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Eurovision Song Contest 2019

Eurovision Song Contest 2019
Dare to Dream
Eurovision Song Contest 2019 logo.svg
Dates
Semi-final 114 May 2019
Semi-final 216 May 2019
Final18 May 2019
Host
VenueExpo Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel
Executive supervisorJon Ola Sand
Executive producerZivit Davidovich[1]
Host broadcasterIsraeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC)
Participants
Number of entries42
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countries Bulgaria
Vote
Voting systemEach country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting.

The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 will be the 64th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. The contest is scheduled to take place in Tel Aviv, Israel, following their victory at the 2018 contest in Lisbon, Portugal with the song "Toy", performed by Netta. The contest will be held at Expo Tel Aviv, the city's convention center; the show will consist of two semi-finals on 14 and 16 May, and the final on 18 May 2019.[2]

Forty-two countries will take part in the contest with Bulgaria withdrawing for the first time since 2014.

Location

Expo Tel Aviv - host venue of the 2019 contest

The 2019 contest will take place in Israel for the third time, after 1979 and 1999, following the country's victory at the 2018 edition with the song "Toy", performed by Netta Barzilai.[3]

Venue

The contest will take place at Expo Tel Aviv's 10,000-seat congress and convention center called "Bitan 2" (Pavilion 2), which was inaugurated in January 2015.[2][4] Located on Rokach Boulevard in northern Tel Aviv, the convention center serves as a venue for many different events, including concerts, exhibitions, trade fairs, and conferences. The fairground has ten halls and pavilions, plus a large outdoor space, and even an amusement park. The new pavilion hosted the 2018 European Judo Championships from 26–28 April.[5]

Bidding phase and host city selection

Eurovision Song Contest 2019 is located in Israel
Locations of the candidate cities in Israel: the eliminated cities are marked in red, with the shortlisted cities in green and the chosen host city in blue.

After Israel's victory in Lisbon, Portugal, Netta Barzilai and the Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that the 2019 contest would be held in Jerusalem, but this was yet to be confirmed by the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC/KAN) and the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).[3][6] Israeli finance minister Moshe Kahlon also stated in an interview that the event would be solely held in Jerusalem and estimated its cost at 120 million Israeli shekels (approximately €29 million).[7] The mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barkat, mentioned Jerusalem Arena and Teddy Stadium as possible venues to host the event.[8] The municipality of Jerusalem had also confirmed that the contest would not be held at the International Convention Centre, which hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 and 1999, due to its insufficient capacity.[9]

On 18 June 2018, Prime Minister Netanyahu stated that Israel had committed to remaining in compliance with EBU rules regarding the constitution of member broadcasters, as to not affect its hosting of Eurovision. The IPBC's establishment included a condition that news programming would later be delegated to a second public broadcasting entity, which violates EBU rules requiring member broadcasters to have their own internal news departments.[10][11]

On 19 June 2018, Israel was officially confirmed as the host country,[12] and on 24 June 2018, KAN formally opened the bidding process for cities interested in hosting the 2019 contest.[13] On 28 July 2018, Israeli Minister Michael Oren, who is closely connected to Prime Minister Netanyahu, stated that Jerusalem did not have the resources to host the contest, restating the common talking point that Tel Aviv was the more likely host.[14] Soon after, reports of the government not providing the €12 million downpayment, KAN requested to cover hosting expenses and security surfaced, with a compromise reached on 29 July 2018.[15]

Following a tense back-and-forth between KAN and the government, in which it seemed that KAN would forfeit their hosting rights due to a lack of finances, a compromise between the two parties was reached that would see KAN paying the €12 million to the EBU and the Finance Ministry covering expenses should complications arise. The Mayor of Tel Aviv announced that the city would be willing to pay for the Convention Center itself, should it be chosen as the host city.[16]

The week of 27 August 2018, executive supervisor/scrutineer Jon Ola Sand led a handful of EBU delegates around Israel to scope out the potential venues in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv and to hear the bid from Eilat. On 30 August 2018, Sand stated in an interview with KAN that Eilat was no longer in the running to host, leaving it between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. He also stated that there was no serious discussion among members of the EBU for boycotting the event.[17]

