Dimitrovgrad railway station
|Federal subject||Ulyanovsk Oblast|
|City status since||1919|
|• Head||Nikolay Gorshenin|
|• Total||42 km2 (16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60 m (200 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||133rd in 2010|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)|
|• Subordinated to||city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad|
|• Capital of||Melekessky District, city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad|
|• Urban okrug||Dimitrovgrad Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Dimitrovgrad Urban Okrug, Melekessky Municipal District|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (UTC+04:00 )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 84235|
Dimitrovgrad (Russian: Димитровгра́д), formerly Melekess (Мелекесс) until 1972, is a city in Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia. It is the administrative center of Melekessky District, although it is not within the district and is an independent city. The city is located in the Volga Region, at the confluence of the Melekesska River and the Bolshoy Cheremshan River, a tributary of the Volga River. Dimitrovgrad has a population of 122,580 (2010 Census), the second-largest city in Ulyanovsk Oblast, after Ulyanovsk.
It was previously known as Melekess (until 1972).
The city was founded in 1714 as a village for workers of the local distillery. By 1897 its population had grown to 8,500, and in 1919 it was granted town status. Until 1972, the city's name was Melekess (Мелекесс), after the local Melekesska River which runs through the town. On July 15, 1972, Melekess was renamed to Dimitrovgrad, celebrating the posthumous 90th birthday of Georgi Dimitrov, the first leader of the communist People's Republic of Bulgaria.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dimitrovgrad serves as the administrative center of Melekessky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad is incorporated as Dimitrovgrad Urban Okrug.
The city's leading enterprise, located 6 km (4 mi) to the south-west, is the country's Federal Nuclear Research Institute. One of the institute's eight atomic reactors provides Dimitrovgrad with district heating. Nearby nuclear research facilities have been pinpointed by weather experts as possible responsible for the mysterious nuclear cloud over Europe.
Dimitrovgrad's industry also includes an auto parts manufacturer (Dimitrovgrad Automobile Parts Plant, carburetors, fuel pumps), a carpet manufacturing plant (Kovrotex), and a chemical processing equipment manufacturer (Dimitrovgradkhimmash and Zenith Khimmash).
The city has a variety of educational institutions. It has twenty-two secondary schools, three lyceums, one gymnasium, three branches of state universities, and two branches of private higher educational institutions. The city also has the State Scientific Center of Russian Federation, Research Institute of Atomic Reactors.
There also is a drama theater in Dimitrovgrad.
Dimitrovgrad is twinned with:
Drama Theatre. Historical monument: the place of speech of the prominent state leader Mikhail Kalinin