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El Fuerte, Sinaloa

El Fuerte
Official seal of El Fuerte
Seal
El Fuerte is located in Mexico
El Fuerte
El Fuerte
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 26°25′17″N 108°37′12″W / 26.42139°N 108.62000°W / 26.42139; -108.62000
Country Mexico
StateSinaloa
MunicipalityEl Fuerte
Government
 • MayorEleazar Rubio Ayala (PRI)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total12,566
 [1]
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time)
WebsiteGovernment page

El Fuerte (Spanish About this sound[el 'fwerte] ) is a city and El Fuerte Municipality its surrounding municipality in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city population reported in the 2010 census were 12,566 people.

El Fuerte, meaning "The Fort", was named a Pueblo Mágico ("Magical Town") in 2009, for it has many attractions and a special, pretty-small-town aura.

History

The city was founded in 1563 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Ibarra, the first explorer of the lofty Sierra Madre Occidental mountains. In 1610 a fort was built to ward off the fierce Zuaque and Tehueco Native Americans, who constantly harassed the Spaniards. For years, El Fuerte served as the gateway to the vast frontiers of the northern territories of Sonora, Arizona and California, all of which were sparsely populated by unyielding tribes of native amerindians.

For nearly three centuries it was the most important commercial and agricultural center of the vast northwestern region of Mexico. El Fuerte was a chief trading post for silver miners and gold seekers from the Urique and Batopilas mines in the nearby mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental and its branches.

In 1824, El Fuerte became the capital city of the newly created Mexican state of Sonora y Sinaloa (reaching up deep into modern-day Arizona). It remained the capital for several years until the split of this state into the states of Sinaloa and Sonora.

Tourism

Tourism remains a major industry in town, although it has been diminished in recent years by tourists being wary of Mexican drug cartel violence in other parts of Sinaloa; however, violence declined by 2013 from a high in 2011.[2] El Fuerte has several holidays and local "Fiestas" which are celebrated with pageants, "Ferias" and the like. Several hotels cater to hunters and fishermen, who hunt (deer, boar, wild hog, wild goat, rabbit, armadillo, a variety of snakes) in the foothills or fish in the nearby Rio Fuerte river which runs on the northwest part of the town's commercial district. There are also local petroglyphs a short distance from the downtown. The city also serves as a gateway to the popular Barranca de Cobre (Copper Canyon) situated in the nearby state of Chihuahua. There are no easily travelled roads to the Copper Canyon from west of the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Transport

Passenger trains

Visitors usually take the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico railway, whose local station is a few miles south of town. The route is on the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad, or ChePe, which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon, from Chihuahua, Chihuahua to the northeast, to Los Mochis, Sinaloa, near the Gulf of California, to the southwest.[3]

The town is also served by El Fuerte Airport.

Climate

Climate data for El Fuerte (1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.5
(101.3)
39.5
(103.1)
42.0
(107.6)
44.0
(111.2)
46.0
(114.8)
45.5
(113.9)
45.5
(113.9)
46.0
(114.8)
44.5
(112.1)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
31.6
(88.9)
34.8
(94.6)
37.8
(100.0)
39.6
(103.3)
37.7
(99.9)
36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
35.8
(96.4)
32.0
(89.6)
28.3
(82.9)
34.0
(93.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.0
(86.0)
29.6
(85.3)
26.9
(80.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.2
(64.8)
24.5
(76.1)
Average low °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
21.9
(71.4)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
18.1
(64.6)
11.5
(52.7)
8.1
(46.6)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.0
(35.6)
6.0
(42.8)
10.5
(50.9)
13.0
(55.4)
10.0
(50.0)
15.0
(59.0)
8.0
(46.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.0
(23.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28.2
(1.11)
14.7
(0.58)
6.7
(0.26)
2.8
(0.11)
2.6
(0.10)
33.0
(1.30)
169.5
(6.67)
176.2
(6.94)
103.6
(4.08)
32.3
(1.27)
17.8
(0.70)
26.6
(1.05)
614.0
(24.17)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 1.9 0.9 0.6 0.4 3.0 13.7 12.9 7.5 2.9 1.7 2.8 51.1
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[4][5]

Sister Cities

External links

  1. ^ "Principales resultados por localidad 2010 (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010.
  2. ^ [isitsafetotraveltomexico.com]
  3. ^ Mexlist, "PASSENGER TRAIN INFORMATION" [www.mexlist.com]
  4. ^ "Estado de Sinaloa-Estacion: El Fuerte". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for El Fuerte 1955–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International.