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Eichō (永長) was a Japanese era (年号, nengō, "year name") after Kahō and before Jōtoku. This period spanned the years from December 1096 through November 1097.[1] The reigning emperor was Emperor Horikawa-tennō (嘉保天皇).[2]

Change of Era

  • January 28, 1096 Eichō gannen (永長元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Kahō 3, on the 17th day of the 12th month of 1096.[3]

Events of the Eichō Era

  • 1096 (Eichō 1): The kampaku Fujiwara no Moromichi was raised to the second rank of the first class[4]
  • 1096 (Eichō 1): During the summer, a series of great dengaku dance performances unfolded in the streets and in open areas near the city. The participants were drawn from the aristocracy and from the common people; and even the former emperor joined along with members of the Imperial court.[4]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Eichō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 172–176; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 319; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 202.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 319.
  4. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 176; Waseda/Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum, Dengaku.


  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by