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East 180th Street station

 East 180 Street
 "2" train"5" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
East 180th Street-Morris Park Avenue.jpg
Northbound view of the station platforms, with the East 180th Street Yard off to the left.
Station statistics
AddressEast 180th Street & Morris Park Avenue
Bronx, NY 10460
BoroughThe Bronx
LocaleVan Nest and West Farms
Coordinates40°50′28″N 73°52′26″W / 40.841°N 73.874°W / 40.841; -73.874
DivisionA (IRT)
LineIRT White Plains Road Line
Services      2 all times (all times)
      5 all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: Bx21
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM10
StructureElevated
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks3
Other information
OpenedMarch 3, 1917; 103 years ago (1917-03-03)
Station code426[1]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
OMNY acceptedYes
Opposite-direction transfer availableYes
Former/other namesEast 180th Street–Morris Park Avenue
Traffic
Passengers (2018)2,249,646[2]Decrease 13.1%
Rank208 out of 424
Station succession
Next northGun Hill Road (White Plains express): no regular service
Bronx Park East (White Plains local): 2 all times5 limited weekday rush hour service in the peak direction
Pelham Parkway (Dyre express): no regular service
Morris Park (Dyre local): 5 all times
Next southWest Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue (local): 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights
Third Avenue–149th Street (express): 5 rush hours until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
(Terminal): 5 late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northGun Hill Road (White Plains express): no regular service
Pelham Parkway (White Plains local): 2 all times5 limited weekday rush hour service in the peak direction
none (Dyre Avenue services): 5 all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southSimpson Street (local): 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights
Third Avenue–149th Street (express): 5 rush hours until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
none (Dyre Avenue shuttle): 5 late nights

East 180th Street (originally East 180th Street–Morris Park Avenue) is an elevated express station on the IRT White Plains Road Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of East 180th Street and Morris Park Avenue in the Bronx, it is served by the 2 and 5 trains at all times.

History

This station was built under the Dual Contracts. It opened on March 3, 1917, as part of an extension of the IRT White Plains Road Line from East 177th Street–East Tremont Avenue to East 219th Street–White Plains Road, providing the Bronx communities of Williamsbridge and Wakefield with access to rapid transit service. Service on the new portion of the line was operated as a four-car shuttle from 177th Street due to the power conditions at the time.[3][4][5]

When the East 180th Street station opened, it also served as a connection to the New York, Westchester and Boston Railroad Administration Building, built in 1913, as well as the NYW&B platforms at East 180th Street.[citation needed]

The main entrance

From March 2010 to 2013, the station underwent a rehabilitation coordinated by Lee Harris Pomeroy Architects and completed by Citnalta Construction Corporation.[6][7] Improvements included fixing up the entrance and forecourt; replacing parts of the canopy roof, track beds, platforms and platform edges; adding new elevator access to improve circulation; and repairing electrical, mechanical, plumbing, lighting and communication equipment. Community groups hoped to see the return of businesses inside the station such as a barber shop, shoe repair, and dry cleaners which existed many decades ago.[8]

The New York City Transit Authority paid $66.6 million for the station's renovation and the Citnalta Construction Corporation contributed the cost of the 45-inch clock with Roman numerals on the facade.[6] The East 180th Street Station rehab project was completed and closed out in May 2013 at a $49.5 million cost, with another $10.4 million included for ADA access. It had been delayed six months to resolve and complete punch work.[9]

Station layout

3F Crossover Restricted access
2F
Platforms
Southbound local "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Peak-direction express "5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (AM rush) (Third Avenue–149th Street)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue (PM rush and late nights) (Morris Park)
(No service: Pelham Parkway/Esplanade (Dyre))
"5" train toward Nereid Avenue (PM rush) (Bronx Park East)
"5" train toward Gun Hill Road/White Plains Road (limited service, AM rush) (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street (Bronx Park East)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue except nights (Morris Park)
"5" train toward Nereid Avenue (PM rush) (Bronx Park East)
(No service: Pelham Parkway/Esplanade (Dyre))
Gap between platforms
Former NYW&B southbound No service
Island platform, not in service
Former NYW&B northbound No service
1F Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access Elevators inside station house on northwest corner of East 180th Street and Morris Park Avenue
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
Track layout
to Gun Hill Rd
(White Plains)
E 180 St Yd
maintenance tracks
E 180 St Yd
layup tracks
NYW&B platforms
Subway platforms
to W Farms Sq /
E Tremont Av
Revenue service track
Non-revenue/yard track

