Stadler GTW near Pittsburg Center station, May 2018
|Other name(s)||East Contra Costa County BART extension|
|Type||Diesel MU light rail|
|System||Bay Area Rapid Transit|
|Locale||East Contra Costa County|
|Daily ridership||7,700 (Q3 2018)|
|Opened||May 26, 2018|
|Owner||Bay Area Rapid Transit District|
|Operator(s)||Bay Area Rapid Transit District|
|Character||Grade separated in highway median|
|Depot(s)||Antioch Maintenance Yard|
|Rolling stock||8 Stadler GTW|
|Line length||10.1 mi (16.3 km)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Operating speed||75 mph (121 km/h)|
eBART (East Contra Costa County BART extension) is the project name for a diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail branch line of the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system in eastern Contra Costa County, California, United States. Service starts at Pittsburg/Bay Point station and extends to Antioch station.
eBART tracks and trains are incompatible with those of the main BART rapid transit system, making it impossible for trains to move between the two systems; instead, passengers transfer via a cross platform interchange at an auxiliary BART stop at Pittsburg/Bay Point – the eBART platform is accessible only via an intra-station ride from the main station to this auxiliary stop. The extension proceeds 10.1 miles (16.3 kilometres) east along the State Route 4 median to the city of Antioch at a Hillcrest Avenue station. The American Public Transportation Association classifies the service as a commuter rail.
The BART map treats this service and the service using standard BART trains running from SFO to Pittsburg/Bay Point as a single line, dubbed Antioch–SFO. The color associated with this entire line on maps and other BART wayfaring material is yellow.
For further extension into Contra Costa County and to extend the Pittsburg/Bay Point–SFO/Millbrae line, the DMU system was chosen[by whom?] as an alternative to the existing BART infrastructure because it was claimed to be both less expensive to implement and would more easily allow further extensions.
Initial plans had trains running on the Union Pacific Railroad right-of-way that runs parallel to State Route 4. After Union Pacific declined to grant trackage rights or allow laying of new tracks, the line was merged with a construction project already in the process of widening the adjacent freeway, by laying tracks in its median. Construction of the Railroad Avenue station in Pittsburg had been uncertain as planning and construction progressed but was fully funded by the city to open with the rest of the extension.
Ridership was initially projected at 5600 entrances and exits per weekday (supposing an opening date of 2015).
A sales tax increase was approved by Contra Costa voters in 2004 in order to fund the expansion. The expansion was approved by the BART board in April 2009. Costs were set at $463 million (equivalent to $552 million in 2019), compared to an estimated $1.2 billion (equivalent to $1.43 billion in 2019) for full BART buildout. On October 14, 2010, BART issued a press release announcing that the agency had awarded a $26 million (equivalent to $30.5 million in 2019) contract to West Bay Builders, of Novato, "to build the transfer platform and make some of the necessary rail improvements to begin extending the line to a terminus station at Hillcrest Avenue in Antioch."
Revenue service began on May 26, 2018. The new stations reached 7,441 daily customer entrances and exits within the first three workdays, while ridership and parking levels at the previous terminal, Pittsburg–Bay Point, declined.
While not fully planned or funded as of 2018[update], expansions of the DMU system could connect eBART service to Oakley, Byron, or the Brentwood Transit Center in Brentwood. In 2017, the San Joaquin Regional Rail Commission indicated that eBART could be extended to Tracy, where it would connect with the Altamont Corridor Express and a proposed Valley link line.
All eBART stations are in Contra Costa County.
|Station||City||Opened||Other BART lines|
|Antioch||Antioch||May 26, 2018|
|Pittsburg/Bay Point||December 7, 1996||Antioch–SFO/Millbrae|
Trains servicing the line include eight Stadler GTW coupled pairs. The first were delivered in June 2016, and the agency has two options to procure six more sets. The Stadler GTW trains are diesel multiple units with 2/6 articulated power units, and are based on models previously used in Austin (Capital MetroRail), Denton (A-train), and New Jersey (River Line).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to eBART.|