Eurasia (Steel Peak) in October 2017
|Alternative names||Steel Peak|
|Location||Moscow City, Moscow, Russia|
|Architectural||308.9 m (1,013 ft)|
|Tip||308.9 m (1,013 ft)|
|Top floor||292.5 m (960 ft)|
|Observatory||306.9 m (1,007 ft)|
|Floor area||212,900 m2 (2,292,000 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Swanke Hayden Connell Architects|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti|
Eurasia (Russian: Евразия, tr. Yevraziya), also known as Steel Peak (Russian: Стальная Вершина, tr. Stalnaya Vershina), is a 308.9 meters (1,013 ft) tall skyscraper located on plot 12 of the Moscow International Business Center in Moscow, Russia. Occupying a total area of 207,542 square metres (2,233,960 sq ft), the mixed-use building houses offices, apartments, a hotel, fitness center, and a casino. It is also the fifth-tallest building in Russia, the sixth-tallest in Europe, and the 72nd tallest in the world. Construction of Eurasia started in 2006 and was completed in 2014.
According to Swanke Hayden Connell Architects, the architectural skin of Eurasia reinforces the purity of the tower volume over the complexity of the program within. The unitized curtain wall allows the transition from the office floors of fixed windows to operable windows on the residential floors. The overall architectural form is developed as a pure glass, curving, curtain wall tower with its broad faces versus its tripartite ends sitting on a multi-volume podium.
Eurasia was the first composite structure to be constructed in Russia utilizing a reinforced concrete core with a perimeter frame of steel. The structural design allows for column-free interior spaces ideal for offices which make up a significant portion of the building’s programming. The building features a bowed exterior made up of closely spaced steel columns which sit upon a belt truss serving as a load transfer for the base of the tower to feature an open lobby on the ground floor.
The building is designed as a two-tier skyscraper: 30 floors in the first tier and 37 in the second one. Offices occupy from the 4th floor to the 45th floor while apartments occupy from the 48th floor to the 66th floor. The 47th floor is occupied by a fitness center and the second floor of the building is occupied by a casino. A swimming pool is located on the 50th floor.
The building is developed by CJSC Techinvest and MOS City Group. The company LLC Plaza owns Eurasia. On 12 April 2016, VB-service, a subsidiary of VTB Bank, acquired a 99.55% stake in LLC Plaza at a price estimated at 48.5 billion rubles. The transaction was carried out within the framework of the fulfillment of credit obligations by Coulteria to the Bank of Moscow. Head offices of VTB 24 and the Bank of Moscow are planned to occupy the tower.
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