On 13 September 2018, the EBU announced Tel Aviv as the host city, with Expo Tel Aviv as the selected venue for the 2019 contest.[2]

Key:  †   Host venue  ‡   Shortlisted

City[18] Venue Capacity Notes
Eilat[19] Hangars on the port 10,000 Proposal intended to connect two hangars to a hall, in order to meet the EBU's capacity and venue requirements.
Haifa Sammy Ofer Stadium 30,870 Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Jerusalem Pais Arena 15,654 Indoor arena similar to the venues of recent contests. It was Jerusalem's preferred venue, in case they were chosen to be the host city.
Teddy Stadium 31,733 Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Tel Aviv Expo Tel Aviv, Pavilion 2 10,000

Participating countries

The EBU announced on 7 November 2018 that forty-two countries will participate in the contest with Bulgaria withdrawing for the first time since 2014 due to financial reasons.[20][21]

Semi-finalists

Country[20] Artist Song Language
 Albania TBD 22 December 2018[22] TBD 22 December 2018[22]
 Armenia
 Australia TBD 9 February 2019[23] TBD 9 February 2019[23]
 Austria
 Azerbaijan
 Belarus
 Belgium
 Croatia TBD February 2019[24] TBD February 2019[24]
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic TBD January 2019[25] TBD January 2019[25]
 Denmark TBD 23 February 2019[26] TBD 23 February 2019[26]
 Estonia TBD 16 February 2019[27] TBD 16 February 2019[27]
 Finland TBD 2 March 2019[28]
 Georgia TBD January 2019[29] TBD January 2019[29]
 Greece
 Hungary
 Iceland TBD 2 March 2019[30] TBD 2 March 2019[30]
 Ireland
 Latvia
 Lithuania TBD 23 February 2019[31] TBD 23 February 2019[31]
 Macedonia
 Malta TBD 26 January 2019[32]
 Moldova
 Montenegro
 Netherlands
 Norway TBD 2 March 2019[33] TBD 2 March 2019[33]
 Poland
 Portugal
 Romania TBD February 2019[34] TBD February 2019[34]
 Russia
 San Marino
 Serbia TBD February 2019[35] TBD February 2019[35]
 Slovenia
 Sweden TBD 9 March 2019[36] TBD 9 March 2019[36]
  Switzerland
 Ukraine TBD 23 February 2019[37] TBD 23 February 2019[37]

Finalists

Country[20] Artist Song Language
 France
 Germany TBD February 2019[38] TBD February 2019[38]
 Israel TBD January 2019[39]
 Italy TBD 9 February 2019[40] TBD 9 February 2019[40]
 Spain TBD January 2019[41] TBD January 2019[41]
 United Kingdom

Other countries

Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU issued an invitation of participation in the contest to all fifty-six active members. The Israeli Minister of Communications Ayoob Kara has also invited countries from the Middle Eastern and North African region, with which Israel largely has tense relationships or no diplomatic relations. Kara pointed out Tunisia and the Gulf states Saudi Arabia as well as Dubai and Abu Dhabi as part of the United Arab Emirates.[42][43][44] Tunisia is eligible to participate but has not due to rules banning the promotion of Israeli content, while the Gulf states do not have a national broadcaster with EBU membership. Also, Tunisia and the Gulf states all have poor LGBT rights.

Active EBU members

  •  Andorra – Despite being absent for 10 years, local media reported that Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) was still interested in returning to the contest, but the principality's failure to make the final along with the cost was discouraging the broadcaster from participating. In order for a return to take place, RTVA would need funding from the Andorran Government.[45] On 19 May 2018, Andorra confirmed that they would not return in 2019.[46]
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina – On 25 May 2018, the Bosnian broadcaster, Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT), stated that the country will not be allowed to return to the contest in 2019 until debt-related sanctions placed on them by the EBU are lifted. Bosnia and Herzegovina last took part in 2016.[47]
  •  Bulgaria – Despite confirming their preliminary participation in the 2019 contest, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) announced on 13 October 2018 that many members of the delegations were moving onto other projects,[48] and on 15 October 2018, BNT announced that they will withdraw from the contest in 2019 due to financial difficulties.[21]
  •  Luxembourg – On 21 July 2018, the Luxembourgish broadcaster RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) announced that they will not return to the contest in 2019. Luxembourg last took part in 1993.[49]
  •  Monaco – On 17 August 2018, the Monégasque broadcaster Télé Monte Carlo (TMC) announced that they will not return to the contest in 2019. Monaco last took part in 2006.[50]
  •  Slovakia – On 31 May 2018, the Slovak broadcaster Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS) announced that the country will not return to the contest in 2019 due to financial difficulties. Slovakia last took part in 2012.[51]
  •  Turkey – After the Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım had stated in an interview that Turkey had no plans to return to the contest,[52] on 4 August 2018 İbrahim Eren, the General Manager of Türkiye Radyo Televizyon Kurumu (TRT), said that at the moment the broadcaster was not considering returning to the contest for various reasons, including Conchita Wurst's victory for Austria in 2014. Turkey last took part in 2012.[53][54]

Associate EBU members

  •  Kazakhstan – On 22 December 2017, it was claimed that Channel 31 had finalised negotiations with the EBU, allowing Kazakhstan to debut in 2019;[55] however, on 23 December 2017, the EBU told Esctoday that "Channel 31 Kazakhstan has indeed expressed interest in becoming a member of the EBU and hence participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. However, since Channel 31 is outside the European Broadcasting Area and is also not a member of the Council of Europe, it is not eligible to become an active member of the EBU".[56][57] On 25 July 2018, it was announced that Kazakhstan will participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018, thus making a debut in 2019 possible.[58] On 30 July 2018, the EBU stated that the decision to invite Kazakhstan was made solely by the Junior Eurovision reference group, and there were no current plans to invite associate members other than Australia.[59]

Non-EBU members

  •  Kosovo – According to EBU guidelines, Kosovo's participation in 2018 would have been possible due to Portugal recognising Kosovo as a state.[60] Radio Television of Kosovo (RTK) decided not to participate, however still broadcast the contest in 2018.[61] Israel does not recognise Kosovo, but both states foster good relations.[62][unreliable source?] RTK general director Mentor Shala said that they are still pushing for full membership, and still hope to debut at the 2019 contest. They are currently still in talks with the EBU.[63] The EBU will vote on full membership of the Kosovar broadcaster in December 2018, possibly allowing the country to debut in 2019, or in the near future after that.[64]
  •  Liechtenstein – On 4 November 2017, 1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television (1 FL TV), the national broadcaster of the Principality of Liechtenstein, confirmed that the country were planning a debut in the 2019 contest, and that they were currently in the process of applying for EBU membership and are "in [the] process of complying all requirements".[65] They also reiterated their intention to select the participant through a national selection process in the form of Liechtenstein Music Contest "open to any form of music".[66] However, on 20 July 2018, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) stated that 1 FL TV have not applied for EBU membership.[67] On 26 July 2018, 1 FL TV confirmed that Liechtenstein will not debut at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 due to the sudden death of the broadcaster's director, Peter Kölbel.[68]

Incidents

Religious requests

On 14 May 2018, Yaakov Litzman, leader of the ultra-Orthodox party United Torah Judaism and Israel's former Minister of Health, drafted a letter to the Ministers of Tourism, Communications, and Culture and Sports, in which he requested that the event not violate religious laws: “In the name of hundreds of thousands of Jewish citizens from all the populations and communities for whom Shabbat observance is close to their hearts, I appeal to you, already at this early stage, before production and all the other details of the event has begun, to be strict [in ensuring] that this matter does not harm the holiness of Shabbat and to work in every way to prevent the desecration of Shabbat, God forbid, as the law and the status quo requires”.[69] According to Jewish religious law, Shabbat — the holy sabbath — is observed from just before sunset on Friday evening until Saturday night. The Saturday evening broadcast of the show, which will start at 22:00 local time, will not conflict with this. However, the Friday evening jury show and Saturday afternoon rehearsals would. Similar protests arose in the lead-up to the 1999 Israeli-held competition, but then there were fewer competing teams allowing for certain adjustments to be made to accommodate the issue. The Chairman of the EBU's Eurovision committee, Dr. Frank-Dieter Freiling, noted that he was well aware of the tension, and has plans to address it in his communications with the Israeli broadcaster.[70]

Calls for boycott

Due to the contest being held in Israel, and initially there being a potential for Jerusalem to host for a third time, some have expressed their discontent and called for a boycott, as part of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.

