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Duke of Westminster

Dukedom of Westminster
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Westminster without Order of Garter.svg
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Azure a Portcullis with chains pendant Or on a Chief of the last between two united Roses of York and Lancaster a Pale charged with the Arms of King Edward the Confessor (City of Westminster); 2nd and 3rd, Azure a Garb Or (Grosvenor).[1]
Creation date27 February 1874
MonarchVictoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderHugh Grosvenor,
3rd Marquess of Westminster
Present holderHugh Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster
Heir apparentNone
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesMarquess of Westminster
Earl Grosvenor
Viscount Belgrave
Baron Grosvenor
Baronet of Eaton
Seat(s)Eaton Hall
Grosvenor Baronets
Grosvenor baronets.png
Creation date1622
MonarchJames VI and I
PeeragePeerage of England
First holderRichard Grosvenor
Present holderHugh Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster
Remainder tothe 1st Baronet's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten

Duke of Westminster is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created by Queen Victoria in 1874 and bestowed upon Hugh Grosvenor, 3rd Marquess of Westminster. It is the most recent dukedom conferred outside the British Royal Family.[2]

The 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Dukes were each his grandsons. The present holder of the title is Hugh Grosvenor, the 7th Duke, who inherited the dukedom on 9 August 2016 on the death of his father, Gerald. The present Duke is also a godfather of Prince George of Cambridge.[3]

The Duke of Westminster's seats are at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, and at Abbeystead House, Lancashire. The family's London town house was Grosvenor House, Park Lane. The traditional burial place of the Dukes is the Old Churchyard adjacent to St Mary's Church, Eccleston.

History of the Grosvenor family

Richard Grosvenor was created Baronet of Eaton in January 1622.[4] Sir Richard Grosvenor, the 7th Baronet, was created Baron Grosvenor in 1761, and in 1784 became both Viscount Belgrave (Belgrave, Cheshire) and Earl Grosvenor under George III. The title Marquess of Westminster was bestowed upon Robert Grosvenor, the 2nd Earl Grosvenor, at the coronation of William IV in 1831.

The subsidiary titles are: Marquess of Westminster (created 1831), Earl Grosvenor (1784), Viscount Belgrave, of Belgrave in the County of Chester (1784), and Baron Grosvenor, of Eaton in the County of Chester (1761). The Dukedom and Marquessate are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom; the rest are in the Peerage of Great Britain. The courtesy title of the eldest son and heir to the Duke is Earl Grosvenor.

Grosvenor Baronets, of Eaton (1622)

Barons Grosvenor (1761)

Created by George III of Great Britain
# Name Period Spouse Notes Other titles
1 Richard Grosvenor
(1731–1802)
1761–1802 Henrietta Vernon Later created Earl Grosvenor

Earls Grosvenor (1784)

Created by George III of Great Britain
# Name Period Spouse Notes Other titles
1 Richard Grosvenor
(1731–1802)
1784–1802 Henrietta Vernon Previously styled as Baron Grosvenor Viscount Belgrave, Baron Grosvenor
2 Robert Grosvenor
(1767–1845)
1802–45 Lady Eleanor Egerton Son of the preceding, later created Marquess of Westminster

Marquesses of Westminster (1831)

Created by William IV of the United Kingdom
# Name Period Spouse Notes Other titles
1 Robert Grosvenor
(1767–1845)
1831–45 Lady Eleanor Egerton Previously styled as Earl Grosvenor Earl Grosvenor
Viscount Belgrave
Baron Grosvenor
2 Richard Grosvenor
(1795–1869)
1845–69 Lady Elizabeth Leveson-Gower Son of the preceding
3 Hugh Grosvenor
(1825–1899)
1869–99 Lady Constance Sutherland-Leveson-Gower Son of the preceding, later created Duke of Westminster
Jockey Colours of Duke of Westminster

Dukes of Westminster (1874)

Created by Victoria of the United Kingdom
# Name Period Spouse Notes Other titles
1 Hugh Grosvenor
(1825–1899)
1874–99 Lady Constance Sutherland-Leveson-Gower
Katherine Cavendish
Previously styled as Marquess of Westminster Marquess of Westminster
Earl Grosvenor
Viscount Belgrave
Baron Grosvenor
2 Hugh Grosvenor
(1879–1953)
1899–1953 Constance Cornwallis-West
Violet Nelson
Loelia Ponsonby
Anne Sullivan
Grandson of the preceding
3 William Grosvenor
(1894–1963)
1953–63 unmarried Cousin of the preceding
4 Gerald Grosvenor
(1907–1967)
1963–67 Sally Perry Cousin of the preceding
5 Robert Grosvenor
(1910–1979)
1967–79 Hon Viola Lyttelton Brother of the preceding
6 Gerald Grosvenor
(1951–2016)
1979–2016 Natalia Phillips Son of the preceding
7 Hugh Grosvenor
(b. 1991)
since 2016 Son of the preceding

Line of succession

There is no heir to the Dukedom of Westminster.

Heirs to the Marquessate of Westminster only:

  1. Francis Grosvenor, 8th Earl of Wilton (b.1934)
  2. Julian Grosvenor, Viscount Grey de Wilton (b.1959) son of the 8th Earl of Wilton

Family tree

Grosvenor family tree: Earls Grosvenor, Marquesses and Dukes of Westminster
BARON GROSVENOR, 1761
EARL GROSVENOR, 1784
Sir Richard Grosvenor, 7th Bt.
1st Baron Grosvenor &
1st Earl Grosvenor

(1731–1802)
 
 
 
MARQUESS OF WESTMINSTER, 1831
Robert Grosvenor,
2nd Earl Grosvenor &
1st Marquess of Westminster

(1767–1845)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earl of Wilton
 
Baron Ebury
Richard Grosvenor,
2nd Marquess of Westminster

(1795–1869)
 
Thomas Grosvenor (Egerton),
2nd Earl of Wilton

(1799–1882)
 
Robert Grosvenor,
1st Baron Ebury

(1801–1893)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF WESTMINSTER, 1874
 
 
 
 
 
Baron Stalbridge
Hugh Lupus Grosvenor,
3rd Marquess of Westminster &
1st Duke of Westminster

(1825–1899)
 
 
 
 
 
Richard de Aquila Grosvenor,
1st Baron Stalbridge

(1837–1912)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Victor Alexander Grosvenor,
Earl Grosvenor

(1853–1884)
 
Lord Henry George Grosvenor
(1861–1914)
 
 
 
Lord Hugh William Grosvenor
(1884–1914)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor,
2nd Duke of Westminster

(1879–1953)
 
William Grosvenor,
3rd Duke of Westminster

(1894–1963)
 
Gerald Hugh Grosvenor,
4th Duke of Westminster

(1907–1967)
 
Robert George Grosvenor,
5th Duke of Westminster

(1910–1979)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor,
6th Duke of Westminster

(1951–2016)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hugh Richard Louis Grosvenor,
7th Duke of Westminster

(b. 1991)

See also

References

  1. ^ Duke of Westminster nominations, CVQO. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Duke - Debrett's". Debrett's. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Prince George's godparents announced". BBC News. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  4. ^ George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage Volume 1 1900

External links