The NYPD's Transit District #12 resides directly across the street from the East 180th Street station at 460 Morris Park Ave.[10]

New York City Subway platforms

The New York City Subway station has two island platforms and three tracks. All 2 trains, and 5 trains at all times except rush hours and late nights, stop at the outer tracks. The center track is used by 5 service during rush hours in the peak direction (when it runs express to or from Third Avenue–149th Street) and late nights (when shuttle trains from Eastchester–Dyre Avenue terminate here). The express run to Third Avenue–149th Street is 3.4 miles (5.5 km) long and bypasses seven stations, making it the second-longest express run in the system, after the 3.5-mile (5.6 km) express run between 125th Street and 59th Street–Columbus Circle on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, which also bypasses seven stations.

The south end of the platforms has a staff-only bridge allowing access from the platforms to the East 180th Street Yard directly to the west.

Heading north, after West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue, trains turn east and enter the S-curve to East 180th Street. To the northeast are the Unionport Yard and a signal tower; just to the northwest is the flyover that carries the southbound track of the IRT Dyre Avenue Line. The 2 train continues on the IRT White Plains Road Line to Wakefield–241st Street, while the 5 train diverges to the Dyre Avenue Line northeast. Some 5 trains continue on the White Plains Road Line during rush hours and run local to Nereid Avenue.

Exits

Until the 1980s, the station had escalators to the street level via a mezzanine, the remains of which are visible beneath the tracks. A walk is now required to reach fare control, which is in the former New York, Westchester and Boston Railway station house. A secondary exit leads to 180th Street.[11]

New York, Westchester and Boston Railway platforms

Disused platform of the New York, Westchester, and Boston Railway

Directly to the east of the platforms are the platforms of the old New York, Westchester and Boston Railway's 180th Street station.[6] The station was designed by Fellheimer & Long with Allen H. Stem Associated Architects.[12] Its design is reminiscent of late 19th and early 20th century revivals. After the demise of NYW&B in 1937, a portion of the main line was bought by the city of New York, which converted it into the subway and renamed it the IRT Dyre Avenue Line. The line north of Dyre Avenue and south of East 180th Street was abandoned and demolished, leaving the Dyre Avenue Line with no rail connections, so subway service debuted in 1940 as a full-time shuttle.

In 1957, a flyover connection between the IRT White Plains Road and Dyre Avenue Lines opened, allowing trains from the latter to travel to Manhattan and Brooklyn. All services that formerly used the NYW&B tracks and platforms moved to the White Plains Road Line platforms and tracks. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 23, 1980.[13]

The original NYW&B station house on Morris Park Avenue is still in use as the main entrance. It is also home to some office space, a small convenience store, and until recently, a New York City Transit Police precinct (which now has a building across the street from the station entrance). Restoration of the station house was completed by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 2013.[14]

References

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  3. ^ "Annual report. 1916-1917". HathiTrust. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. December 12, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  4. ^ "New Subway Line Opened: White Plains Extension is Now Running to 238th Street" (PDF). The New York Times. April 1, 1917. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 24, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  5. ^ "White Plains Road Extension of Subway Opened to the Public; New Branch, Which Runs from 177th to 219th Street, Gives the Williamsbridge and Wakefield Sections of the East Bronx Rapid Transit for the First Time" (PDF). The New York Times. March 4, 1917. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 23, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c Dunlap, David W. (January 31, 2013). "100 Years Later, a Railroad Landmark Is Revived". The New York Times. p. A22. Archived from the original on March 23, 2020. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
  7. ^ "Lee Harris Pomery Architects, P.C." East 180th Street Station Restoration. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
  8. ^ Mitchell, Max (August 25, 2010). "Station rehab may bring in new stores". Bronx-Times Reporter. p. 8. Archived from the original on March 23, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  9. ^ "May 2013 Capital Program Status Report - Transit and Bus Committee" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2013. p. 4.95 (PDF p. 150). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 23, 2020.
  10. ^ "Transit District 12 - NYPD". New York City Police Department. Archived from the original on March 23, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  11. ^ "East 180th Street Neighborhood Map" (PDF). new.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  12. ^ Potter, Janet Greenstein (1996). Great American Railroad Stations. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 174. ISBN 978-0471143895.
  13. ^ "State Listings New York". National Register of Historic Places. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
  14. ^ "MTA Restores Historic Bronx Subway Station House to Original Grandeur" (Press release). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 15, 2013. Archived from the original on March 23, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.

External links

Preceding station   New York, Westchester and Boston Railway   Following station
Former services
Westchester Avenue   Main Line   Morris Park