The area now known as Evesham Township was originally settled by Quakers in 1672. The township was named either for the town of the same name in England or for prominent English settler Thomas Eves.
The Township was substantially larger than it is today, originally including what are now Mount Laurel, Medford, Lumberton, Hainesport, Shamong, and Washington Townships. The South Branch of the Rancocas on the East Side and Cropwell Creek on the West Side bound this area. Evesham Township was eventually incorporated in 1692 as one of the thirteen Townships in Burlington County. In 1802, a tract was cut off for Washington Township; in 1847, the Township was then divided in half, with the eastern half becoming Medford Township; and in 1872, Evesham was divided again, for the last time, with the northern part becoming Mount Laurel Township.
Marlton is a name commonly associated and interchangeable with the name Evesham, derived from the census-designated place within Evesham. The name Marlton came about in the early 19th century and stems from the word "marl", a naturally occurring mixture of green clay with remnants of shells used as a fertilizer, like manure. Its discovery helped local commerce and fueled the first "building boom", which took place in the 1830s and 1840s. Marl was mined locally until 1930, when the pits were closed.
The Marlton area was recognized as a village in 1758. The village was named Marlton in 1845. The same year the "Evesham" Post Office and the "Evesham" Baptist Church both had their names changed to "Marlton" Post Office and the "Marlton" Baptist Church. The names remain the same today. Most maps and directional signs refer to Marlton instead of Evesham. The historic village, Olde Marlton, remains mostly intact and is a locally regulated Historic District. Full-time police services began in 1966.
Evesham remained mostly unchanged until the 1950s, when developers began buying farms and building the township's first housing developments. Today, no significant farmland remains.
In 1955, the United States Army opened the PH-32Nike Ajax facility on Tomlinson Mill Road. This battery was one of twelve used to shield Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from aerial assault during the Cold War. The base was decommissioned in the mid-1960s and used for various functions, including a civil defense center. The site is now a housing development which was built in the mid-1990s.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had an area of 29.708 square miles (76.942 km2), including 29.284 square miles (75.845 km2) of land and 0.424 square miles (1.097 km2) of water (1.43%).
Marlton is an historic community, census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated area within Evesham Township with 10,260 residents (as of Census 2010) that covers 3.235 square miles (8.38 km2) of the township. "Marlton" is often used in place of the township's name, even when referring to locations beyond the CDP's boundaries.
The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes parts of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.
The 17,620 households accounted 32.8% with children under the age of 18 living with them; 57.1% were married couples living together; 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the township, the population age was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females, the population had 91.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 87.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,980 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,687) and the median family income was $104,784 (+/- $3,519). Males had a median income of $73,801 (+/- $3,907) versus $50,667 (+/- $3,039) for females. The township's per capita income was $39,910 (+/- $1,464). About 1.5% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
There were 15,712 households, of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.21.
The township's population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The township's median household income was $67,010, and the median family income was $77,245. Males had a median income of $54,536 versus $36,494 for females. The township's per capita income was $29,494. About 1.7% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
Evesham Township operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager plan 11 form of municipal government, as implemented as of July 1, 1983, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission. The township had first switched to the Council-Manager Plan B of the Faulkner Act on July 1, 1969 to replace the township committee government.
The government consists of a Mayor and a four-member Township Council, all elected at-large in elections held every other year. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters. Members are elected in partisan elections to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two council seats up for vote in even years as part of the November general election. In 2009, a change was approved to shift municipal elections from May to November and from non-partisan to partisan, with officials citing low May turnout and costs estimated at $50,000 to oversee the municipal elections.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Evesham Township is Democrat Jaclyn Veasy, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022. Members of the Evesham Township Council are Deputy Mayor Heather Cooper (D, 2022), Councilman Kenneth D'Andrea (R, 2020), Councilman Robert DiEnna (R, 2020) and Councilwoman Patricia Hansen (D, 2022).
On May 12, 2009, Evesham held municipal elections in which Republicans Kurt Croft, Debbie Hackman and Joe Howarth were elected, with the three taking office on July 1, 2009, and giving Republicans control of the council.
On March 6, 2010, Democratic Mayor Randy Brown announced he was switching parties to become a Republican, citing philosophical disagreements. That same year, he endorsed Jon Runyan, a Republican for Congress.
In November 2010, the Republican slate swept the township's first partisan elections, with Mayor Randy Brown and Councilmember Debbie Hackman winning re-election along with newcomer Steve Zeuli.
