This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.
Prior to editing Astounding, Tremaine worked as an editor on several Macfadden magazines, including Brain Power (1921-1924), True Story (1924), and Macfadden Fiction-Lover's Magazine (1924-1925).
In addition, he published short stories under the pseudonym Orlin Frederick.
He became the second editor of Astounding Science Fiction in 1933 following the magazine's purchase by Street & Smith when William Clayton went bankrupt. Tremaine remained editor until 1937, during which time he bought such stories as H.P. Lovecraft's At the Mountains of Madness (sold by Julius Schwartz) and The Shadow Out of Time (sold by Donald Wandrei), apparently without reading them. Tremaine permitted both tales to be severely abridged and edited by copyeditors, although Lovecraft complained vociferously only about the former (it was on this occasion that he referred to Tremaine as "that god-damnn'd dung of a hyaena (Lovecraft to Robert H. Barlow, June 4, 1936 (ms, John Hay Library).
Desmond Hall was his assistant at Astounding, and together they became the founding editors of Street & Smith's Mademoiselle in 1935. Tremaine edited the women's magazine as well as the SF magazine until his promotion in 1937. Tremaine was succeeded as editor of Astounding by John W. Campbell, Jr., and at Mademoiselle by Betsy Blackwell.
In 1937, Tremaine was appointed Editorial Director of Street & Smith, a position he held for a year.
In 1940, he produced the short-lived science fiction magazine Comet.
In 1939 through at least 1941, he ran his own New York book publishing company, the Orlin Tremaine Co. The company published Who Do You Think You Are? (1939), by Arthur J. Burks, which was actually co-written by Burks and Tremaine. Other publications include Trujillo: The Man and His Country (1939), by Sander Ariza, and The Jungle Route (1940), by Frank W. Kravigny.
He later became editor at Bartholomew House, which published the first paperback editions of Lovecraft, The Weird Shadow Over Innsmotuh (1944) and The Dunwich Horror (1945). He also published a revision of T. C. McClary's novel Rebirth (first appearance in Astounding Stories) while at Bart House.
During the fifty issues of the magazine he published, Tremaine set Astounding up as the pre-eminent science fiction magazine and launched the careers of authors including L. Sprague de Camp and Eric Frank Russell. Tremaine was part of an old Cornish American family.