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Ethnic groups in the Middle East

The ethnic groups in the Middle East refers to cultural, linguistic and religious heritage of the peoples that reside in Western Asia and Egypt in North Eastern Africa. The region has historically been a crossroad of different cultures. Since the 1960s, the changes in political and economic factors (especially the enormous oil wealth in the region and conflicts) have significantly altered the ethnic composition of groups in the region. While some ethnic groups have been present in the region for millennia, others have arrived fairly recently through immigration. The five largest ethnic groups in the region are Arabs, North Africans[1][2],Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Persians, and Turks[3] but there are dozens of other ethnic groups which have hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of members.

Other Indigenous, native, or long-standing ethnic groups include: Arameans, Armenians, Assyrian Christians, Jews, Maronites Christians, Balochs, Berbers, Coptic Christians, Druze, Gilaks, Greeks, Kawliya, Lurs, Mandeans, Mazanderanis, Mhallami, Nawar, Samaritans, Shabaks, Talishis, Tats, Turcomans, Yazidis, and Zazas.

More recent migrant or diaspora populations include Albanians, Bengalis, British people, Bosniaks, Chinese, Circassians, Crimean Tatars, Filipinos, French people, Indians, Indonesians, Italians, Malays, Pakistanis, Pashtuns, Punjabis, Romani, Sikhs, Sindhis, Somalis, Sri Lankans, and Sub-Saharan Africans.

Demographics

Countries Demographics
Bahrain Bahrain Ethnic groups in Bahrain
Egypt Egypt Ethnic groups in Egypt
Iran Iran Ethnic groups in Iran
Iraq Iraq Ethnic groups in Iraq
Israel Israel Ethnic groups in Israel
Jordan Jordan Ethnic groups in Jordan
Kuwait Kuwait Ethnic groups in Kuwait
Lebanon Lebanon Ethnic groups in Lebanon
Oman Oman Ethnic groups in Oman
State of Palestine Palestine Ethnic groups in Palestine
Qatar Qatar Ethnic groups in Qatar
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Ethnic groups in Saudi Arabia
Syria Syria Ethnic groups in Syria
Turkey Turkey Ethnic groups in Turkey
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Ethnic groups in United Arab Emirates
Yemen Yemen Ethnic groups in yemen

Middle East

Arabic-speaking peoples
Africans - North Africans
Africans - Sub Saharan Africans
Israelites

Chaldeans In Iraq

Syriac-speaking peoples
Indo-European speakers
Turkic peoples
Other Ethnic Groups

Anatolia

Ethnic map of Asia Minor and Caucasus in 1914

Cyprus

Iranian Plateau

Diaspora populations

Because of the low population of many of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf and the demand for labor created by the large discoveries of oil in these countries there has been a steady stream of immigration to the region (mainly from South Asia). Ethnic groups which comprise the largest portions of this immigration include Bengalis, Britons, Chinese, Filipinos, Hindus, Nepalis, Afghans, Pakistanis, Punjabis, Sikhs, Sindhis, Somalis, and Sri Lankans. Many of these people are denied certain political and legal rights in the countries in which they live and frequently face mistreatment by the native-born citizens of the host countries.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "National Geographic DNA analysis project proves that Egyptians and Tunisians are not Arabs". 68 percent of the indigenous population is from North Africa, four percent are from Jewish ancestry...
  2. ^ "Egyptians are 71% North Eastern African nation".
  3. ^ Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 May 2014.