Deputy Mayor Joe Howarth resigned from the council in December 2011 in advance of taking a seat on the Burlington County Board of Chosen Freeholders, with his council seat filled until November 2012 chosen from among prospective candidates selected by the local Republican committee. In January 2012, Ken D'Andrea was selected to fill Howarth's vacancy. Robert DiEnna was chosen in September 2013 to fill the vacancy of Kurt Croft following his resignation.
Federal, state and county representation
Evesham Township is in the 3rd Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 8th state legislative district.
As of March 23, 2011, there were 30,697 registered voters in Evesham Township, of which 8,924 (29.1% vs. 33.3% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 7,282 (23.7% vs. 23.9%) were registered as Republicans and 14,475 (47.2% vs. 42.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 16 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 67.4% (vs. 61.7% in Burlington County) were registered to vote, including 87.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.3% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 12,507 votes here (52.7% vs. 58.1% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 10,863 votes (45.7% vs. 40.2%) and other candidates with 234 votes (1.0% vs. 1.0%), among the 23,752 ballots cast by the township's 32,323 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5% (vs. 74.5% in Burlington County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 13,071 votes here (54.0% vs. 58.4% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 10,764 votes (44.5% vs. 39.9%) and other candidates with 218 votes (0.9% vs. 1.0%), among the 24,186 ballots cast by the township's 30,579 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.1% (vs. 80.0% in Burlington County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 11,419 votes here (49.7% vs. 52.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 11,369 votes (49.5% vs. 46.0%) and other candidates with 147 votes (0.6% vs. 0.8%), among the 22,989 ballots cast by the township's 28,314 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.2% (vs. 78.8% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 8,664 votes here (67.4% vs. 61.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 3,890 votes (30.3% vs. 35.8%) and other candidates with 129 votes (1.0% vs. 1.2%), among the 12,848 ballots cast by the township's 32,005 registered voters, yielding a 40.1% turnout (vs. 44.5% in the county). In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 7,628 votes here (53.7% vs. 47.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 5,626 votes (39.6% vs. 44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 698 votes (4.9% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 133 votes (0.9% vs. 1.2%), among the 14,196 ballots cast by the township's 31,081 registered voters, yielding a 45.7% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).
As of May 2010[update], the township had 183.43 miles (295.20 km) of roadways, of which 159.35 miles (256.45 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.28 miles (24.59 km) by Burlington County and 8.80 miles (14.16 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Evesham Township was the location of the Marlton Circle, which served as the junction of Route 70 and Route 73. In 2011, the circle, which handled 90,000 vehicles a day and was the site of as many as 175 accidents a year, was replaced by a grade-separated interchange that allows Route 73 to pass over Route 70.
^Laufer, Joseph M. "Evesham Township - Marlton", Burlington County Historian. Accessed January 14, 2015. "One of Burlington County's original eight townships, established in 1866, Eversham, was named after a Borough in England, near Stratford on Avon."
^ abBrief History of Evesham Township and its Village of Olde Marlton, Evesham Township. Accessed December 27, 2016. "Until 1969, the Township was governed under a Township Committee form of government. In 1969, the voters approved by Referendum the Council-Manager Form of Government. This form of government, which consists of a Mayor, directly elected by the voters, and four Council Members elected at large, is still in effect today."
^HistoryArchived 2016-12-28 at the Wayback Machine, Evesham Police Department. Accessed December 27, 2016. "At a public meeting in May of 1966 the ordinance known as 'The Police Ordinance' was successfully passed by the Evesham Township Committee. The Police Ordinance allowed for the creation of Evesham's first full time police department."
^Ream Et Al. v. Kuhlman Et Al., Leagle. Accessed October 10, 2013. "Thereafter, effective July 1, 1969, the electorate of the township duly adopted Council-Manager Plan B of the Optional Municipal Charter Law, L. 1950, c. 210, N.J.S.A. 40:69A-1 et seq., commonly known as the Faulkner Act."
^Rao, Maya. "Delran eyes fall elections A referendum will ask voters to consider moving elections and making them partisan.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 12, 2009. Accessed September 3, 2014. "But a measure similar to Delran's was approved recently in Evesham, where the cost of holding nonpartisan elections every other year can run $50,000, and the last, three months ago, saw a voter turnout of just 13.3 percent. Evesham's Democratic-controlled Township Council in June approved putting the question on the November ballot, but newly elected Republican Deputy Mayor Joe Howarth presented an ordinance that would repeal the Democrats' measure. Howarth's ordinance was voted down at a raucous meeting two weeks ago, but the Township Council has opted not to revisit the proposal."
