Eighth Avenue Local
Note: Dashed line shows late night only service
Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to 179th Street
|Northern end||Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer|
Jamaica–179th Street (limited rush hour service)
|Southern end||World Trade Center|
|Stations||20 (daytime weekday service)|
22 (daytime weekend service)
32 (late night service)
19 (limited service)
|Rolling stock||260 R160A/Bs (26 trains)|
|Started service||August 19, 1933|
The E operates at all times between Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer in Jamaica, Queens, and World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan; limited rush hour service originates and terminates at 179th Street[a] instead of Jamaica Center. Daytime service operates express in Queens[b] and local in Manhattan; late night service makes local stops along its entire route.
In its early years, the E train ran along the Rutgers Street Tunnel and IND Culver Line to Brooklyn, though this service pattern stopped by the 1940s. Until 1976, it ran to Brooklyn and Queens via the IND Fulton Street Line and IND Rockaway Line. The E's northern terminal was switched from 179th Street to Jamaica Center with the opening of the IND Archer Avenue Line in 1988. The E is one of the most heavily used services in the subway system, and operates over the operating guidelines during rush hours.
With the opening of the IND Queens Boulevard Line from 50th Street to Roosevelt Avenue on August 19, 1933, E service began, running between Roosevelt Avenue and Hudson Terminal (current World Trade Center station) on the IND Eighth Avenue Line. Because the IND Crosstown Line did not yet fully open, and as the IND Queens Boulevard Line had not yet opened to Jamaica, service ran via the Queens Boulevard Line's local tracks. The E also ran local in Manhattan. Initially, service ran every four minutes during rush hours and every 12 minutes overnights, with service provided by 3-car trains during rush hours and 2-car trains at other times.
On January 1, 1936, the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened from West Fourth Street to East Broadway and the E was extended there. E trains no longer served stations on the Eighth Avenue Line south of West Fourth Street. On April 8 of the same year, the Sixth Avenue Line was extended through the Rutgers Street Tunnel to Jay Street–Borough Hall, and E trains were extended via this line and the IND Culver Line to Church Avenue, replacing the A train. E service was again extended with the opening of the Queens Boulevard Line extension to Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike on December 31, 1936.
Express service along Queens Boulevard began on April 24, 1937, coinciding with the extension of the line and E service to 169th Street. Express service was inaugurated during rush hours, with E trains making express stops from 71st–Continental Avenues to Queens Plaza. The express service operated between approximately 6:30 and 10:30 a.m. and from 3:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Express service was also provided on Saturdays between 6:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.. During rush hours, GG trains were extended to Continental Avenue from Queens Plaza, taking over the local. During non-rush hours local service was provided by EE trains which operated between 169th Street and Church Avenue in Brooklyn. The initial headway for express service was between three and five minutes.
On September 12, 1938, nine weekday rush hour trains began terminating at Jay Street in the morning, and four entered service at Smith–Ninth Streets in the evening. The 23rd Street–Ely Avenue station opened as an in-fill station on August 28, 1939, and was served by E service during rush hours, and by EE service during other times. Between April 1939 and October 1940, select PM E trains ran to-and-from the Horace Harding Boulevard terminal at the 1939 New York World's Fair, terminating at Hudson Terminal in Manhattan. These trains ran between 8:24 p.m. and 1:30 a.m., when the fair closed for the night. Service ended following the fair.
On December 15, 1940, service on the entire Sixth Avenue Line began. The E was cut back to Broadway–Lafayette Street. South of that station, it was replaced by the F train. On October 24, 1949, the E was extended during rush hours to Broadway–East New York running via Fulton Street Local to allow A trains to run express.
On December 11, 1950, the Queens Boulevard Line's extension to 179th Street opened, and E trains were extended from 169th Street to terminate there. E trains ran express between Queens Plaza and 71st Avenue and local from 71st Avenue to 179th Street.
In 1953, the platforms were lengthened at 75th Avenue and Sutphin Boulevard to 660 feet (200 m) to allow E and F trains to run eleven car trains. The E and F began running eleven-car trains during rush hours on September 8, 1953. The extra train car increased the total carrying capacity by 4,000 passengers. The lengthening project cost $400,000. The operation of eleven-car trains ended in 1958 because of operational difficulties. The signal blocks, especially in Manhattan, were too short to accommodate the longer trains, and the motormen had a very small margin of error to properly platform the train. It was found that operating ten-car trains allowed for two additional trains per hour to be scheduled.
Then, on October 30, 1954, E trains began running to Hudson Terminal during non-rush hours, and began running express in Manhattan during rush hours.
