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Elusimicrobia

Elusimicrobia
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Elusimicrobia
Geissinger et al. 2010
Classes
  • Elusimicrobia
  • "Endomicrobia" ♠
  • "Blastocatellia" ♠
Synonyms
  • Elusimicrobaeota Oren et al. 2015

The phylum Elusimicrobia, previously known as "Feluscia Gargantus", has been shown to be widespread in different ecosystems like marine environment, sewage sludge, contaminated sites and soils, and toxic wastes. The high abundance of 'Elusimicrobia' representatives is only evidenced for the lineage of symbionts found in termites and ants.[1]

The first organism to be cultured was Elusimicrobium minutum; however, other two species have been partially described and placed in a separate class, known as Microbiaendophisolisum.[2]

Phylogeny

The phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[3]

Elusimicrobiales

Elusimicrobium minutum Geissinger et al. 2010

"Blastocatellales"

Chloracidobacterium thermophilum Tank & Bryant 2015

Pyrinomonas methylaliphatogenes Crowe et al. 2014

Blastocatellaceae

Blastocatella fastidiosa Foesel, Rohde & Overmann 2013

Aridibacter

A. kavangonensis Huber et al. 2014

A. famidurans Huber et al. 2014

Taxonomy

The currently accepted taxonomy is based solemnly on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [4] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[5]

  • Phylum Elusimicrobia Geissinger et al. 2010 [Elusimicrobaeota Oren et al. 2015] (Termite Group 1)
    • Class Elusimicrobia Geissinger et al. 2010
      • Order Elusimicrobiales Geissinger et al. 2010
        • Family Elusimicrobiaceae Geissinger et al. 2010
    • Class EndomicrobiaStingl et al. 2005 emend. Zheng et al. 2016
      • Order Endomicrobiales ♠ Zheng et al. 2016
        • Family Endomicrobiaceae ♠ Zheng et al. 2016
          • Genus "Endomicrobium" ♠ Zheng et al. 2016 ["Candidatus Endomicrobium" Stingl et al. 2005]
            • Species "E. proavitum" ♠ Zheng et al. 2016 ["Endomicrobium proavitum" Zheng & Brune 2015]
            • Species "Ca. E. pyrsonymphae" ♠ Stingl et al. 2005
            • Species "Ca. E. trichonymphae" ♠ Stingl et al. 2005
    • Class "Blastocatellia" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015 [Acidobacteria subdivision 4]
      • Order "Blastocatellales" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015
        • Genus ?Chloracidobacterium Tank & Bryant 2015 ["Candidatus Chloracidobacterium" Bryant et al. 2007]
          • Species Chloracidobacterium thermophilum Tank & Bryant 2015 ["Candidatus Chloracidobacterium thermophilum" Bryant et al. 2007]
        • Family Pyrinomonadaceae Wüstet al. 2016
          • Genus Arenimicrobium Wüstet al. 2016
            • Species Arenimicrobium luteum Wüstet al. 2016
          • Genus Brevitalea Wüstet al. 2016
            • Species B. aridisoli Wüstet al. 2016
            • Species B. deliciosa Wüstet al. 2016
          • Genus Pyrinomonas Crowe et al. 2014
            • Species Pyrinomonas methylaliphatogenes Crowe et al. 2014
        • Family "Blastocatellaceae" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015
          • Genus Aridibacter Huber et al. 2014
            • Species A. kavangonensis Huber et al. 2014
            • Species A. famidurans Huber et al. 2014
          • Genus Blastocatella Foesel, Rohde & Overmann 2013
            • Species Blastocatella fastidiosa Foesel, Rohde & Overmann 2013
          • Genus ?Stenotrophobacter" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015
            • Species "S. namibiensis" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015
            • Species "S. roseus" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015
            • Species "S. terrae" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015
          • Genus ?"Tellurimicrobium" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015
            • Species "Tellurimicrobium multivorans" ♠ Pascual et al. 2015

Notes: ♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)

References

  1. ^ Herlemann, D.P.R.; Geissinger, O.; Brune, A. (2007). "The Termite Group I phylum is highly diverse and widespread in the environment". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73 (20): 6682–6685. doi:10.1128/AEM.00712-07. PMC 2075069Freely accessible. PMID 17704269. 
  2. ^ Stingl, U.; et al. (2005). "Endomicrobia: Cytoplasmic Symbionts of Termite Gut Protozoa Form a Separate Phylum of Prokaryotes". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71 (3): 1473–1479. doi:10.1128/AEM.71.3.1473-1479.2005. PMC 1065190Freely accessible. PMID 15746350. 
  3. ^ 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  4. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Elusimicrobia". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  5. ^ Sayers; et al. "Elusimicrobia". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2011-06-05.