407) Black or African American, 0.66% (92) Native American, 4.63% (640) Asian, 0.03% (4) Pacific Islander, 19.66% (2,720) from other races, and 5.68% (786) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 54.63% (7,558) of the population. The city's Hispanic population was the 12th-highest percentage among municipalities in New Jersey as of the 2010 Census.
There were 4,853 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.6 years. For every 100 females there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 114.2 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $43,341 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,441) and the median family income was $53,285 (+/- $6,982). Males had a median income of $36,241 (+/- $8,067) versus $32,069 (+/- $7,902) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,477 (+/- $1,520). About 11.4% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, 4.6% of Fairview's residents identified themselves as being of Croatian ancestry. This was the 16th-highest percentage in the United States and the highest percentage of people with Croatian ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. In the same census, 2.4% of Fairview's residents identified themselves as being of Armenian American ancestry, the 18th highest percentage of Armenian American people in any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. As of the 2000 Census, 1.9% of residents identified themselves as being of Turkish American ancestry, the third-highest of any municipality in the United States and second-highest in the state.
There were 4,861 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the borough the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.7 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $40,393, and the median income for a family was $46,365. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $29,905 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,835. 11.8% of the population and 9.3% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Fairview is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Fairview, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2019[update], the Mayor of Fairview is Democrat Vincent A. Bellucci Jr., whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Fairview Borough Council are Violetta Berisha (D, 2019; elected to serve an unexpired term), Stephen Burke (D, 2020), Jhon Gomez (D, 2021), Albert Lukin (D, 2020), Russell Martin (D, 2019) and Stephen J. Russo (D, 2021).
In May 2017, the Borough Council selected Violetta Berisha to fill the seat expiring December 2019 that became vacant following the resignation of John Rossi. Berisha serve on an interim basis until the November 2017 general election, when she was elected to serve the balance of the term.
Russell Martin was named in January 2012 to fill the council vacancy of the seat that had been held by John Pierotti following his death, and won the remainder of the term the 2012 General Election, running unopposed for the seat.
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year; a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore are selected from among its seven members at a reorganization meeting held each January.
As of 2018[update], the County Executive is Democratic James J. Tedesco III of Paramus, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Bergen County's Freeholders are
Freeholder Chairman Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman ends 2018),
Freeholder Vice-Chairwoman Germaine M. Ortiz (D, Emerson, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder vice-chairwoman ends 2018),
Freeholder Chairman Pro-Tempore Mary J. Amoroso (D, Mahwah, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman pro-tempore ends 2018),
David L. Ganz (D, Fair Lawn, 2020),
Steve Tanelli (D, North Arlington, 2018),Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee, 2020) and
Tracy Silna Zur (D, Franklin Lakes, 2018), Bergen County's constitutional officials are
County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale, 2021),
Sheriff Michael Saudino (D, Emerson, 2019) and
Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill, 2021).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,945 registered voters in Fairview, of which 2,374 (48.0% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 487 (9.8% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,082 (42.1% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 35.7% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 44.4% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,549 votes (71.6% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 944 votes (26.5% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,562 ballots cast by the borough's 5,456 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.3% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,608 votes (66.9% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,193 votes (30.6% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 36 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 3,899 ballots cast by the borough's 5,703 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.4% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 2,262 votes (62.9% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 1,296 votes (36.0% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 21 votes (0.6% vs. 0.7%), among the 3,599 ballots cast by the borough's 5,661 registered voters, for a turnout of 63.6% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 55.3% of the vote (976 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 43.5% (767 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (22 votes), among the 1,862 ballots cast by the borough's 5,088 registered voters (97 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 1,445 ballots cast (63.7% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 690 votes (30.4% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 85 votes (3.7% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 17 votes (0.7% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,268 ballots cast by the borough's 5,356 registered voters, yielding a 42.3% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 17.16 miles (27.62 km) of roadways, of which 13.48 miles (21.69 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.13 miles (3.43 km) by Bergen County and 1.55 miles (2.49 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The privately owned FT 9X operates between Nungesser's (at 90th Street and Bergenline Avenue) in North Bergen, Hudson County to the GWB Bus Terminal via Palisade Avenue; this last route passes through Fairview for one block between Hamilton Avenue / Woodcliff Avenue to Anderson Avenue / Woodcliff Avenue.
^"History of Bergen County" Vol. 1, p. 357-359 shows a date of formation of December 4, 1894.
^Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 11, New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed September 15, 2013. "For a period of sixteen years following the passage of this act few boroughs were organized in the State, only three of them being in Bergen County.... As it was twenty-six boroughs were created in the county from January 23, 1894, to December 18, of the same year."
^Profile 2013 – 2014Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine, Cliffside Park High School. Accessed May 29, 2017. "Cliffside Park is a residential community of approximately 23,600 residents and a geographical size of one square mile. It is a suburb of and less than one mile from New York City. The neighboring town of Fairview is a K – 8 district and Cliffside Park is the receiving district for Fairview's 9 – 12 students. Fairview has a population of approximately 13,600."
^"A Magic Moment for UCLA Basketball", BruinsNation.com, September 19, 2011. Accessed May 17, 2013. "The 6-foot-8 Anderson, who hails from Fairview, N.J., but spends summers with his mom Suzanne in Harlem - making him eligible for the summer showcase - dominated the day."