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|Metro Expo Line|
|Other name(s)||E Line (beginning 2021)|
|System||Los Angeles Metro Rail|
|Termini||Downtown Santa Monica|
7th Street/Metro Center
|Daily ridership||61,957 (October 2018; avg. weekday)|
|Opened||April 28, 2012|
|Character||Mostly at-grade in private right-of-way, with some underground, street-running, elevated, and trench sections.|
|Line length||15.2 mi (24.5 km)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Electrification||750 V DC overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|
The Expo Line is a 15.2 mi (24.5 km) light rail line that runs between Downtown Los Angeles and Santa Monica. The line is named after Exposition Boulevard, which it runs alongside for most of its route. It is one of the six lines in the Metro Rail system, and is operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro).
The Expo Line largely follows the right-of-way of the former Pacific Electric Santa Monica Air Line. Passenger service ended in 1953; freight-only service ended by March 1988. Several Expo Line stations are built in the same location as Air Line stations, although no original station structures have been reused.
When the Regional Connector is complete in 2021, the current Expo Line will be joined with the Eastside portion of the Gold Line, and the new line will be named E Line. The color will be changed from aqua to gold on maps, but the "E" will be retained.
An independent agency, the Exposition Metro Line Construction Authority, was given the authority to plan, design, and construct the line by state law in 2003. After construction was completed, the line was handed over on January 15, 2016, to the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority for testing and operation.
The line was built in two phases; the first phase comprised the 8.6-mile (13.8 km) section between Downtown Los Angeles and Culver City. Construction began in early 2006 and most stations opened to the public on April 28, 2012. The Culver City and Farmdale stations opened on June 20, 2012.
Design and construction on the 6.6-mile (10.6 km) portion between Culver City and Santa Monica started in September 2011. Testing along the phase 2 segment began on April 6, 2015, and the segment opened on May 20, 2016.
The Expo Line operates from approximately 4:30 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. on weekdays and until 2:30 a.m. on Fridays and Saturdays.
As of December 2016, trains run approximately every 6 minutes during peak hours, every 12 minutes during middays, every 10 minutes during the evening, and every 20 minutes after midnight.
Maximum speed on the route is 55 mph (89 km/h): speeds within the city of Los Angeles are reduced.
The Expo Line largely follows right of way used by the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad steam railroad, built in 1875, which was converted by Pacific Electric to electric traction and operated as the Santa Monica Air Line by 1920, providing both freight and passenger service between Los Angeles and Santa Monica. Passenger service stopped in 1953 and diesel-powered freight deliveries ended in 1988. Local advocacy groups including Friends 4 Expo Transit supported the successful passage of Proposition C in 1990, which allowed the purchase of the entire right-of-way from Southern Pacific by Metro.
Metro released a Major Investment Study in 2000 which compared bus rapid transit and light rail transit options along what was now known as the "Mid-City/Exposition Corridor"; construction of the first phase to Culver City began in mid-2006, and most stations opened to the public on April 28, 2012. The Culver City and Farmdale stations opened on June 20, 2012.
Design and construction of the 6.6-mile (10.6 km) portion between Culver City and Santa Monica started in September 2011. Testing along the phase 2 segment began on April 6, 2015, and the segment opened on May 20, 2016.
The Regional Connector is an under-construction light-rail subway corridor through Downtown Los Angeles that is to connect the current Blue and Expo Lines to the current Gold Line, and to allow a seamless one-seat ride between the Blue and Expo lines' current 7th Street/Metro Center terminus and Union Station.
Once the Regional Connector is completed, the Blue, Expo, and Gold Lines will be simplified into two rail lines: a north-south line connecting Long Beach and Azusa (colored blue), and an east-west line connecting Santa Monica and East Los Angeles (colored gold).
Beginning in 2019, Metro will commence using a renaming system where each rail and bus rapid transit line will receive a letter and color. As a result, the Santa Monica-East L.A. line will be designated as E Line, retaining the "E" from the Expo Line and gold coloring.
The groundbreaking for the construction of the Regional Connector took place on September 30, 2014, and the alignment is expected to be in public service by late 2021.
The following is the complete list of stations from Downtown Los Angeles traveling west.
|7th Street/Metro Center|| Metro Red Line
||February 15, 1991||Downtown Los Angeles|
||July 14, 1990|
||April 28, 2012||Los Angeles|
(North University Park)
||June 20, 2012||Los Angeles|
||April 28, 2012|
||June 20, 2012||Culver City|
||May 20, 2016||Los Angeles (Palms)|
||Los Angeles (Rancho Park)|
||Los Angeles (West Los Angeles)|
|17th Street/Santa Monica College||
|Downtown Santa Monica||
Previously, the light rail vehicles used on the Expo Line were maintained at the division 11 yard in Long Beach, California, the same maintenance facility that is used by the Blue Line. However, the new division 14 yard, located east of Stewart Street and north of Exposition Boulevard in the vicinity of the 26th Street/Bergamot station in Santa Monica, was opened with the completion of Phase 2.
Compatible with the rest of Metro's light-rail network, the Expo Line shares standard Metro light rail vehicles (Nippon Sharyo P865 and P2020, and Siemens P2000) with the Blue Line. Metro estimates that it has 47 light rail cars to provide service on the Expo Line under the peak-hour assumption of 3-car trains running at 6-minute headways.
Upon completion of Phase 2, it is expected that new P3010 light rail vehicles (LRVs) from Kinki Sharyo, that were ordered by the L.A. Metro board of directors in 2012, will begin operation, replacing the current LRVs in operation on the Expo Line.
The Expo Line Bikeway parallels the route of the light rail line, and includes a mixture of bike lanes on Exposition Boulevard and off-street paths alongside the rail tracks.
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