On June 28, 1956, the LIRR Rockaway Beach Branch re-opened as the IND Rockaway Line after being converted for subway service and E service was extended from East New York to Rockaway Park or Wavecrest during weekday rush hours. During non-rush hours, service was provided by shuttle service between Euclid and Rockaway Park or Wavecrest.
On September 16, 1956, rush hour E service was cut back to Euclid Avenue when Rockaway service was replaced by the A train. The A and E later switched southern terminals again, and on September 6, 1958, the E began running to the Rockaways during rush hours. During off-peak hours on weekdays, separate shuttles operated to Far Rockaway and Rockaway Park. During weekends and late nights round-robin service operated.:216
On September 8, 1959, the E began running express to Euclid Avenue, while the A became local; however, in 1960, the E train became an express in Brooklyn and was extended to the Rockaways, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard during rush hours. Some E trains were extended to Lefferts Boulevard on June 6 of that year due to complaints. In 1963–1964, the E was extended to the Rockaways during rush hours, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard.
On January 2, 1973, the E train became the local in Brooklyn again, running to Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street only. Finally, on August 27, 1976, E service in Brooklyn was eliminated with all trains terminating at World Trade Center (the local platform). Brooklyn service was replaced by the CC local.
Until 1986, 2 E trains and 2 F trains started at Continental Avenue in the morning rush hour with the intention to relieve congestion. These trains were eliminated because they resulted in a loading imbalance as these lightly-loaded trains would be followed by extremely crowded trains from 179th Street, which followed an 8-minute gap of E and F service from 179th Street.:51
On December 11, 1988, the Archer Avenue Lines opened, and E trains were rerouted via this branch, running to Jamaica Center via the Queens Boulevard Line's express tracks. E trains began running express east of Continental Avenue, skipping 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard at all times, with local service to 179th Street replaced by the R, which was extended to 179th Street from Continental Avenue. The R extension allowed F trains to continue running express to 179th Street. It was decided to serve Archer with the E as opposed to the F to minimize disruption to passengers who continued to use Hillside Avenue, to maximize Jamaica Avenue ridership and the length of the peak ridership period, which is longer on the F. It was found that most riders using buses diverted to Archer used the E, while passengers on buses to 179th used the F. Having E trains run local between Continental Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard along was dismissed in order to provide 24 hour express service to the Archer Avenue Line.:55
Two service plans were identified prior to a public hearing on February 25, 1988 concerning the service plan for the new extension. The first would have split rush-hour E service between the two branches, with late night service to 179th Street provided by the R, while the second would have had all E trains run via Archer Avenue and would have extended R locals to 179th Street.:9-10 A modified version of the second plan was decided upon. The change in the plan was the operation of some E trains from 179th Street as expresses during the morning rush hour to provide an appropriate level of E service to Archer during the morning rush, to maintain the same level of service to 179th Street while providing express service, and to provide greater choice for riders at the Parsons Boulevard and 179th Street stations on Hillside Avenue. It was decided not to divert some E trains to 179th Street during the afternoon rush hour so that Queens-bound riders would not be confused about where their E train was headed.:9-10
The 1988 changes angered some riders because they resulted in the loss of direct Queens Boulevard Express service at local stations east of 71st Avenue (169th Street, Sutphin Boulevard, Van Wyck Boulevard and 75th Avenue stations). Local elected officials pressured the MTA to eliminate all-local service at these stations. As part of service cuts on September 30, 1990, the R was cut back to 71st–Continental Avenue outside of rush hours. Local service to 179th Street was replaced by F trains, which provided Queens Boulevard Express service, during middays, evenings, and weekends, and local G service during late nights. In 1992, the MTA considered three options to improve service at these local stops, including leaving service as is, having E trains run local east of 71st Avenue along with R service, and having F trains run local east of 71st Avenue replacing R service, which would be cut back to 71st Avenue at all times. The third option was chosen to be tested for six months starting in October or November 1992. The test started on October 26, 1992 and was implemented on a permanent basis six months later, eliminating express service along Hillside Avenue.
On March 23, 1997, the E service began stopping at 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard during evenings, nights and weekends. On August 30, 1997, E service began running local in Queens during late nights. On the same date, late night G service was permanently cut back from 179th Street to Court Square, replaced by F service running local east of Queens Plaza, doubling late night service frequency at Queens Boulevard local stations.