^Kolumbic, Dubravka; Lucas, Jenn; and Tait, Adam III. "Election 2010: Easy win for Evesham, local GOP candidates", The Central Record, November 4, 2010. Accessed July 27, 2011. "The Republicans swept the elections for mayor and council giving them complete control of the township government. Incumbent Mayor Randy Brown defeated Democratic opponent and former councilman Mike Schmidt by a vote count of 7,425 to 6,312 and incumbent Councilwoman Deb Hackman kept her seat with a vote count of 7,403. Newcomer Republican Steve Zeuli won a spot on the council with a vote count of 7,565. He will take the spot of Councilman Mark McKenna who decided not to run for re-election.... Brown, who switched back to his old Republican party prior to June's primary election, said he was humbled by his win and the voter turnout in the township's first November election."
^Kolumbic, Bubravka. "Former councilman back to work in Evesham", The Central Record, January 26, 2012. Accessed September 3, 2014. "Former councilman Kenneth D'Andrea was sworn back on to the township council at a Jan. 24 special meeting after being chosen by his colleagues to fill the spot vacated by former Deputy Mayor Joe Howarth who won a spot on the county freeholder board in November."
^Dubravka, Kolumbic. "Evesham council victors vow to maintain, enhance township services", The Central Record, November 14, 2012. Accessed October 10, 2013. "Republicans Ken D'Andrea and Bob DiEnna won both open seats on township council at the Nov. 6 election, thus keeping it a straight GOP council.... D'Andrea (10,202) was chosen by township council last year to replace a vacancy left by outgoing Republican Deputy Mayor Joe Howarth who won a spot on the county freeholder board. DiEnna (9,516) was chosen to replace a spot left vacant by the departure in September of Councilman Kurt Croft who resigned to accept a job out of state."
^Masterson, Karen. "Evesham Councilwoman Gears Up For Freeholder Race", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 29, 2000. Accessed November 25, 2013. "Evesham — The only councilwoman here, in one of Burlington County's largest communities, is making a bid to leave. Dawn Marie Addiego, 36, is the first Evesham candidate in 30 years to run for Burlington County freeholder and the first-ever woman from the township of nearly 40,000 to seek that post."
^"In brief", The Herald (Rock Hill), August 21, 2007. Accessed April 8, 2008. "He and his wife, Jenny, have one son, Dion, and are expecting their second child around the end of the year. They live in Marlton, N.J...."
^Evans, Joshua; Hunt, John. "Memoirs of Joshua Evans", Friends' Miscellany, Volume 1, William Sharpless, 1831. Accessed November 25, 2013. "Joshua Evans was a native of New Jersey. His father. Thomas Evans of Evesham. was an approved minister much esteemed by Friends through the course of a long life of about ninety years. Joshua was born in 1731".
^Issa, Rob. "The Real McCoy", South Jersey Magazine, September 2014. Accessed August 12, 2015. "Eagles running back and Marlton resident LeSean McCoy is a star in the NFL, but he does some of his best work off the field."
^Strauss, Robert. "Sports; Sportsmanship? Nah, Indifference.", The New York Times, January 5, 2003. Accessed June 14, 2013. "For his part, McDonald lives in Marlton, which is closer to Philadelphia than New York, though he has a history in New York sports since his father, Joe, was an executive with the New York Mets."
^Staff. "Tina stays mum on Sarah", Philadelphia Daily News, September 9, 2008. Accessed August 9, 2012. "Marlton native actress Brit Morgan was recently in the area visiting family. Morgan was known as Brittany Dengler while attending Cherokee High School, where she graduated in 2005."
^Staff. "Quick will be honored at Mt. Holly Pro Day"Archived 2012-09-12 at Archive.today, Burlington County Times, April 3, 2011. Accessed April 25, 2012. "Quick breaks that mold a bit. He started his football career at Richmond (Va.) High School and later went to North Carolina State. He retired after the 1990 season and has been a member of the Eagles radio broadcast team. He and his family settled in Evesham and he has been a tireless worker for many charity events."
^Staff. "S. Jersey native gets spotlight at festival", Courier-Post, July 6, 2001. Accessed July 27, 2011. "Richard Ruccolo, a Camden native and former Marlton resident and star of the ABC comedy Two Guys and a Girl, will be at the festival for the Philadelphia premiere of All over the Guy, a romantic comedy in which he stars as one of two twentysomething gay men searching for true love."