The ethnic groups in the Middle East refers to cultural, linguistic and religious heritage of the peoples that reside in Western Asia and Egypt in North Eastern Africa. The region has historically been a crossroad of different cultures. Since the 1960s, the changes in political and economic factors (especially the enormous oil wealth in the region and conflicts) have significantly altered the ethnic composition of groups in the region. While some ethnic groups have been present in the region for millennia, others have arrived fairly recently through immigration. The five largest ethnic groups in the region are Arabs, North Africans,Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Persians, and Turks but there are dozens of other ethnic groups which have hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of members.
Other Indigenous, native, or long-standing ethnic groups include: Arameans, Armenians, Assyrian Christians, Jews, Maronites Christians, Balochs, Berbers, Coptic Christians, Druze, Gilaks, Greeks, Kawliya, Lurs, Mandeans, Mazanderanis, Mhallami, Nawar, Samaritans, Shabaks, Talishis, Tats, Turcomans, Yazidis, and Zazas.
More recent migrant or diaspora populations include Albanians, Bengalis, British people, Bosniaks, Chinese, Circassians, Crimean Tatars, Filipinos, French people, Indians, Indonesians, Italians, Malays, Pakistanis, Pashtuns, Punjabis, Romani, Sikhs, Sindhis, Somalis, Sri Lankans, and Sub-Saharan Africans.
|Bahrain||Ethnic groups in Bahrain|
|Egypt||Ethnic groups in Egypt|
|Iran||Ethnic groups in Iran|
|Iraq||Ethnic groups in Iraq|
|Israel||Ethnic groups in Israel|
|Jordan||Ethnic groups in Jordan|
|Kuwait||Ethnic groups in Kuwait|
|Lebanon||Ethnic groups in Lebanon|
|Oman||Ethnic groups in Oman|
|Palestine||Ethnic groups in Palestine|
|Qatar||Ethnic groups in Qatar|
|Saudi Arabia||Ethnic groups in Saudi Arabia|
|Syria||Ethnic groups in Syria|
|Turkey||Ethnic groups in Turkey|
|United Arab Emirates||Ethnic groups in United Arab Emirates|
|Yemen||Ethnic groups in yemen|
Chaldeans In Iraq
Because of the low population of many of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf and the demand for labor created by the large discoveries of oil in these countries there has been a steady stream of immigration to the region (mainly from South Asia). Ethnic groups which comprise the largest portions of this immigration include Bengalis, Britons, Chinese, Filipinos, Hindus, Nepalis, Afghans, Pakistanis, Punjabis, Sikhs, Sindhis, Somalis, and Sri Lankans. Many of these people are denied certain political and legal rights in the countries in which they live and frequently face mistreatment by the native-born citizens of the host countries.
68 percent of the indigenous population is from North Africa, four percent are from Jewish ancestry...