During the early part of 2000, because of the replacement of track switches at the World Trade Center station, the E was extended to Euclid Avenue at all times except late nights, when it operated to Canal Street. Service on the E was again affected by the September 11 attacks in 2001, as its terminal station, World Trade Center, was located at the northeastern corner of the World Trade Center site, so for a time, the E again operated to Euclid Avenue in Brooklyn as the local on the IND Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights, replacing the temporarily suspended C service. On September 24, 2001, C service was restored, and E service was cut back to Canal Street, since World Trade Center would be closed until January 28, 2002.
On December 16, 2001, the connection from the IND 63rd Street Line to the Queens Boulevard Line opened, and F trains were rerouted via this connector to travel between Manhattan and Queens. E service was increased from 12 trains per hour to 15 trains per hour to make up some of the loss of Queens Boulevard Express service running along 53rd Street. These three additional rush hour E trains ran to 179th Street in the PM rush hour, instead of to Jamaica Center, due to its lack of capacity. F service decreased from 18 trains per hour to 15 trains per hour to accommodate these trains.
The EE originally ran as an Eighth Avenue local between 71st–Continental Avenues and Chambers Street during off peak hours when the GG didn't run. This service was discontinued when the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened on December 15, 1940. However, the EE reappeared on November 26, 1967 when it ran between 71st–Continental Avenues and Whitehall Street via the local tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, replacing the QT and RR. This service was discontinued on August 30, 1976, and replaced by the N. The route of the EE to Whitehall Street is currently duplicated by the R service.
The following table shows the lines used by the E service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|rush hours||weekdays||evenings, weekends||late nights|
|IND Archer Avenue Line (full line)||Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer||Jamaica–Van Wyck||all||Most trains|
|IND Queens Boulevard Line (full line)||Jamaica–179th Street||Sutphin Boulevard||express||Limited service||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Forest Hills–71st Avenue||Queens Plaza||express|
|Court Square–23rd Street||Seventh Avenue||all|
|IND Eighth Avenue Line||50th Street||World Trade Center||local|
Four E trips originate from 179th Street during the a.m. rush hour, three E trips originate from 179th Street during the p.m. rush hour, and four trips terminate at 179th Street during the p.m. rush hour.
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours in the peak direction only|
|Stops rush hours only (limited service not noted on map)|
|Stops evenings, late nights, and weekends|
|Time period details|
|Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
|↑||Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
in the indicated direction only
|Elevator access to mezzanine only|
|Stations||Subway transfers||Connections/Other Notes|
|Hillside Avenue Branch (limited rush hour service only)|
|N/A||Jamaica–179th Street||F <F>||Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport|
|Parsons Boulevard||F <F>|
|Archer Avenue Branch|
|N/A||Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer||J Z||Q44 Select Bus Service|
|Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–JFK Airport||J Z||LIRR City Terminal Zone at Jamaica|
Q44 Select Bus Service
|Queens Boulevard Line (services from 179th Street and Jamaica Center merge)|
||||Briarwood||F <F>||Q44 Select Bus Service|
|Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike||F <F>||Q10 bus to JFK Int'l Airport|
||||75th Avenue||F <F>|
|Forest Hills–71st Avenue||F <F> M R||LIRR City Terminal Zone at Forest Hills|
||||63rd Drive–Rego Park||Q72 bus to LaGuardia Airport|
||||Woodhaven Boulevard||Q53 Select Bus Service|
||||Grand Avenue–Newtown||Q53 Select Bus Service|
||||Elmhurst Avenue||Q53 Select Bus Service|
|Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue||7 (IRT Flushing Line)
F <F> M R
|Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport Marine Air Terminal|
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
|Queens Plaza||M R|
|Court Square–23rd Street||M
G (IND Crosstown Line)
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line)
|Lexington Avenue–53rd Street||4 6 <6> (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 51st Street)
|Fifth Avenue/53rd Street||M|
|Seventh Avenue||B D|
|Eighth Avenue Line|
|50th Street||↓||A C (IND Eighth Avenue Line)||Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only|
|42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal||A C
1 2 3 (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line)
N Q R W (BMT Broadway Line)
S (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square–42nd Street
|Port Authority Bus Terminal|
M34A Select Bus Service
|34th Street–Penn Station||A C ||M34/M34A Select Bus Service|
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
|23rd Street||A C ||M23 Select Bus Service|
|14th Street||A C
L (BMT Canarsie Line)
|M14A/D Select Bus Service|
|West Fourth Street–Washington Square||A C
B D F <F> M (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
|PATH at 9th Street|
|Spring Street||A C |
|Canal Street||A C |
|World Trade Center [c]||A C
2 3 (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
N R W (BMT Broadway Line at Cortlandt Street)
|PATH at World Trade Center|
Hoboken and Jersey City ferries
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to E (New York City Subway service).|