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|Native name||אלי ביהם|
|Alma mater||Tel Aviv University,|
|Known for||Studies in cryptography and cryptanalysis (invention and breaking of Encryption functions), specifically Differential cryptanalysis|
|Doctoral advisor||Adi Shamir|
Eli Biham (Hebrew: אלי ביהם) is an Israeli cryptographer and cryptanalyst, currently a professor at the Technion Israeli Institute of Technology Computer Science department. Starting from October 2008 and till 2013, Biham was the dean of the Technion Computer Science department, after serving for two years as chief of CS graduate school. Biham received his Ph.D. for inventing (publicly) differential cryptanalysis, while working under Adi Shamir. It had, it turned out, been invented at least twice before. A team at IBM discovered it during their work on DES, and was requested/required to keep their discovery secret by the NSA, who evidently knew about it as well.
Among his many contributions to cryptanalysis one can count:
Biham has taken part in the design of several new cryptographic primitives: