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politics and government of
Gibraltar elects on national level a legislature. The Gibraltar Parliament has 17 members, all elected for a four-year term in one constituency with each voter getting to vote for their selection of eight candidates. Gibraltar forms a single constituency but voters have only ten votes. Hence the electoral bloc with the most votes will normally get ten seats and the runners up seven.
A person may only cast a vote in an election if he or she is on the Register of Electors - even if he or she would otherwise qualify to vote.
British nationals (this includes all forms of British nationality) who have lived in Gibraltar for a continuous period of six months and who intend to live in Gibraltar either permanently or indefinitely are entitled to register to vote in general elections to the Gibraltar Parliament if they will be aged 18 or over on polling day.
British, European Union and qualifying Commonwealth citizens (those who have a permit or certificate to enter/remain in Gibraltar, or not require such a permit/certificate on the date of their electoral registration application) living in Gibraltar are entitled to register to vote in elections to the European Parliament if they will be aged 18 or over on polling day.
British nationals and Commonwealth citizens living outside Gibraltar can register as an 'overseas voter' and vote in elections to the European Parliament provided that they were on the Register of Electors in Gibraltar within the past 15 years (the 15 years period begins when they no longer appeared in the Register of Electors, not the date they moved abroad). For British nationals and Commonwealth citizens who moved abroad before they were 18 years old, they can still qualify for registration as an 'overseas elector' in elections to the European Parliament, with the 15 years period calculated from the date their parent(s)/guardian ceased to appear in the Register of Electors in Gibraltar.
This election took place on 26 November 2015.
|Alliance||Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party||70,551||47.83||7|
|Gibraltar Liberal Party||30,399||20.61||3|
|Gibraltar Social Democrats||46,545||31.56||7|
|Total (turnout 70.8%)||147,495||100.00||17|
|Source: Parliament of Gibraltar
1 These figures have been consolidated by party. Under the Gibraltar electoral system, all candidates are listed on the ballot paper individually.
Below is a series of results from elections to the Gibraltar Parliament and its predecessor, the House of Assembly (which was created upon the publication of the Gibraltar Constitution 1969). Elections take place roughly every four years, and before 2007, 15 members were elected at each election, using partial bloc voting. Each voter has eight votes, meaning that parties usually stand eight candidates, and the winning party is that which manages to get all their candidates elected.
This election took place on 30 July 1969.
GSLP - 58.2%, 8 members
AACR - 29.4%, 7 members
Independent Democrats - 12.4%, 0 members
GSD - 52.2%, 8 members
GSLP - 43.0%, 7 members
GNP - 4.7%, 0 members
Others - 0.2%
GSD - 58.4%, 8 members
GSLP/Liberal Alliance - 40.6%, 7 members
Others - 1.0%, 0 members
GSD - 51.5%, 8 members
GSLP/Liberal Alliance - 39.7%, 7 members
GLP - 8.3%
GSD - 49.3%, 10 members
GSLP/Liberal Alliance - 45.5%, 7 members
PDP - 3.8%
NGD - 0.78%
GSLP/Liberal Alliance - 48.88%, 10 members
GSD - 46.76% - 7 members
PDP - 4.36%
GSLP/Liberal Alliance - 68.4%, 10 members
GSD - 31.6% - 7 members
Unlike other overseas territories, Gibraltar has taken part as a UK counting area in three European elections and one UK-wide referendum as part of the South West England electoral region.
Some people have advocated, including individual MPs, UKIP, the Liberal Democrats and the Gibraltar in Westminster Movement that Gibraltar should be extended the franchise of voting in UK general elections as a Westminster constituency.