  •  Australia – The Australian Greens party raised questions about a potential boycott of the Eurovision Song Contest in Israel with Senator Lee Rhiannon stating: “Recent events along the Gaza border have shown that the Israeli army engage in lethal military actions, on days that are seen as ‘significant’ or when Palestinian-protests are planned,” she said. "This means Eurovision's activities could impact on who lives and who dies. Will SBS consider these factors when it considers whether to participate in next year’s contest or if it's held in 2020?" Michael Ebeid, the CEO of Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) stated “Israel has won before, Israel has hosted before and it in the spirit of unity and bringing people together and cultures together I can’t imagine that we would not televise Eurovision next year.”[71] Australia later confirmed their participation on 1 October 2018.
  •  Iceland – Although Iceland confirmed provisional participation in the 2019 contest, 23,000 Icelanders signed a petition calling on the Icelandic national broadcaster Ríkisútvarpið (RÚV) to boycott the event. Icelandic musician Daði Freyr stated that he would no longer participate in the Icelandic national selection Söngvakeppnin and called upon RÚV to boycott the event, tweeting "We can't imagine taking part in the fun that is Eurovision with a clear conscience while the Israeli state and their army use such terrible violence against the Palestinian people."[72] It was then announced that RÚV would stage a meeting deciding if they would boycott the event, following calls from Icelandic fans.[73] On 13 September 2018, Iceland confirmed participation in Eurovision 2019.
  •  Ireland – Former Lord Mayor of Dublin Mícheál Mac Donncha, who is banned from entering Israel due to his support for the BDS movement, stated that Ireland should withdraw from the 2019 contest due to it taking place in Israel.[74] Sinn Féin MEP, Lynn Boylan called for a boycott via Twitter; "Israel wins Eurovision so let's make BDS more successful than ever in 2019". MEP Nessa Childers stated "Jerusalem? The mind boggles. I thought Tel Aviv". Fellow Sinn Féin member Órla Nic Biorna also expressed her discontent. The Irish Alternative called for a boycott.[75] Irish Eurovision winner Charlie McGettigan has also called for RTÉ to boycott the event, stating "Look, we don’t agree with this, to celebrate while other people are dying."[76] Former Irish TV host Mike Murphy has also called for a boycott of the event.[77] Irish television show The Tonight Show aired a segment in regards to Israel's right to host the contest. On the panel was a range of Irish celebrities all of whom spoke in favour of a boycott. This included members of the public.[78] On 21 June 2018, sitting Tánaiste Simon Coveney stated that he did not believe a boycott would advance the Palestinian cause, and rejected the idea of Ireland boycotting the 2019 contest on those grounds. Sinn Féin called on RTÉ to boycott the event.[79] On 16 August 2018 Ireland confirmed their participation in the 2019 edition.
  •  Sweden – The Left Party of Malmö suggested that Eurovision Song Contest should not take place in Israel, stating: "It's absolutely unreasonable for Israel to host this gigantic music contest while the occupation is in progress. We want Israel to be excluded from Eurovision on humanitarian grounds. We can not continue dancing while the persecution of the Palestinian people continues. Boycott Israel now!"[80] Sweden confirmed provisional participation in the 2019 contest, and competed in both the 1979 and 1999 contests held in Israel.
  •  United Kingdom – On 7 September 2018, centre-left British newspaper The Guardian published an open letter containing 141 signatures from artists and music industry professionals, including 15 from the United Kingdom, calling for a boycott of the contest due to "violations of Palestian human rights".[81] The Times also published a debate column online entitled "Should we boycott Eurovision" a month following Netta's win in Lisbon.[82] On 19 September 2018, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) confirmed they will take part in 2019.

See also

Notes and references

Notes

References

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External links