|Eurovision Song Contest 1994|
|Final||30 April 1994|
|Presenter(s)||Cynthia Ní Mhurchú|
|Directed by||Patrick Cowap|
|Executive supervisor||Christian Clausen|
|Executive producer||Moya Doherty|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Number of entries||25|
|Debuting countries|| Estonia|
|Withdrawing countries|| Belgium|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Ireland|
"Rock 'n' Roll Kids"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1994 was the 39th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 30 April 1994 in the Point Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. As of 2019, it was the last time the contest was held in April. The presenters were Cynthia Ní Mhurchú and Gerry Ryan. The pair hosted the evening in French, English and Irish. Ireland won the contest for the third time in a row, when Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan were the winners with a song written by Brendan Graham, "Rock 'N' Roll Kids". This was a record sixth victory for Ireland, giving it the outright record number of victories at the Eurovision Song Contest, and also the second time Ireland won on home soil. It was also the first time — and to date the only time — that the contest had been won by the same country in three consecutive years.
For the first time in Eurovision history, voting was done via satellite instead of by telephone, and as a result, viewers could see the spokespeople onscreen.
Ireland hosted the contest for the fifth time after winning the 1993 contest in Millstreet, County Cork. Dublin was chosen to be the host city, making it the fourth time that the Eurovision Song Contest was staged in the Irish capital. For the first time, the venue for the contest was the Point Theatre located on the North Wall Quay of the River Liffey, amongst the Dublin Docklands.
The contest opened with a brief film of stars floating in water, fireworks and caricatures dancing around, drinking coffee and biking. The cameras then went live to the venue itself, where dancers dressed in white and wearing caricatured heads of well-known Irish figures, arrived on stage carrying European countries’ flags. The presenters entered the stage spectacularly from a bridge which descended from the roof of the theatre. This year’s video postcards had a literary theme, showing contestants reading, fishing and doing other activities around Ireland. The stage, by Paula Farrell, was four times larger than the Millstreet stage, and its design which included a city scene of skyscrapers and video screens plus a backdrop of an ever-changing night sky was based upon the concept of what a futuristic Dublin might look like with one remaining constant being the river Liffey. The floor was painted with a dark blue reflective paint to give a watery effect.
To cope with the increasing number of countries wishing to participate in the contest, for 1994 the European Broadcasting Union ruled that the seven lowest-placed countries from the preceding year's contest would not participate. Because Italy and Luxembourg withdrew voluntarily, the bottom 5 of the 1993 Contest were relegated. This meant that Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Slovenia and Turkey did not participate this year opening spaces for the new countries. This contest also saw Luxembourg withdraw from Eurovision indefinitely.
Poland took part for the first time and caused a scandal when Edyta Górniak broke the rules by singing her song in English during the dress rehearsal (which is shown to the juries who selected the winner until 1997). Only six countries demanded that Poland should be disqualified, though the rules required 13 countries to complain before Poland could be removed from the competition. The proposed removal did not occur and Poland went on to come 2nd in the contest, the highest placing that any country's debut song had ever achieved until 2007 (the winner in 1956 was Switzerland's second song of the night).
When the voting started, Hungary took the lead from the first six juries and were well ahead of all the other countries. However, Ireland powered their way through the score board ending up the winners with a 60-point lead over second-placed Poland.
|Evridiki||Cyprus||1987 (Backing Singer for Alexia), 1992|
|Sigga||Iceland||1990 (part of Stjórnin), 1992 (part of Heart 2 Heart)|
|Elisabeth Andreassen||Norway||1982 (for Sweden, part of Chips)|
1985 (part of Bobbysocks!, winner)
|Marie Bergman||Sweden||1971 & 1972 (part of Family Four)|
Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra. Eurovision veteran, Ireland's Noel Kelehan (who was the musical director) conducted the songs from three countries, but did not conduct the song from his home country.
Countries in bold were allowed to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest 1995.
|01||Sweden||Marie Bergman & Roger Pontare||"Stjärnorna"||Swedish||13||48|
|02||Finland||CatCat||"Bye Bye Baby"||Finnish, English||22||11|
|03||Ireland||Paul Harrington & Charlie McGettigan||"Rock 'n' Roll Kids"||English||1||226|
|04||Cyprus||Evridiki||"Ime anthropos ki ego" (Είμαι άνθρωπος κι εγώ)||Greek||11||51|
|06||United Kingdom||Frances Ruffelle||"We Will Be Free (Lonely Symphony)"||English||10||63|
|07||Croatia||Tony Cetinski||"Nek' ti bude ljubav sva"||Croatian||16||27|
|08||Portugal||Sara Tavares||"Chamar a música"||Portuguese||8||73|
|10||Estonia||Silvi Vrait||"Nagu merelaine"||Estonian||24||2|
|11||Romania||Dan Bittman||"Dincolo de nori"||Romanian||21||14|
|12||Malta||Chris and Moira||"More than Love"||English||5||97|
|13||Netherlands||Willeke Alberti||"Waar is de zon"||Dutch||23||4|
|14||Germany||MeKaDo||"Wir geben 'ne Party"||German1||3||128|
|16||Lithuania||Ovidijus Vyšniauskas||"Lopšinė mylimai"||Lithuanian||25||0|
|17||Norway||Elisabeth Andreassen & Jan Werner Danielsen||"Duett"||Norwegian||6||76|
|18||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Alma & Dejan||"Ostani kraj mene"||Bosnian||15||39|
|19||Greece||Kostas Bigalis & The Sea Lovers||"To trehandiri" (Το τρεχαντήρι)||Greek||14||44|
|20||Austria||Petra Frey||"Für den Frieden der Welt"||German||17||19|
|21||Spain||Alejandro Abad||"Ella no es ella"||Spanish||18||17|
|22||Hungary||Friderika Bayer||"Kinek mondjam el vétkeimet?"||Hungarian||4||122|
|23||Russia||Youddiph||"Vechny strannik" (Вечный странник)||Russian||9||70|
|24||Poland||Edyta Górniak||"To nie ja!"||Polish||2||166|
|25||France||Nina Morato||"Je suis un vrai garçon"||French||7||74|
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.
With advances in technology, this was the first contest in which the spokesperson for each national jury appeared on-screen, live from their own countries.
In the early stages of the voting it looked as if Hungary was surging to victory in its first-ever Eurovision appearance, winning the maximum twelve points from the first three juries. However, this turned out to be completely deceptive, as from that point on it was virtually one-way traffic for Ireland, which became the first country to win the contest for a third year in succession.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||39||2||4||7||8||7||1||10|
Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:
|8||Ireland||Croatia, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland|
|5||Poland||Austria, Estonia, France, Lithuania, United Kingdom|
|4||Hungary||Ireland, Finland, Poland, Sweden|
|Malta||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Some participating countries did not provide radio broadcasts for the event; the ones who did are listed below.