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Exchange Place station (PATH)

Exchange Place
Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH rapid transit station
Exchange Place PATH platform.JPG
View of the station platform
LocationExchange Place
Jersey City, New Jersey
Coordinates40°42′58″N 74°01′59″W / 40.7162°N 74.032981°W / 40.7162; -74.032981
Owned byPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
Line(s)Downtown Hudson Tubes
Platforms2 inter-connected side platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks2
ConnectionsHBLR @ Exchange Place
Local Transit NJT Bus: 1, 64, 68, 80, 81
Local Transit A&C Bus 4
Construction
Parking480-car parking garage
Disabled accessYes
History
Opened1909
Rebuilt1989[1]
Electrified600V (DC) Third Rail(PATH)
Traffic
Passengers (2018)5,129,804[2]Increase 3.8%
Services
Preceding station PATH logo.svg PATH Following station
Grove Street
toward Newark
NWK–WTC
Weekdays and holiday weekends
World Trade Center
Terminus
Newport
toward Hoboken
HOB–WTC
Weekdays
Grove Street
toward Newark
NWK–WTC
Weekends except holidays
Terminus
Former services
Preceding station Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Following station
Grove-Henderson Streets
toward Park Place
Park Place – Hudson Terminal Hudson Terminal
Terminus
Track layout

Exchange Place is a station on the PATH system. Located at Exchange Place near the Hudson River waterfront in the Paulus Hook neighborhood of Jersey City, New Jersey, it is served by the Newark–World Trade Center line at all times and by the Hoboken–World Trade Center line on weekdays. The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail has a stop outside the PATH station, which is also called Exchange Place.

History

Original station

The original Exchange Place station opened on July 19, 1909 at the western end of the Downtown Hudson Tubes adjacent to the Pennsylvania Railroad station and ferry terminal. The above ground entrance and platforms were refurbished in the late 1960s / early 1970s after the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey took over operations of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad.

A derailment on April 26, 1942 at this station resulted in five deaths and over 200 injuries. In that incident, the train operator Louis Vierbucken was charged with manslaughter, as he was under the influence of liquor. Court records recount that he "began to go faster and faster, disregarding warning signals and curves" and then the train derailed at the station.[3]

Present day

The present-day station entrance pavilion at Exchange Place was constructed at a cost of $66 million,[4] and was dedicated on September 13, 1989. At this time, the surrounding Paulus Hook area was beginning to undergo revitalization with new office building construction. In April 1994, a new entrance to the Exchange Place station was opened making the station ADA accessible. The new entrance was glass-enclosed and featured two elevators which led to a lower-level passageway 63 feet (19 m) down, from where another elevator went down the short distance to platform level.[5]

Exchange Place station exterior

The Exchange Place station was closed as a result of the September 11, 2001 attacks, due to water damage. Before the attacks, the station served 16,000 passengers daily.[6] The World Trade Center station was also crucial, as that station contained a loop that enabled trains to turn around and reverse direction. New trackwork was installed at a cost of $160 million,[6] which included an interlocking to allow the trains to switch tracks, thus enabling trains to terminate at Exchange Place.[7] While the station was closed, the eight-car-long station platforms were lengthened by two car lengths so they could accommodate 10-car trains.[8] On June 29, 2003, the Exchange Place PATH station reopened, restoring services to Newark, Hoboken, and 33rd Street.[9] On November 23, 2003, service was restored to the World Trade Center site with the reopening of the World Trade Center station.[10]

In February 2006, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) established a pilot project to test airport-style security screening at the Exchange Place station.[11]

In 2012, the station was inundated by 13,000,000 US gallons (49,000,000 L) of saltwater from the Hudson River, which had overflowed as a result of Hurricane Sandy. The PANYNJ later announced a resiliency project in which it planned to replace the glass revolving doors and windows that surround the turnstiles with a seven-foot-high concrete wall and aquarium glass several inches thick. The project would include in the installation of two Kevlar curtains.[12]

In June 2019, the Port Authority released the PATH Improvement Plan.[13][14][15] As part of the plan, two additional cross-corridors will be added at Exchange Place.[13]

Station layout

G Street Level Exits/Entrances
M Mezzanine One-way faregates, ticket machines, to Exits/Entrances
P
Platform level
Westbound      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Grove Street)
     HOB–WTC toward Hoboken (Newport)
Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Connecting walkway Cross-platform interchange between platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Eastbound      NWK–WTC toward World Trade Center (Terminus)
     HOB–WTC toward World Trade Center (Terminus)

The station entrance is located approximately 100 feet (30 m) west of the former, original station entrance. The station features three 150-foot (46 m)-long escalators that provide access to the platform level, located 75 feet (23 m) beneath street level.[4] In 1991, an elevator was installed to make the station accessible for the disabled, in accordance to the Americans with Disabilities Act.[16] The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail began service in April 2000, initially providing connections to Bayonne. West of the station (railroad north), there is a huge set of signals and trackways. East of the station (railroad south), both lines continue into their weekday terminus.

The station has two vestibules, each containing one side platform and one track for trains in a given direction.[7] The platforms are connected through several corridors. There are switches within the platform at the far western end of the station, where the HOB-WTC line's tracks diverge. As a result, only NWK-WTC trains can serve the whole platform.

The Newark–World Trade Center will terminate at Exchange Place on almost all weekends through 2020 for Sandy-related repairs, except on holiday weekends.[17]

Nearby attractions

References

Google Maps Street View
Christopher Columbus Drive entrance
Exchange Place entrance
Turnstiles
Platform
Escalators
  1. ^ "Images of Rail: Railroads of Hoboken and Jersey City," by Kenneth French; Page 93
  2. ^ "PATH Ridership Report" (PDF). pathnynj.gov. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  3. ^ "Motorman on Trial in Fatal Tube Crash". New York Times. December 15, 1942. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (September 8, 1989). "NEWS ADVISORY". PR Newswire.
  5. ^ "New Exchange Place Entrance Improves Access to Station". Pathways. Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation. 26 (1): 1. April 1994.
  6. ^ a b Weiser, Benjamin (June 29, 2003). "Closed Since 9/11, a PATH Station Is Set to Reopen Today". New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
  7. ^ a b Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "Chapter 1: Restoring and Renewing Lower Manhattan's Transportation Infrastructure" (PDF). renewnyc.com. Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  9. ^ Weiser, Benjamin (June 29, 2003). "Closed Since 9/11, a PATH Station Is Set to Reopen Today". The New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  10. ^ Dunlap, David W. (November 24, 2003). "Again, Trains Put the World In Trade Center". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  11. ^ Garcia, Michelle (February 8, 2006). "Rail Passengers Screened In Test of Tighter Security". Washington Post. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
  12. ^ McGeehan, Patrick; Hu, Winnie (October 29, 2017). "Five Years After Sandy, Are We Better Prepared?". The New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  13. ^ a b "PATH Implementation Plan" (PDF). PANYNJ. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  14. ^ "Port Authority announces plan to increase PATH capacity, reduce delays". ABC7 New York. June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  15. ^ Higgs, Larry (June 20, 2019). "PATH will spend $1B to ease overcrowding, delays that mess up your commute". nj.com. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  16. ^ Ross, Bruce (May 1991). "Access for the disabled; Port Authority of New York and New Jersey policy for disabled passengers". Mass Transit. p. Vol. 18 ; No. 4–5 ; Pg. 40.
  17. ^ Walker, Ameena (December 5, 2018). "World Trade Center's PATH station will close for 45 weekends for repairs". Curbed NY. Retrieved January 3, 2019.

External links